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Author Topic: "FA TUBA LI'L GHURABA!" IBNU TAYMIYYAH  (Read 2567 times)


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« on: August 25, 2015, 01:17:36 AM »

"Fa Tuba li'l Ghuraba (So Glad-tidings for the Strangers)!.."
Shaykh'ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (661/728H), Majmu'ul Fatawah, 18/291-305

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Fasl (Chapter): The saying of Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam), in the Sahih Hadith:

بدأ الإسلام غريبًا، وسيعود غريبًا كما بدأ، فَطُوبي للغرباء‏!

"Islam began as (something) strange, and will return (once again) as something strange, so Tuba is for Ghuraba (the strangers)." (Ibn Ma'jah)

This does not mean that, if Islam becomes something strange, that it is permissible to leave it, and I seek refuge in Allah (from that), but rather, it is a command from Allah (to follow Islam), just as (Allah) Ta'ala says:

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الإِسْلاَمِ دِيناً فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ

"If anyone desires a Din (religion) other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him." (Al-i Imran 3/85) And the saying of (Allah) Ta'ala:

إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِندَ اللّهِ الإِسْلاَمُ

"Indeed, the (only acceptable) Din (religion, way) with Allah is Islam." (Al-i Imran 3/19) And (Allah) Ta'ala said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اتَّقُواْ اللّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إِلاَّ وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

"O you who believe! Have Taqwah (fear) of Allah, as is the due right of Allah, and do not die except as Muslims." (Al-i Imran 3/102) And (Allah) Ta'ala said:

وَمَن يَرْغَبُ عَن مِّلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِلاَّ مَن سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُ وَلَقَدِ اصْطَفَيْنَاهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَإِنَّهُ فِي الآخِرَةِ لَمِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ إِذْ قَالَ لَهُ رَبُّهُ أَسْلِمْ قَالَ أَسْلَمْتُ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ وَوَصَّي بِهَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بَنِيهِ وَيَعْقُوبُ يَا بَنِيَّ إِنَّ اللّهَ اصْطَفَي لَكُمُ الدِّينَ فَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إَلاَّ وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

"And who turns away the Millah (i.e., Din, religion, way) of Ibrahim (Abraham), except a person who has fooled himself. Verily, We have chosen him in this world and indeed, in the next life he will be from the righteous. And when his Lord asked him to submit, he said: I have submitted myself (as a Muslim) to the Lord of the Worlds. And were you witnesses when death was approaching Ya'qub (Jacob)? When he said: O my sons! What will you worship after me? They said: We will worship your Deity (Allah), the Deity of your fathers, Ibrahim, Ismail and Ishaq (Isaac). A single Deity, and to Him we submit." (al-Baqarah 2/130-132)

And we have expounded upon these words in another place, and we explained that, indeed the Din of all of Anbiya (the Prophets) was Islam, from (Prophet) Nuh (Noah) to the Masih (Isa ibn Maryam i.e., Jesus). So even though Islam began as something strange, no other religion is acceptable to Allah other that Islam.

It is confirmed in the Sahih Hadith of Iyadh ibn Himar (radiyallahu anh) that Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

إن الله نظر إلى أهل الأرض فَمَقَتَهُم ـ عربهم وعجمهم ـ إلا بقايا من أهل الكتاب

"Verily, Allah looked at Ahl'ul Ardh (the people on the Earth) with disdain, the Arabs and Ajam (the non-Arabs), except for some of the remnants of Ahl'ul Kitaab (the People of the Book i.e., the Jews and the Christians)..." to the end of the narration. (Ahmad, Musnad)

This does not mean that being strange, due to holding firm to Islam, is something bad. But rather, they are the most felicitous of the people, just as it is mentioned in the conclusion of the Hadith:

فطوبي للغرباء

"So Tuba is for Ghurabaa (the strangers)!.." And طوبي "Tuba" is derived from the word الطيب Tayyib meaning delight/pleasure, as (Allah) Ta'ala says:

طُوبَى لَهُمْ وَحُسْنُ مَآبٍ

"Tuba is for them and an excellent return." (ar-Ra'd 13/29)

So this is just like the first and foremost of those (the Noble Companions) who followed Islam and even though it was something strange, and they were the most felicitous of the people. In the next life they will be raised (in the Paradise) up in levels, high above the people, after Anbiya (the Prophets) alayhi salam (who will be in the highest levels). And in this worldly life (Allah) Ta'ala has said:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ حَسْبُكَ اللّهُ وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

"O Prophet! Allah is sufficient for you and for those who follow you from the believers." (al-Anfal 8/64) Meaning; certainly Allah is sufficient for you and those who follow you... And (Allah) Ta'ala says:

إِنَّ وَلِيِّـيَ اللّهُ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْكِتَابَ وَهُوَ يَتَوَلَّي الصَّالِحِينَ

"Indeed, my Wali (protector, ally) is Allah, Who revealed the Book and He is the one Who protects/supports the righteous." (al-A'raf 7/196) And (Allah) Ta'ala says:

إِنَّ وَلِيِّـيَ اللّهُ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْكِتَابَ وَهُوَ يَتَوَلَّي الصَّالِحِينَ

"Is not Allah sufficient for his servant?" (az-Zumar 39/36) And again (Allah) says:

وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مَخْرَجًا وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ على اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ

"And whoever has Taqwa (fear) of Allah, then Allah will make a way for them. And He will provide for them from (sources) that they could never imagine. And whoever puts their trust and reliance upon Allah, then Allah will suffice him." (at-Talaq 65/2-3)

So Allah will suffice and be Wali (sufficient) for the Muslim who (truly) follows Rasulullah, wherever they are and at all times.

And this is also found in the Muslims that firmly adhere to Islam in Bilaad'ul Kufr (the Lands of Disbelief). They are in a state of delight as a result of them holding firmly onto Islam, and when something bad befalls them, then it befalls them due to their sins. When the (best of the) Mushrikin (polytheists) and Ahl'ul Kitaab (the People of the Book) see a Muslim who is firmly established in Islam, they will honour him and respect him and excuse him from the (evil) actions of those who outwardly manifest Islam but whose actions, in reality, are ignoble. And this is what happened to the Muslims in the beginning of Islam and it is like that in every time.

For indeed, there is no doubt that something bad will befall the people in this worldly life, and Allah disposes upon His servants (whatever He wills), however, the (amount) of bad which befalls the Muslim is much less, and the amount of Ni'mah (favours/blessings) that reach him are far greater.

So in the beginning of Islam, the Muslims were tested by way of being harmed by Kuffar (the disbelievers), who forced them out of their lands. However, that which (ultimately) reached the disbelievers, by way of loss, was far greater, and that which the disbelievers (initially) possessed by way of dignity and wealth, the Muslims (eventually) had far more of that, to the point where they became the (global) leaders.

So too, Mushrikun (the polytheists) sought to harm Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam), in every single way possible, but Allah repelled their harm, protected him, guarded him, and assisted him against whatever power the (disbelieving) Quraysh had with them, and they harmed him and degraded him with such great harms that, none could repel them but Allah.

This is the condition of all those who do not follow Islam, during confrontations they display the same type of enmity and hostility and they (i.e., the disbelievers) will (even) turn against each other, one to another. And this (previously mentioned) honour and respect is what happened to those who emigrated to al-Habasha (Abyssinia; modern-day Ethiopia and Eritrea). The Abyssinian Malik (king; Nagus) honoured and respected them, and also those who emigrated to al-Madinah (from Makkah) were likewise honoured and respected.

And what which befell them of harms in this worldly life, they were rewarded for that harm by way of their Iman (true faith), and they tasted the sweetness of Iman due to them (patiently) enduring such harms. Whereas the harms and evil that befell their enemies were many times greater, however, their enemies will not be compensated for that in this worldly life of in the next life, as the harms that befell them were a recompense for their evil actions.

Mu'minin (the believers) are continually tested (by trials) to purify their Iman and to expiate their sins. This is because the believer performs his actions for the sake of Allah, so it is (incumbent) upon Allah to reward him for that harm which he endured. Likewise, the person who gives food or wealth for the sake of Allah, it is upon Allah to reward him for that. And (true) faith is the sweetness that a person has in his heart and there is absolutely nothing that can replace it.

Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

ثلاث من كن فيه وجد بهن حلاوة الإيمان : من كان الله ورسوله أحب إليه مما سواهما ومن كان يحب المرء لا يحبه إلا لله ومن كان يكره أن يرجع في الكفر بعد إذ أنقذه الله منه كما يكره أن يلقى في النار

"There are three (qualities) which if they are found in a person, then they will taste the sweetness of Iman; (1) a person who loves Allah and His Messenger more than anything else, (2) a person who loves another and does not love them except, for the sake of Allah (alone), (3) a person who hates to return back to disbelief after Allah has saved his from that just as he hates to be thrown into Naar (fire i.e., the Hellfire)." This Hadith has been reported in the Sahihayn (i.e., two Sahih collections; Sahih of Bukhari and Sahih of Muslim).

And also in the Sahih of Imam Muslim (it was narrated that):

ذاق طعم الإيمان من رضي بالله ربا وبالإسلام دينا وبمحمد نبيا

"The one who tastes Iman is the one who is pleased with Allah as his Lord, and Islam as his Din and Muhammad as his Nabi (Prophet)."

And Allah has prohibited the Prophet from feeling sadness or grief for those who did not enter into the religion of Islam, both in the beginning of Islam and at the end of it, likewise, the believer has also is not allowed feel sorrow for them nor is he allowed to worry about their plots and plans (against him).

Most of the people, see (harms and trials) as Munkar (an evil), or when their situation changes (due to harms and trials) many of them become sorrowful and wail, just like (we see when) the people (are tested by) calamities/disasters, and yet they have been prohibited from doing that. But rather, they have been commanded to have patience (with what Allah has decreed) and to have Tawakkul (reliance and trust) in Allah, and to be steadfast in the Din of Islam, and those who have faith in Allah and have Taqwa (fear; piety) in Allah, they are the people of Ihsan (the highest level of Iman) and this is the recompense of Taqwa.

Whatever calamities befall them, it is a consequence of their sins, so have patient perseverance, for indeed Wa'ad (the Promise) of Allah is true, so seek Istighfar (forgiveness) from Allah for your sins, and Hamd (glorify) your Lord with best of Tasbih (praise) in Asr (the middle of the day) and in Fajir (the early morning).

And the saying of Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam):
ثم يعود غريبا كما بدأ "And it will once again return as something strange!..", has two possible meanings.

Firstly, that Islam will, at a particular time or in a particular place return to being something strange at that time or at that place, then it will once again become manifest (and dominant), such as occurred in the beginning of Islam then it became known (and dominant).

And (Rasulullah) sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said about this:
سيعود غريبا كما بدأ "It will return to being something strange as it was in the beginning!.." meaning that in the beginning of Islam it was strange and it was something which the people had no knowledge of, and then it became something known about and manifest, and like that (the cycle will repeat itself and) it will again become unknown again and then become known and apparent once more. So when it first appears very few people will have knowledge of it, just as it was in the beginning.

The second possible meaning is that, at the end of the world there will be no Muslims remaining, except for a very small amount.

And this will happen only after the appearance of the al-Masih ud-Dajjaal (Anti-Christ), and the Ya'juj (Gog) and Ma'juj (Magog) very close to the Hour (i.e., the end of the world). Allah will send a gentle breeze which will take the souls of every believer, male and female then after this, the Hour will be established.

And (Nabi) sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said that before this happens:

لا تزال طائفة من أمتي ظاهرين على الحق لا يضرهم من خالفهم ولا من خذلهم حتى تقوم الساعة

"There will always be Taifah (a group) from my Ummah (i.e., Islamic nation) manifest (victorious or established) upon the Haqq (truth). They will not be harmed by those who oppose them, nor by those who abandon them, (and they will remain) up until the Hour (i.e., Qiyamah) is established." And this Hadith is in the Sahihayn (two Sahih collections).

And similarly from many aspects, the truthful and the believed (Nabi sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) informed us that there will always be a protected group from this Ummah upon the truth and distinguished (and victorious). They will not be harmed by the one who opposes them, nor by the one who abandons them.

And this will occur when those who remain (upon the truth) with be despised and will be strangers in the earth, and all of this will occur before the Hour (Qiyamah) is established, and the Hour will not be established until this has occurred.

His (Rasulullah sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) statement:
ثم يعود غريبا كما بدأ "Then it will return strange as it was it the beginning." The most severe (period) of strangeness is when the people who entered into Islam, Irtidad (apostate) from from it. (Allah) Ta'ala has said:

من يرتد منكم عن دينه فسوف يأتي الله بقوم يحبهم ويحبونه أذلة على المؤمنين أعزة على الكافرين يجاهدون في سبيل الله ولا يخافون لومة لائم

"And whoever from amongst you apostates from his Din, Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Allah, they will be humble towards the believers and stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the path of Allah, not fearing the blame of the blamers!.." (al-Ma'idah 5/54), they are the ones who establish the Din, whilst the others are apostatizing from Islam.

Similarly, it (i.e., Islam) always begins are something strange, and does not become strong until after is becomes widespread, and this (cycle) has occurred in many different places and many different times, just like in the time of Umar ibn Abd'il Aziz (rahimahullah) then he became the ruler.

At that time, (Ghurabaa) the strangers were; strangers to the Muslims, who (in turn) were strangers to the (non-Muslim) people, to the point where there were (Muslim) people who did not (even) know that intoxicants are prohibited. So through Umar ibn Abdi'l-Aziz, Allah Azza wa Jalla made known to the people that which had become (obscure and) strange to them.

And it is (authentically narrated) in the Sunnan (Abu Dawud) that (Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said):

إن الله يبعث لهذه الأمة في رأس كل مائة سنة من يجدد لها دينها

"At the head of every century, Allah will send to this Ummah, Mujaddid (a person who will revive) for the Ummah, their Din." (Abu Dawud; Hakim, al-Mustadrak), and revival can only occur after something has been extinguished, and this (extinguished state) is (also) from the strangeness of Islam.

And one of benefits that a Muslim can derive from this Hadith is, not to be worried about the small amount of people who understand the realities of Islam, or to feel any tightness (sadness) in his chest because of that, and not to have any doubt in the (correctness of the) Din of Islam, as this was just how it was in the beginning of Islam, and (Allah) Ta'ala says (about this):

فإن كنت في شك مما أنزلنا إليك فاسأل الذين يقرءون الكتاب من قبلك

"And if you are in any doubt about that which We have revealed to you, then ask those who have read the Book before you." (Yunus 10/94), this and other verses are evidences which prove the correctness of Islam.

And this is just like the strangeness of the one who is in need of evidences and proofs, up until he finds that which he needs from the evidences, just as it was (for the people) in the beginning of Islam. And He (Allah Ta'ala) said:

أفغير الله أبتغي حكما وهو الذي أنزل إليكم الكتاب مفصلا والذين آتيناهم الكتاب يعلمون أنه منزل من ربك بالحق فلا تكونن من الممترين وتمت كلمة ربك صدقا وعدلا لا مبدل لكلماته وهو السميع العليم وإن تطع أكثر من في الأرض يضلوك عن سبيل الله إن يتبعون إلا الظن وإن هم إلا يخرصون

"Say: Shall I seek for judge other than Allah? - when He it is Who hath sent unto you the Book, explained in detail. They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it hath been sent down from thy Lord in truth. Never be then of those who doubt. The Word of thy Lord doth find its fulfillment in truth and in justice: None can change His Words: for He is the One who heareth and knoweth all. Wert thou to follow the common run of those on earth, they will lead thee away from the way of Allah. They follow nothing but conjecture: they do nothing but lie." (al-An'am 6/114-116) And (Allah) says:

أم تحسب أن أكثرهم يسمعون أو يعقلون إن هم إلا كالأنعام بل هم أضل سبيلا

"Or, do you think that most of them hear and understand, they are like cattle, rather, they are [even more] astray from our path." (al-Furqan 25/44)

And (this is a proof that) the strangeness may happen to a part of the Shari'ah (divine legislation). And this (has) happened in different places (in the Muslim lands). In many places, a part of the Shari'ah would become hidden (unknown) to the people until it becomes something strange amongst them, up until nobody among them has any knowledge of the Shari'ah except one person who then passes that knowledge to another.

So along with this is, Tuba (glad tidings, delight and paradise that was referred in the Hadith) to the one who holds firmly unto the (divinely legislated) Shari'ah, as he has been ordered to do by Allah and His Rasul (Messenger sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam), he should manifest the Shari'ah and order and command with it and prevent the one who opposes it, according to his ability and strength.

Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said (in Sahih Muslim):

من رأى منكم منكرا فليغيره بيده فإن لم يستطع فبلسانه فإن لم يستطع فبقلبه ليس وراء ذلك من الإيمان حبة خردل

"Whoever sees an evil, let him prevent it with his hand, and if he is unable, then with his tongue, and if he is unable, then with his heart, and beyond that there is not (even) a mustard seed amount of faith."

Whenever something bad, from Qadr (the decree of Allah), befalls the people in this worldly life or in Akhirah ( the hereafter), this does not contradict Wa'ad (the Promise) of Allah to His Messenger or those who followed him (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) but rather it occurs due to the sins of the people and due to their deficiencies in their Islam, such as the defeat that befell them on the Day of (the Battle of) Uhud.

(Allah) Ta'ala has (promised):

إنا لننصر رسلنا والذين آمنوا في الحياة الدنيا ويوم يقوم الأشهاد

"Indeed it is incumbent upon us to assist Our Messengers and those who believe, (assisting them) in this worldly life and on the Day of Witnessing." (al-Mu'min 40/51) and (Allah) Ta'ala also said:

ولقد سبقت كلمتنا لعبادنا المرسلين إنهم لهم المنصورون وإن جندنا لهم الغالبون

"And verily, Our Word has proceeded for Our Servants, the Messengers, that they would be made to be victorious, and they would be the one who overcome (their enemies and obstacles)." (Saffat 37/171-173)

This is from the narrations of Allah Ta'ala, about the previous Prophets and those who followed them. Allah assisted them and saved them, and destroyed their enemies as an example, Wallahu A'lam (and Allah knows best)!..

If it is said regarding the saying of (Allah) Tabaraka wa Ta'ala:

من يرتد منكم عن دينه فسوف يأتي الله بقوم يحبهم ويحبونه

“Whoever from among you  apostates from his Din, Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him!..” (al-Ma'idah 5/54) that this address is specific to that first generation only, as well as the  saying of  (Allah) Ta'ala:

وعد الله الذين آمنوا منكم وعملوا الصالحات ليستخلفنهم في الأرض كما استخلف الذين من قبلهم

“Allah has promised to those amongst them who believe and perform righteous actions, that we will establish them on the Earth, just as we did those came before them.” (an-Nur 24/55)

then Nabi sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam has explained (in the authentic Ahadith) that they are the people of Yemen who enter into Islam when the apostates from the Arabs apostatized from it and it is also evidence that at the end of time there will not remain a single believer (on the Earth).

It is said regarding the statement of (Allah) Tabaraka wa Ta'ala:
يا أيها الذين آمنوا “O you who believe!”, that it is addressed to every believer that it is conveyed to, just as any other address in the Qur'an, for example, when (Allah) Ta'ala says:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا قمتم إلى الصلاة

“ O you who believe, when you (intend to) pray...” (al-Ma'idah 5/6), and other such examples and that is (what is correct) with regards to the saying of Allah Ta'ala:

وعد الله الذين آمنوا منكم

“Allah has promised to those amongst them who believe...” (an-Nur 24/55)

And these two events have occurred, just as Allah Azza wa Jallah has informed us.

Whenever a Taifah (group) Irtidad (apostate) from Islam, Allah brings a people whom He loves, fighting in his cause and they are the victorious group up until the Hour (Qiyamah) is established.

And this has been shown in what has been mentioned regarding the prohibition of Muwalat (allegiance) with the disbelievers. (Allah) Ta'ala has said:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تتخذوا اليهود والنصارى أولياء بعضهم أولياء بعض ومن يتولهم منكم فإنه منهم إن الله لا يهدي القوم الظالمين فترى الذين في قلوبهم مرض يسارعون فيهم يقولون نخشى أن تصيبنا دائرة فعسى الله أن يأتي بالفتح أو أمر من عنده فيصبحوا على ما أسروا في أنفسهم نادمين - إلى قوله - يا أيها الذين آمنوا من يرتد منكم عن دينه فسوف يأتي الله بقوم يحبهم ويحبونه

“O you who believe, do not take the Jews or the Christians as allies, they are allies to one another. And whoever from amongst you takes them as allies then he is one of them. Indeed Allah does not guide the people who are oppressors. And you see the people in whose hearts they have a disease (hypocrisy) hastening towards them and they say: We fear that a calamity may befall us! Perhaps Allah will bring about a victory or a decision by His divine will. Then they will become regretful for what they have been secretly hiding within themselves." (al-Ma'idah 5/51) up until His (Allah) saying: “O you who believe, whoever from among you  apostates from his Din, Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him.” (al-Ma'idah 5/53-54)

So the ones being addressed with regards to the prohibition of taking the Jews and Christians as allies, are the same as those being addressed regarding apostasy. And it is known (in the science of Tafsir), that this address encompasses every generation of this Ummah.

And the verses regarding the prohibition of taking the disbelievers as allies, explains that the one who does that, from those being addressed in the verse, becomes one of them. Meaning, the one who takes them as allies has apostatized from the Din of Islam, and Islam is not harmed by that at all.

Rather, Allah will bring a group whom he loves and they will love him. They will take the believers as their allies, not the disbelievers, and they will fight in the path of Allah, and they will not fear the blame of the blamers. And (Allah) has said about the beginning of Amr (Islam):

فإن يكفر بها هؤلاء فقد وكلنا بها قوما ليسوا بها بكافرين

“And if they disbelieve in it, then indeed, We have entrusted it to a people who are not disbelievers.” (al-An'am 6/89)

So these (in this Ayah i.e., verse) are the ones who do not enter in Islam, and those (in the previous Ayah) are the ones who exit from Islam after they have entered it, and they do not harm Islam in any way at all. Rather, Allah will establish whoever believes in what Allah has sent to His Rasul (Messenger), and Allah will support his Din, up until the Hour (Qiyamah) is established.

And the people of Yemen (mentioned earlier), were from those whom Allah sent at that time of apostasy, however, this does not mean that that this verse in specific to them, neither does the Hadith indicate that it is specific to them, but rather Allah has informed us, that he will bring other than the people of Yemen, for example the progeny of the Persians (al-Farisi). And the promise of Allah is not specific to them, rather (Allah) Ta'ala has said:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا ما لكم إذا قيل لكم انفروا في سبيل الله اثاقلتم إلى الأرض أرضيتم بالحياة الدنيا من الآخرة فما متاع الحياة الدنيا في الآخرة إلا قليل إلا تنفروا يعذبكم عذابا أليما ويستبدل قوما غيركم ولا تضروه شيئا والله على كل شيء قدير

“O you who believe! What is the matter with you, when you are called to march in the path of Allah you cling heavily to the earth? Are you pleased with the life of this world rather than the Akhirah (Hereafter)? But little is the enjoyment of the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter. If you do not march forward, He will punish you severely and will replace you with another people, and you cannot harm Him at all, and Allah is Able to do all things.” (at-Tawbah 9/38-39)

And this verse is also addressed to every generation (of Muslimin i.e., Muslims). So (Allah Ta'ala) was informed in this verse that whoever turns away from marching to the Jihaad will be severely punished and they will be replaced with a people who will perform the Jihaad. And this is the reality (of the affair). Just as (Allah Ta'ala) stated in another Ayah (verse):

هاأنتم هؤلاء تدعون لتنفقوا في سبيل الله فمنكم من يبخل ومن يبخل فإنما يبخل عن نفسه والله الغني وأنتم الفقراء وإن تتولوا يستبدل قوما غيركم ثم لا يكونوا أمثالكم

“Behold! You are those who are called to spend in the path of Allah, among you are some who are miserly. And whoever is miserly, it is only at the expense of his own-self. But Allah is Rich, and you are  the needy. And if you turn away, He will replace you with some other people, and they will not be like you.” (Muhammad 47/38)

So (Allah) Ta'ala informs us that whoever turn away from performing Jihaad himself or spending in the path of Allah, he will be replaced. This is the condition of the cowards, Allah replaces them with people who support and aid Islam and they spend from their wealth to it.

So what is the condition of the person who is a born Muslim and then he apostates from it? (The answer) Allah will bring a people whom He loves and they love Him. They will we humble towards the believers and harsh towards the disbelievers, and they will fight in the path of Allah, and they will not fear the blame of the blamers.

And this can be found with the people of Knowledge, the people of worship, the people of fighting (Jihaad) and the people of wealth. Amongst these four groups are believers who fight and are victorious up until the Hour is established, just as there are, from among these four groups, those who apostate or turn away from performing the Jihaad and supporting it with their wealth. As (Allah) Ta'ala has said about this:

وعد الله الذين آمنوا منكم وعملوا الصالحات ليستخلفنهم في الأرض

“Allah has promised to those amongst them who believe and perform righteous actions, that We will establish them on the Earth, just as We did those came before them.” (an-Nur 24/55)

So this is a promise which is applicable to all those who possess the attributes that Allah has described them with, just as those who possessed those attributes from the first generations of Muslims were established in the Earth and given an Islamic State, as He had promised. And if a generation after them possesses these attributes, Allah will rectify their faith and their actions for them.

And whoever perfects his faith and performs Salih (righteous) Amal (actions), then Allah will Tamkin (establish) them in the Earth, just as He has mentioned in the end of the Ayah. And if they have deficiencies or short-comings, then their establishment will be deficient according to the level of their deficiencies and short-comings. And this is a recompense for their actions. So, whoever does these Salih Amal (righteous actions), it will be their right to be recompensed by Allah for that.

However, no later generation can ever (completely) resemble the first generation of Muslims (Sahaba). So certainly, no later generation can ever be as established in the Earth like the first generation of Muslims were. And (Nabi) sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam has said:

خير القرون القرن الذين بعثت فيهم ثم الذين يلونهم ثم الذين يلونهم

“The best generation are the generation that I have been sent to, then the next best, are those who come after them, then the next best, are those who come after them.” (Bukhari; Muslim)

However, there will be those (who perform these righteous actions) after that first generation, as has occurred with some parts of the believers in some places. And this is something that is known in every era of time.

And it comes to the saying of (Rasulullah) sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam:

إن الله يبعث ريحا تقبض روح كل مؤمن

“Indeed, Allah will sent a gentle breeze which will take the souls of every believer.” (Muslim; Tirmidhi) This does not occur due to apostasy, but rather this is how the believers (at that time) will die. And (Rasulullah sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not say: “...when every believer dies.”, (after this breeze) Allah will replace those people with another. Verily, Allah has promised this when some of the people apostate from their Din.

And this (Hadith) is evidence to show that the Ummah (Islamic nation) will never reach consensus upon Dallalah (misguidance), nor will the entire Ummah apostate from the Din. Rather, there is no doubt that Allah will cause a group of believers to remain, and they will be victorious up until the Hour (Qiyamah) is established. And when every believer has died, then the Hour will be established after that.

Bu, ‘ilim’ hadisinde geçtiği gibidir ve Abdullah ibni Ömer (radiyallahu anhuma ecmain)’den sahih olarak rivayet edilen meşhur hadise göre Nebi (sallallahu aleyhi ve sellem) şöyle buyurmuştur:

And this is similar to the Mashhur (famous) Hadith of “al-Ilm (knowledge)”, and this is known to be Sahih on the authority Abdullah ibn Umar (radiyallahu anhuma ajmain) from Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) who said:

إن الله لا يقبض العلم انتزاعا ينتزعه من الناس ولكن يقبض العلم بقبض العلماء . فإذا لم يبق عالم اتخذ الناس رؤساء جهالا فسئلوا فأفتوا بغير علم فضلوا وأضلوا

“Indeed Allah does remove Ilm (the knowledge of Islam) from the people, but rather Allah remove Ilm (the knowledge) by removing Ulama (pl., Alim; the Scholars), up until there will not remain a single Alim (Scholar=. Then the people will take as (religious) leaders Juhala (ignoramuses). They will ask them for Fatawa (legal verdicts) and they will give them Fatawa (legal verdicts) without knowledge. So they will be misguided and they will misguide others.” (Bukhari; Muslim)

And regarding the Hadith of (Abdullah) ibn Mas'ud (radiyallahu anh) and other than him, who said (that Rasulullah said):

يسري على القرآن فلا يبقى في المصاحف منه آية ولا في الصدور منه آية

“The Qur'an will be removed, so that there will not be a single verse remaining in the Musaahif nor will there be a single verse remaining the the breasts (of people).”

If it is said that this Hadith contradicts the previous Hadith, then we say, it does not (contradict). The removal of the Qur'an is not the same as the removal of Ilm (knowledge) and the evidence is the previous Hadith (as that is how knowledge will be removed at that time).

هذا أوان يقبض العلم . فقال بعض الأنصار : وكيف يقبض وقد قرأنا القرآن وأقرأناه نساءنا وأبناءنا ؟ فقال : ثكلتك أمك إن كنت لأحسبك لمن أفقه أهل المدينة أو ليست التوراة والإنجيل عند اليهود والنصارى ؟ فماذا يغني عنهم ؟

(Upon hearing the above Hadith) one of the Ansaar (Ziyaadh), asked: “How can it be removed, when we read the Qur'an, and we read the Qur'an to our wives and our children? Then (Rasulullah sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) replied: May your mother be bereaved of you! I always counted you amongst the knowledgeable Fuqaha (jurists) of the people of Madinah. Don't the Jews and the Christians have with them the Tawrat (Torah) and the Injil (Gospel), and yet it does not benefit them?” (Ibn  Majah; Ahmad, Musnad)

So this Hadith explains that, just because they are people who have memorized the Kitaab (book i.e., the Qur'an), it does not necessitate that they have knowledge, and the Qur'an is read by both Munafiqun (the hypocrite) and Mu'min (the believer). The Qur'an is also read by the uneducated reader who does not understand what he is reading, except for a little.

Hasan al-Basri (rahimahullah) said:

العلم علمان : علم في القلب وعلم على اللسان . فعلم القلب هو العلم النافع وعلم اللسان حجة الله على عباده

“Knowledge is of two types. The knowledge of the heart and the knowledge of the tongue. The knowledge which is in the heart, is the knowledge which benefits. And the knowledge which is on the tongues is Hujjah (an evidence) for Allah upon his servants."

So when the knowledge is removed by the death of Ulama (the Scholars), there will remain people reciting the Qur'an without any knowledge and Allah will remove it from the Musaahif and their chests.

Thus it is like the Hadith of Hudhayfah (radiyallahu anh) in the Sahihayn, regarding the removal of honesty/trustworthiness, wherein he said:

الرجل ينام النومة فتقبض الأمانة من قلبه فيظل أثرها مثل الوكت . ثم ينام النومة فتقبض الأمانة من قلبه فيظل أثرها مثل أثر المجل كجمر دحرجته على رجلك فتراه منتبرا وليس فيه شيء

“A man will go to sleep and al-Amanah (the honesty) will be taken away from his heart, and only its trace will remain, like the trace of a burn. He will then sleep again, wherein the remainder of the honesty will also be taken away and its trace will be like a blister burn, which (in reality) is empty.”

So it is said that, the removal of al-Amanah (the honesty) and Iman is not like the removal of Ilm (knowledge). A person can have Iman, whilst he is deficient in his knowledge. And this is the type of (weak) Iman which is removed from the chests of men. And this is like the Iman of Bani Isra'il (the children of Isra'il) when they saw the calf.

But the person whose Iman is based upon Ilm (knowledge), that is the type of (strong) Iman that is not removed from the chest, and similarly this type of person never apostates from al-Islam ever, unlike the one who possesses the Qur'an (without knowledge) or the one who possesses Iman (without knowledge), and these are the ones whom it is removed from. And this is the reality (that is witnessed). However, most of those who apostate from Islam, have the Qur'an but no knowledge or Iman, or they have Iman, but no knowledge or (understanding of the) Qur'an. But the one who has knowledge of the Qur'an, and has Iman based upon knowledge, then this is the type of knowledge and Iman which is not removed from the chests.

Wallahu A'lam (and Allah knows best)!.."
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."