التوحيد at-Tawhid

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Ummah

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THE PURPOSE OF FASTING & ITS BENEFITS
« on: 31.05.2016, 04:58:19 PM »
الْمَقْصُودُ مِنَ الصِّيَامِ وَفَوَائِدُهُ
The Purpose of Fasting and its Benefits

Ibn’ul Qayyim al-Jawziyyah, Zaad’ul Ma’ad, 2/27-28

بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

"The objective behind fasting is to restrain Nafs (the soul) from (its) Shahuwaat (pl., Shahwah; desires) and to prevent it from those things, which are beloved to it. And its purpose is to control the soul’s strength, so that it can be prepared to attain what is found in it (the fast) from success and joy for the soul. Through the fast, one curbs his hunger and thirst and is reminded of the condition of the hungry stomachs of Masaakin (pl., Miskin; needy people).

Through fasting, one narrows the passages Shaytaan (the Devil) has inside the servant (of Allah) by narrowing the passages of food and drink. Also, it prevents the forces of the limbs from getting too accustomed to things that are harmful to it in Dunya (worldly life) and Akhirah (the Hereafter). And each of the soul’s body limbs and energies can cease their rebelliousness (to Allah) and be harnessed by its bridle. So therefore, the fast is the bridle of those who fear and obey Allah and the shield of those wage war (against desires). And it is a garden for Abrar (the righteous) and Mukarrab (devoted) servants of Allah. And it is for Rabb’il A’lamin (the Lord of the worlds), over all other actions (done to please sincerely to Allah).1

This is since the person who fasts, in fact does nothing (wrong). He only abandons his Shahwah (desire) and his food for the sake of his Ma’bud (the One whom he worships). So fasting is an abandonment of those things that the soul loves and desires, preferring instead Allah’s love and contentment. And it is a secret kept between the servant and his Lord; no one else is aware of it. Ibaad (the slaves) may recognize the person whom is fasting abandoning things that nullify ones fast in Dhaahir (the apparent) however his abandoning eating, drinking and his Shahwah for his Ma’bud is something no man recognizes. This is the truth of fasting.

Fasting has an amazing effect in preserving one’s Dhaahir (outer limbs) and Baatin (inner) capacities as well as protecting the soul from being overtaken by destructive components, which can ruin and destroy it. And it has a remarkable effect in causing all the harmful things that prevent the soul from being healthy to be emptied out. So fasting guards and protects the health of the person’s heart and body limbs. And it returns the soul all that the hands of the desires have taken from it.

So it is from the greatest ways of improving one’s Taqwa (piety), as Allah Ta’ala has said:


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ
"O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you in order that you attain Taqwa (piety)." (al-Baqarah 2/183)

And the Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) has said:

الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ
"Fasting is a shield."2

And he sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) commanded those who had intense desires for marriage but were not able to marry, to observe fasting, making it a shield against those desires (of marriage).3

When the benefits of fasting are born witness to by Aql’ul Salim (sensible minds) and Fitr’ul Mustaqim (upright intuitions), one will come to realize that Allah prescribed it as Rahmah (a mercy) for mankind, Ihsaan (goodness) to them and a protection and shield for them.

Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam)’s guidance concerning it was Akmal’ul Huda (the most perfect of guidance), and the best for reaching the desired objective and the easiest on the soul."


Quote from: Footnotes
1- Abu Hurayra (radiyallahu anh) reported Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:

قَالَ اللَّهُ كُلُّ عَمَلِ ابْنِ آدَمَ لَهُ إِلاَّ الصِّيَامَ، فَإِنَّهُ لِي، وَأَنَا أَجْزِي بِهِ‏.‏ وَالصِّيَامُ جُنَّةٌ
"Allah said: Every act of the son of Adam is for him, except fasting. It is (exclusively) meant for Me and I (alone) will reward it. Fasting is a shield." (Bukhari, Hadith no: 1904, 7492, 7538; Muslim, Hadith no: 1151)

2- It was narrated by many of the Sahaabah amongst them are; Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu anh), Mu’ad bin Jabal (radiyallahu anh). It was narrated by Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu anh), (Bukhari, Hadith no: 1904, 7492; Muslim, Hadith no: 1151; Tirmidhi, Hadith no: 764; Nasa’i, Hadith no: 2217); Mu’adh bin Jabal (radiyallahu anh), (Tirmidhi, Hadith no: 2616; Ibnu Majah, Hadith no: 3973; Nasa’i, Hadith no: 2224-2226); Abu Ubaydah (radiyallahu anh), (Nasa’i, Hadith no: 2233); Ka'b bin Ujrah (radiyallahu anh), (Tirmidhi, Hadith no: 614) and also by Uthman bin Abi’l As (radiyallahu anh), (Nasa’i, Hadith no: 2231)

3- It was narrated from Ibnu Mas’ud (radiyallahu anh) that he said:


كُنَّا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَبَابًا لاَ نَجِدُ شَيْئًا فَقَالَ لَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهُ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏ يَا مَعْشَرَ الشَّبَابِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ الْبَاءَةَ فَلْيَتَزَوَّجْ، فَإِنَّهُ أَغَضُّ لِلْبَصَرِ، وَأَحْصَنُ لِلْفَرْجِ، وَمَنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَعَلَيْهِ بِالصَّوْمِ، فَإِنَّهُ لَهُ وِجَاءٌ
"We were with the Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), young men who had nothing of wealth. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said to us:

O young men, whoever among you can afford it, let him get married, for it is more effective in lowering the gaze and guarding one’s chastity. And whoever cannot afford it should fast, for it will be a shield for him."
(Bukhari, Hadith no: 5066; Muslim, Hadith no: 1400)
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Asad'us Sunnah

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Re: THE PURPOSE OF FASTING & ITS BENEFITS
« Reply #1 on: 05.05.2019, 09:17:35 AM »
Bismillâh,

Just a Reminder!
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)

 

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