التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) was Sent with Many Swords  (Read 545 times)

Ummah

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Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) was Sent with Many Swords
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Ibn Kathir mentioned the following while giving the Tafsir of the Ayah at-Tawbah 9/5:

"It is narrated from Ibn Abi Hatim from Sufyan Ibn Uyaynah from Ali (radiyallahu anh) said:

“Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) was sent with four swords:

1- A sword for the Mushrikin,


بَرَاءةٌ مِّنَ اللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ إِلَى الَّذِينَ عَاهَدتُّم مِّنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَسِيحُواْ فِي الأَرْضِ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ وَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّكُمْ غَيْرُ مُعْجِزِي اللّهِ وَأَنَّ اللّهَ مُخْزِي الْكَافِرِينَ وَأَذَانٌ مِّنَ اللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ إِلَى النَّاسِ يَوْمَ الْحَجِّ الأَكْبَرِ أَنَّ اللّهَ بَرِيءٌ مِّنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَرَسُولُهُ فَإِن تُبْتُمْ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ وَإِن تَوَلَّيْتُمْ فَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّكُمْ غَيْرُ مُعْجِزِي اللّهِ وَبَشِّرِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ إِلاَّ الَّذِينَ عَاهَدتُّم مِّنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَنقُصُوكُمْ شَيْئاً وَلَمْ يُظَاهِرُواْ عَلَيْكُمْ أَحَداً فَأَتِمُّواْ إِلَيْهِمْ عَهْدَهُمْ إِلَى مُدَّتِهِمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فَإِذَا انسَلَخَ الأَشْهُرُ الْحُرُمُ فَاقْتُلُواْ الْمُشْرِكِينَ حَيْثُ وَجَدتُّمُوهُمْ وَخُذُوهُمْ وَاحْصُرُوهُمْ وَاقْعُدُواْ لَهُمْ كُلَّ مَرْصَدٍ فَإِن تَابُواْ وَأَقَامُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَآتَوُاْ الزَّكَاةَ فَخَلُّواْ سَبِيلَهُمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“Freedom from (all) obligations (is declared) from Allah and His Messenger to those of the Mushrikun, with whom you made a treaty. So travel freely (O Mushrikun) for four months (as you will) throughout the land, but know that you cannot escape (from the Punishment of) Allah, and Allah will disgrace the disbelievers. And a declaration from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the greatest Day (the 10th of Dh'ul Hijjah) that Allah is free from (all) obligations to the Mushrikun and so is His Messenger. So if you (Mushrikun) repent, it is better for you, but if you turn away, then know that you cannot escape (from the Punishment of) Allah. And give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful torment to those who disbelieve. Except those of the Mushrikun with whom you have a treaty, and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor have supported anyone against you. So fulfill their treaty to them to the end of their term. Surely Allah loves al-Muttaqun. Then when the Sacred Months have passed, then kill the Mushrikun wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege them, and prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform as-Salat, and give Zakat, then leave their way free. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (at-Tawbah 9/1-5)

2- A sword for the people of the book,


قَاتِلُواْ الَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللّهِ وَلاَ بِالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَلاَ يُحَرِّمُونَ مَا حَرَّمَ اللّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَلاَ يَدِينُونَ دِينَ الْحَقِّ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ حَتَّى يُعْطُواْ الْجِزْيَةَ عَن يَدٍ وَهُمْ صَاغِرُونَ

“Fight against those who believe not in Allah, nor in the Last Day, nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e., Islam) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.” (at-Tawbah 9/29)

3- A sword for the transgressors,


فَإِن بَغَتْ إِحْدَاهُمَا عَلَى الْأُخْرَى فَقَاتِلُوا الَّتِي تَبْغِي

“…But if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels…” (al-Hujurat 49/9)

4- A sword for the Munafiqin (hypocrites),


يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ جَاهِدِ الْكُفَّارَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ

“O Prophet! Strive hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be severe against them, their abode will be Hell, and worst indeed is that destination.” (at-Tahrim 66/9)"

Imam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullaah) said: "And what is apparent is that in the Qur’an there are four swords:

The sword against Mushrikin (the polytheists) until they accept Islam or are restrained. Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e., free them without ransom), or ransom (according to what benefits Islam).

And the sword against Munafiqin (the Hypocrites) and Zanadiqah (the Heretics). And Allah has ordered with Jihaad against them and harshness with them in Surah Baraa’ah (Surah at-Tawbah) and Surah at-Tahrim and the end of Surah al-Ahzab.

And the sword against Ahl'ul Kitaab (the People of the Book) until they pay the Jizyah (Islamic tax).

And the sword against Ahl'ul Bid’ah (the people of Transgression), as it is mentioned in Surah al-Hujurat.

And Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not apply this sword during his life, and it was applied during the ruling (Khilafah) of Ali (radiyallahu anh). And he used to say: "I am the one who has taught the people fighting the people of the Qiblah!"

And Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) had other swords: From them: His (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) sword against Murtadin (the people of apostasy) and they are those who he (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said about: "Whoever changes his religion then kill him!" And it was applied by Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (radiyallahu anh) during his rule upon those who apostate from the tribes of the Arabs.

And from is the sword against the Maariqin and they are the people of innovation such as the Khawarij.

And it has been affirmed as an order from him to fight them with the differing of the scholars in their disbelief. And Ali (radiyallahu anh) fought them during his rule with his statement: "They are not Kuffar (disbelievers)!" And it was reported from Ali (radiyallahu anh) that Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) ordered with the killing of the Maariqin and the disloyal ones and rebellious and Ali (radiyallahu anh) burned a group from the Heretics. So Ibn Abbas (radiyallahu anhuma ajmain) approved of their killing but denounced burning them with fire. So Ali (radiyallahu anh) said: "Beware Ibn Abbas, for looking for mistakes!" (al-Hikm al-Jadirah Bi'l Idhaa’ah min Qawl'qn Nabiyy: “I have been sent with the Sword until the Last Day!..”
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

 

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