التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: KITĀB’UL KABĀ'IR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)  (Read 4116 times)

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Re: KITAAB’UL KABAAIR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #50 on: 30.11.2018, 12:41:00 AM »
باب ما جاء في ذي الوجهين Chapter on what Came Regarding the Two-Faced Person

The statement of Allāh Ta’ālā in the Āyah,

وَإِذَا لَقُواْ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ قَالُواْ آمَنَّا
“When they meet those who believe, they say: “We believe;””1 (al-Baqarah 2/14)

And He Ta’ālā’s statement in the Āyah,

مُّذَبْذَبِينَ بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ
“(They are) distracted in mind even in the midst of it.”2 (an-Nisā 4/143)

It is narrated from both of them (al-Bukhārī and Muslim) from Abū Hurayrah (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

تجدون أشر الناس ذا الوجهين، الذي يأتي هؤلاء بوجه وهؤلاء بوجه
“You will find that the worst of people (in the sight of Allāh) are the two-faced people who come to these people with one those with another face.” (al-Bukhārī, 6058; Muslim, 2526)

It is narrated from Anas (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

من كان ذا لسانين جعل الله له يوم القيامة لسانين من نار
“He who is two-faced (in this world), Allāh will make him two tongues of fire on Yawm’ul Qiyāmah (the Day of Resurrection).” (narrated from another Sahābah named Ammār bin Yāsir in Abū Dāwūd, 4873)


Quote
Footnotes:

1- The Āyah in full reads,


وَإِذَا لَقُواْ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ قَالُواْ آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْاْ إِلَى شَيَاطِينِهِمْ قَالُواْ إِنَّا مَعَكْمْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُسْتَهْزِئُونَ
“When they meet those who believe, they say: “We believe;” but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say: “We are really with you: We (were) only jesting.”” (al-Baqarah 2/14)

2- The Āyah in full reads,

مُّذَبْذَبِينَ بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ لاَ إِلَى هَـؤُلاء وَلاَ إِلَى هَـؤُلاء وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللّهُ فَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُ سَبِيلاً
“(They are) distracted in mind even in the midst of it,- being (sincerely) for neither one group nor for another whom Allāh leaves straying,- never wilt thou find for him the way.” (an-Nisā 4/143)
Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

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Re: KITAAB’UL KABAAIR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #51 on: 11.12.2018, 03:09:55 AM »
باب ما جاء في النميمة Chapter on what Came Regarding Calumny

The statement of Allāh Ta’ālā,

هَمَّازٍ مَشَّاءٍ بِنَمِيمٍ
“A slanderer, going about with calumnies.” (al-Qalam 68/11)

It is narrated from Hudhayfah (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

لا يدخل الجنة نمام
“The calumniator (tale-bearer) will not enter Jannah (Paradise).” (Muslim Hadīth no. 105)

It is narrated from both of them (al-Bukhārī and Muslim) in the Hadīth of “al-Qabrayn (the two-graves)”,

إنهما ليعذَّبان وما يعذَّبان في كبير؛ بلى إنه كبير. أما أحدهما فكان لا يستبرئ من البول وأما الآخر فكان يمشي بالنميمة
“Verily, they are not being punished for a great thing (in the people’s sight): indeed it (their sins) are great (in the sight of Allāh). As for one of them, he did not free himself from (being soiled) with urine. As for the other, he would go about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends).” (al-Bukhārī, Hadīth no. 218, 1361; Muslim, Hadīth no. 292)

It is narrated from Muslim from Ibnu Mas’ūd (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

ألا هل أنبئكم ما العضة؟ هي النميمة، القالة بين الناس
“Should I inform you what slandering is? It is calumny: tale-carrying between people.” (Muslim, Hadīth no. 2606)
Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

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Re: KITAAB’UL KABAAIR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #52 on: 21.12.2018, 09:54:49 PM »
باب ما جاء في البهتان Chapter on what Came Regarding Slandering

The statement of Allāh Ta’ālā in the Āyah,

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ
“And those who annoy believing men and women...1” (al-Ahzāb 33/58)

It is narrated from Ibnu Umar (Radiyallāhu Anhumā) in a Marfū Hadīth,

من قال في مؤمن ما ليس فيه أسكنه الله ردغة الخبال حتى يخرج مما قال. قيل: يا رسول الله! وما ردغة الخبال؟ قال: عصارة أهل النار
“Whoever makes an untruthful accusation against a Mu’min (believer), Allāh will abide him in “Radghat’ul Khabāl” until he retracts his statement.” [It was said, “O Rasūlullāh! What is “Radghat’ul Khabāl”?” He said, “The drippings of the Ahl’un Nār (the people of the fire, i.e. Jahannam).”2]3 Abū Dāwūd narrated it with its Sanad (chain of narration).

It is narrated from Muslim from Abū Hurayrah (Radiyallāhu Ta’ālā Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

أتدرون ما الغيبة؟ قالوا: الله ورسوله أعلم. قال: ذكرك أخاك بما يكره. قيل: وإن كان في أخي ما أقول؟ قال: إن كان فيه ما تقول فقد اغتبته، وإن لم يكن فيه ما تقول فقد بَهتَّه
“Do you know what is backbiting?” They (the Sahābah) said: “Allāh and His Rasūl know best.” He (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, “Mentioning your brother by that which he does not like.” It was said, “Even if what I say is (actually) in my brother?” He said, “If what you say is (actually) found in him, then you have backbitten him, and if what you say is not found in him, then you have slandered him.” (Muslim, Hadīth no: 2589)


Quote
Footnotes:

1- The Āyah in full reads,


وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ بِغَيْرِ مَا اكْتَسَبُوا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلُوا بُهْتَاناً وَإِثْماً مُّبِيناً
“And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear (on themselves) a calumny and a glaring sin” (al-Ahzāb 33/58)

2- Al-Awzā’ī (Rahimahullāh) stated that “Radghat’ul Khabāl” is “The pus of Ahl’un Nār.” (at-Tabarānī, Mu’jam’ul Kabīr, Hadīth no: 14550)

3- The first part of the Hadīth is narrated in Abū Dāwūd, Hadīth no: 3597. We were not able to find the Hadīth as narrated by the Mu’allif. However, the portion in parantheses is narrated in a seperate Hadīth in Ibnu Mājah, Hadīth no: 3377. In another Nushah (copy) of the book the portion in parantheses is not found. Wallāhu A’lam.
Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

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Re: KITAAB’UL KABAAIR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #53 on: 09.01.2019, 02:42:59 AM »
باب ما جاء في اللعن Chapter on what Came Regarding Cursing

It is narrated from Abū’d Dardā Radiyallāhu Taālā Anh in a Marfū Hadīth,

إن العبد إذا لعن شيئا صعدت اللعنة إلى السماء، فتغلق أبواب السماء دونها، ثم تهبط إلى الأرض، فتغلق أبوابها دونها. ثم تأخذ يمينا وشمالا، فإذا لم تجد مساغا رجعت إلى صاحبها الذي لعن؛ فإن كان أهلا، وإلا رجعت إلى قائلها
“When a servant curses anything, the curse goes up to the Samā (heaven), thus the gates of the Samā (heaven) are locked against it. Then it comes down to the Ardh (earth), so the gates of the Ardh are locked against it. Then it goes right and left: when it finds no place of entrance it returns to the thing which was cursed, and if it deserves what was said (it enters it), otherwise it returns to the one who uttered it.” (Abū Dāwūd, Hadīth no. 4905)

Abū Dāwūd narrated it with a Jayyid (good) Sanad (chain of narration). It also has a witness with Ahmad in a Hasan (good) Sanad from the Hadīth of Ibnu Mas’ūd. Abū Dāwūd and other than him also recorded it from the Hadīth of Ibnu Mas’ūd: its narration is Thiqāt (reliable); however, it is defected by transmission.

It is narrated from Muslim from Abū Barzah Radiyallāhu Anh in a Marfū Hadīth that a women cursed her she-camel. So Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam said,


لا تصحبنا ناقة عليها لعنة
“The she-camel that has been cursed should not accompany us.” (Muslim, Hadīh no. 48, with slightly different wording, 47, 2595, 3006-3014)

It is also narrated from him (Muslim) from Imrān and others.
Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

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Re: KITAAB’UL KABAAIR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #54 on: 26.01.2019, 01:02:41 AM »
باب ما جاء في إفشاء السر Chapter on what Came Regarding Disclosing a Secret

It is narrated from Abū Sa’īd (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

إن من أشر الناس منْزلة عند الله يوم القيامة الرجل يفضي إلى المرأة وتفضي إليه، ثم ينشر أحدهما سر صاحبه
“Verily, from amongst the most evil people in status according to Allāh on Yawm’ul Qiyāmah is the man who who goes to his wife and she comes to him, and then one of them divulges the secret of his companion (or vice-versa).” (Muslim Hadīth no. 1437)

In another narration (it says) that

أن من أعظم الأمانات
“from amongst the greatest of trusts is (...)” (Muslim Hadīth no. 1437)

It is narrated from Jābir (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

إذا حدث الرجل بالحديث ثم التفت، فهي أمانة
“When a man narrates something, then he looks around, then it is a trust.” (at-Tirmidhī, Hadīth no. 1959; Abū Dāwūd, Hadīth no. 4868) at-Tirmidhī (graded it) “Hasan (good)”.

It is narrated in Ahmad from Abū’d Dardā (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

من سمع من رجل حديثا لا يحب أن يذكر عنه فهو أمانة وإن لم يستكتمه
“Whosoever hears something from a man which he would not like to be mentioned: then it is a trust upon him (the listener), even if he was not asked to keep it a secret.” (Musnad Ahmad, Hadīth no. 27509)
Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

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Re: KITAAB’UL KABAAIR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #55 on: 11.02.2019, 03:02:26 AM »
باب لعن المسلم Chapter on Cursing a Muslim

It is narrated from Thābit Ibn’ud Dahhāk (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

لعن المسلم كقتله
“Cursing a Muslim is like killing him.”1 Both of them (al-Bukhārī and Muslim) recorded it.

It is also narrated from al-Bukhārī from Abū Hurayrah (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth that they beat-up a man who had drunken alcohol. When he departed, some people said, “May Allāh disgrace you!” He He (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

لا تقولوا هذا، لا تعينوا عليه الشيطان
“Do not say so; do not help Shaytān overpower him!” (al-Bukhārī, Hadīth no. 6777)

Quote
Footnotes:

1- Narrated with a slightly different wording in al-Bukhārī, Hadīth no. 6047, 6105, 6652; Muslim, Hadīth no. 110.
Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

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Re: KITĀB’UL KABĀ'IR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #56 on: 16.02.2019, 03:16:02 AM »
باب تأكده في الأموات Chapter on Saying Bad about the Deceased

It is narrated from Ā’ishah (Radiyallāhu Anhā) in a Marfū Hadīth,

لا تسبوا الأموات، فإنهم قد أفضوا إلى ما قدموا
“Do not abuse the dead, for verily, they have attained what they forwarded.” (al-Bukhārī, Hadīth no: 1393, 1564, and 6516; and an-Nasā’ī, Hadīth no: 1636)

It was narrated by al-Bukhārī.
Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

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Re: KITĀB’UL KABĀ'IR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #57 on: 06.03.2019, 12:58:55 AM »
باب ذكر قول يا عدو الله، أو يا فاسق، أو يا كافر، ونحوه Chapter on the Statment, “O Enemy of Allāh”, “O Fāsiq (Corrupted)”, “O Kāfir (Disbeliever)” and its like

It is narrated from Abū Dhar (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

لا يرمي رجل رجلا بالفسوق، ولا يرميه بالكفر، إلا ارتدت عليه إن لم يكن صاحبه كذلك
“A man does not acuse another man with Fusūq (corruptness), or he deos not acuse him with Kufr (disbelief), except that it will return upon him (the accuser) if his companion (the accused) is not like this.” (al-Bukhārī, Hadīth no: 6045)

It was narrated by al-Bukhārī.

It is narrated from Samūrah (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,


لا تلاعنوا بلعنة الله، ولا بغضبه، ولا بالنار
“Do not curse (each other) with Allāh’s curse, His anger, or with the Nār (Fire, i.e. Jahannam).” (at-Tirmidhī, Hadīth no: 1976; Abū Dāwūd, Hadīth no: 4906)

At-Tirmidhī graded it Sahīh. It is narrated from both of them (al-Bukhārī and Muslim) from Abū Dhar (Radiyallāhu Anh) in a Marfū Hadīth,

من دعا رجلا بالكفر أو قال: عدو الله، وليس كذلك، إلا حار عليه
“Whoever calls a man with Kufr or says “O enemy of Allāh!”, while he (the accused) is not like that, such an accusation will revert to him (the accuser).” (al-Bukhārī with similair wording, Hadīth no: 6045; Muslim, Hadīth no: 61)
Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

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Re: KITĀB’UL KABĀ'IR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #58 on: 26.03.2019, 01:13:33 AM »
باب ما جاء في لعن الرجل والديه Chapter on What Came Regarding a Man Cursing His Parents

It is narrated from Ibnu Umar (Radiyallāhu Anhumā) in a Marfū Hadīth,

من أكبر الكبائر أن يلعن الرجل والديه. قيل يا رسول الله كيف يلعن الرجل والديه؟ قال: يسب أبا الرجل. فيسب أباه، ويسب أمه فيسب أمه
“A man’s cursing his parents is from amongst the greatest of al-Kabā’ir.” It was said, “O Rasūlullāh! How does a man curse his parents?” He said, “He abuses the father of another man, who in turn abuses his father. And he abuses his mother and he in turn abuses his mother..” (al-Bukhārī, Hadīth no: 5973; Muslim, Hadīth no: 90)

Both of them (al-Bukhārī and Muslim) recorded it.
Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

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Re: KITĀB’UL KABĀ'IR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Reply #59 on: 11.04.2019, 03:11:39 AM »
باب النهي عن دعوى الجاهلية Chapter on the Prohibition of the Call of Jāhiliyyah (Non-Islāmic Call)

(It is narrated in a Hadīth that)

ولما قال المهاجري يا للمهاجري! وقال الأنصاري يا للأنصار! قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أبدعوى الجاهلية وأنا بين أظهركم؟ وغضب لذلك غضبا شديدا
“When the Muhājirī (person from the Muhājirīn; the companions who emigrated) said “O (Muhājir help me!)” to the other Muhājirī and the Ansārī (person from the Ansār; the helpers) said “O (Ansār help me!)” to the other Ansārī, Rasūlullāh (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, “Are you (calling each other) with the call of Jāhiliyyah while I am with you?” And he (Sallallāhu Alayhi wa Sallam) became extremely angry wtih this.
(with similair wording al-Bukhārī Hadīth no: 3518, 4905, 4907; Muslim, Hadīth no: 2584; at-Tirmidhī, Hadīth no: 3315)

Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullāh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Ālim (scholar) recognizes the Jāhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jāhil. The Jāhil does not recognize the Ālim since he has never been an Ālim." (Shaykh'ul Islām Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmū'ul Fatāwā, 13/235)

 

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