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Author Topic: THE CREED OF IMM ASH-SHFI' (204H)  (Read 986 times)

Fahm'us Salaf

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THE CREED OF IMM ASH-SHFI' (204H)
« on: 31.08.2015, 06:42:40 PM »


The Last Testament of Imm ash-Shfi (204H)1
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Quote from: comment
This testament that is attributed to Imm ash-Shfi Rahimahullh in various sources clearly shows that those who attribute themselves to Imm ash-Shafi and claim the views of the Ashariyyah and even the Jahmiyyah under the banner of Ahl'us Sunnah have nothing to do with Imm ash-Shfi Rahimahullh. Especially in the bolded and underlined parts of this testament Imm ash-Shfi Rahimahullh stated that Allh is above His Arsh (throne) and also stated that mn (faith) is statement and action, it increases and decreases. These statements are the evidences for what we have said.

Chain 1:

We were informed by ash-Shaykh az-Zak Ab Al al-Hasan bin Salmah bin Muhammad al-Harrn who said: we were informed by Ab Ishq Ibrhm bin Muhammad bin Nahbn al-Qanaw ar-Riqq who said: we were informed by Shaykhul Islm Abl Hasan Al bin Ahmad bin Ysuf al-Qurash al-Hakkr who said: we were informed by az-Zhid Ahmad bin sim al-Musil who said we were informed by Abl Fath Al Ibnul Qsim al-Muqr, in Msil that he said: I recorded from the book of Ibnu Hshim al-Balad:

This is what Muhammad bin Idrs ash-Shfi Rahimahullh left as a final testament:

Chain 2:

Shaykhul Islm said: and we were informed by Ab Mansr Muhammad bin Al bin Muhammad Ibnul Hasan bin Sahl bin Khalfah Ibn'us Sabbh al-Balad who said: I was informed by my grandfather Muhammad Ibnul Muhsin bin Sahal bin Khalfah who said: we were informed by Ab Al al-Husayn bin Hishm bin Umar al-Balad who said:

This is the last testament of Muhammad bin Idrs ash-Shfi Rahimahullh, he left as his last testament:

The Text:

That he (i.e., Imm ash-Shfi) bears witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allh Azza wa Jalla, without partners, and that Muhammad Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam is His slave and messenger.
   
And that he believes in Allh, His angels, His books, and His messengers:


لاَ نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّن رُّسُلِهِ
We do not differentiate between any of His messengers. (al-Baqarah 2/285)

قُلْ إِنَّ صَلاَتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَاْ أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ
And that my prayer, my slaughtering, my living, and my dying are for Allh the Lord of the Worlds, He has no partners and this is that with which I have been ordered. (al-Anm 6/162-163)

And that Allh will resurrect those who are in their graves.

And that the Jannah (Paradise) is a reality.

And that Nr (the fire i.e., Hell) is a reality.

And that Adhb'ul Qabr (the punishment of the grave), the taking of account, Mzn (the scale), and Sirt (the bridge) are realities.

And that Allh will take His slaves to account in accordance with their actions.

By Him do I live and die, and by Him will I be resurrected if Allh Wills.

And I bear witness that mn (belief) is made up of statements and actions, and knowledge in the heart, and it increases and decreases.

And that the Qurn is Kalmullh (the Speech of Allh) and it is not Makhlq (created).

And that Allh shall be seen in the hereafter. The believers will see Him directly with the naked eye, and they will hear His Words.

And that He is above His Arsh (throne).

And that Qadr (pre-destination), its Khayr (good) and its Sharr (bad), is from Allh. Nothing will be except that which He Wished, Willed, and Ordained.

And that the best of mankind after Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam is Ab Bakr Radiyallhu Anh, then Umar Radiyallhu Anh, then Uthmn Radiyallhu Anh, then Al bin Ab Tlib Radiyallhu Anh. And I ally with them, I ask forgiveness for them, and for the people of the Battle of the Jamal and the Battle of Siffn, those who killed and those who were killed, as well as for all of Sahbah (the companions) of the Prophet Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam.

And that listening and obedience belongs to those in authority, as long as they pray, and those who are under their leadership should not revolt against them with the sword.

And that Khilfah (caliphate) is for the Quraysh.

And that everything that intoxicates in great amounts is prohibited in small amounts.

That Mutah (Nikh) is prohibited.

And I leave, as my testament, the fear of Allah Subhnahu wa Tal and holding fast to the Sunnah and the narrations from Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam and his companions, and leaving off innovations and desires and staying far away from them.

And:


وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ
Fear Allh as the fear He deserves and do not die unless you are a Muslim. (li Imrn 3/102)

For this is the last testament of Salaf (the early ones) and Khalaf (the later ones).

And that:


وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ
Whoever fears Allh, He will make for him a way out. And He will provide for him from whence he would not expect. (at-Talaq 65/3)

And fear Allh to the best of your ability.

And hold fast to Jumu'ah (Friday Prayer) and the Jam'ah (Congregation Prayer), and hold firmly upon the Sunnah, and mn (Belief), and seeking knowledge of Dn (the religion i.e., Islam).

And whoever is with me (near my death bed) then let him prompt me with: There is no deity worthy of worship but Allh, alone, without partners, and Muhammad Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam is His slave and messenger, and clip my nails and mustache before I die, if Allh Wills it so, and if I am approached by death and there are women around me, then let them leave, and let those who are with me apply oil and perfume upon my bed.

And Shaykhul Islm said: We were informed by Ab Ya'l al-Khall bin Abdullh al-Hfidh who said: We were informed by Ab'l Qsim bin Alqamah al-Abhar who said: We were informed by Abd'ur Rahmn bin Ab Htim ar-Rz, from Ab Shuayb, and Ab Thawr, from Ab Abdullh Muhammad bin Idrs ash-Shfi' Rahimahullh that he said:

That which is said regarding the Sunnah, and that which I am upon and that which I found our companions upon from the people of Hadth upon, those whom I have seen and took from them, like Sufyn (bin Uyaynah) and Mlik, and others is:

The affirmation of the testimony that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allh and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allh, and then he mentioned something, and then he said: And that Allh is upon His throne upon His heavens.

and He (i.e., Allh) comes close to His creation however He Wills.

And that Allh Jalla Jalluhu descends to the lower heaven however He Wills, (and then he mentioned the rest of the beliefs with this chain of narration.)

Abdur Rahmn bin Ab Htim said: We were informed by Ynus bin Abdul A'l who said: I heard Ab Abdullh Muhammad bin Idrs ash-Shfi Rahimahullh say -and he had been asked about the Attributes of Allh Jalla Jalluhu and what he believes- so he said:

That Allh Jalla Jalluhu has Names and Attributes, which were brought by His Book, and He informed His Prophet Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam and his Ummah about them. It is not allowed for anyone from the creation of Allh Jalla Jalluhu can reject them after the proof has been established upon him, because the Qur'n was descended with them, and it has been reported authentically from Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam that he spoke with them, in that which a trustworthy person has narrated from him. And if he opposes this after proof has been established upon him then he is a disbeliever. As for (his situation) before the proof being established upon him then he is excused due to ignorance, because the knowledge of this cannot be perceived by the mind, nor by seeing or pondering, and none commit disbelief by not knowing them except after the authentication of a narration that contains them. And we affirm these Attributes, and we reject any likeness (with the creation) as He negated likeness (with the creation) from Himself as He said:


لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِيرُ
There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Seer, All-Hearer. (ash-Shr 42/11)

And ash-Shfi' Rahimahullh said: The leadership of Ab Bakr Radiyallhu Anh was ordained by Allh Azza wa Jalla from above His heaven, and He united the hearts of the companions of the Prophet Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam in agreement upon it.


Quote from: Footnotes
1- The Last Testament of Imm ash-Shfi' can be found as a whole or partially- in the following books: Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmul Fatw, 4/181-183; Ibnul Qayyim, Ijtimul Juysh; al-Bayhaq, al-Manqib, 1/300-301, 1/415, 1/433; adh-Dhahab, al-Uluw lil Aliyyil Adhm; adh-Dhahab Siyar Almun Nubal; Ab Abdullh Ibnu Batta, al-Ibnah; as-Suyt, al-Amr bil Ittib; Ibnu Ahdal, Kashful Ghit an Haqiqut Tawhd wa Aqidul Muwahhidn; Abul Hasan Al bin Ahmad bin Ysuf al-Hakkr, Itiqdul Imm Ab Abdullh Muhammad bin Idrs ash-Shfi al-Muttalib.
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

 

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