التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: KALAAMULLAH THE SPEECH OF ALLAH  (Read 674 times)

Uswat'ul Hasana

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KALAAMULLAH THE SPEECH OF ALLAH
« on: August 24, 2016, 12:11:59 PM »
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Kalaamullah the Speech of Allah

Shaykh'ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) said:

"Salaf (the righteous predecessors) have said: "The Qur’an is Kalaamullah (the word of Allah), revealed and Ghayri Makhluq (uncreated)." They have also said: "Allah has been speaking from eternity whenever He has so willed."

They have made it quite clear that Kalaamullah is Qadim (eternal); that is to say, as a class His word is Qadim not eternal. Not even one of them has ever said that any Muayyan (particular) word itself is eternal, nor has anyone of them said that the Qur’an is Qadim. Rather they have only said that it is Kalaamullah, revealed and Ghayri Makhluq. Since Allah has spoken the words of the Qur’an of His own free will, the Qur’an is His speech, it has come down from Him and is Ghayri Makhluq. Nevertheless it is not eternal and timeless as Allah, even though He has been speaking from eternity as and when He has willed. Only His speech as a class is eternal. (Ibn Taymiyyah, Majma’ul Fatawa, 12/54)

Shaykh'ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) also said:

"(Imam) Ahmad ibn Hanbal) and others among Salaf have clearly stated that the Qur’an is Kalaamullah and Ghayri Mahkluq. None of the Salaf has ever said that Allah has not spoken of His Mashiah (free will) and Qudrah (power), nor has anyone said that a Muayyan (particular) speech like the Qur’an, or the call that He gave to Musa (alayhi salam), or any other Muayyan speech is Qadim and timeless, without a beginning and without an end, or that Muayyan Huruf (letters) or Huruf and sounds are Qadim and timeless, without a beginning or end. No one has ever said any such thing, nor can anyone produce the word of Ahmad or any other Aimmat’ul Muslimin (Imams of the Muslims) in their support. In fact, Ahmad’s statements and the statements of other Aimmah are clearly against them. They have clearly said that Allah speaks of His Masiah and Qudrah, and that He has been speaking from eternity as and when He has willed. They have also said that Kalaamullah is Ghayri Makhluq, that it has originated from Him, and that it is not something created or originated from something other than Him.

Their statements on these points are Ma’ruf (well-known), and can be found in various books, such as (the Kitab’us Sunnah) and other writings of Abu Bakr Khallal. Whatever Abd’ur Rahman Ibn Abî Hatim has compiled the words of Ahmad and other scholars. Others who have written on the subject are the students of Ahmad and their students such as his two sons, Salih and Adbullah and Hanbal. Abi Dawud Sijistani the author (of Sunan), Athram, Marwazi, Abi Zur’ah, Abi Hatim, Bukhari, the author of Sahih, Uthman Ibn Sa’id Darimi, Ibrahîm Harbi, Abd’ul Wahhab al-Warraq, Abbaas Ibn Abd’ul Azim al-Anbâri, Harb Ibn Ismâ’il Kirmâni, and countless great other scholars among Ahl’ul Ilm wa’d Din (the People of Sacred Knowledge and the Religion), as well as their students and students of these students such as Abd’ur Rahman Ibn Abi Hatim, Abi Bakr al-Khallal, Abi’l Hasan al-Banani al-Isbahani and others like them. We can also mention the names of various Aimmah and scholars of Usoul (fundamentals) and Furu (branches) such as Abi Isa Tirmidhi the author of the Jami Abi Abd’ur Rahman Nasa’i, and others like them, as well as Abi Muhammad Ibn Qutaybah, and the like. This is not the place for going into further details." (Ibn Taymiyyah, Majma’ul Fatawa, 12/86-87)
Shaykh’ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) said:

وكل قول ينفرد به المتأخر عن المتقدمين، ولم يسبقه إليه أحد منهم، فإنه يكون خطأ كما قال الإمام أحمد بن حنبل‏‏

"All statements that had been said by the Mutaakhirrin (latter ones) differing from the Mutaqaddimin (predecessors) and that had not been previously mentioned by any other, is a mistake. As Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimahullah) said:

‏إياك أن تتكلم في مسألة ليس لك فيها إمام‏

"Refrain from speaking about a matter without an Imam!.." (Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majma’ul Fatawa, 21/291)