التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: NECESSITY OF DOING I'TIZAL FROM Ahl'USH Shirk  (Read 627 times)

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NECESSITY OF DOING I'TIZAL FROM Ahl'USH Shirk
« on: 03.11.2016, 04:12:50 PM »
بسم الله
Necessity of doing I’tizal from Ahl’ush Shirk (the People of Shirk)

Shaykh Abd’ur Rahman ibn Hasan al’ush Shaykh, ad-Durar’us Saniyyah, 11/434

Shaykh Abd’ur Rahman ibn Hasan al’ush Shaykh (rahimahullah) said:

"So the Hunafa are Ahl’ut Tawhid (the People of Tawhid): They do I’tizal1 from the Mushrikin (pl. Mushrik; idol worshipers), because Allah Ta’ala has obligated upon Ahl’ut Tawhid to do I’tizal (withdraw) from them, and to declare Takfir upon them (proclaim them as disbelievers), and perform Baraah (disassociate) from them2, as Allah Ta’ala has mentioned regarding what His Khalil (intimate friend), Ibrahim (alayhi salam), said:


وَأَعْتَزِلُكُمْ وَمَا تَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَأَدْعُو رَبِّي عَسَى أَلَّا أَكُونَ بِدُعَاءِ رَبِّي شَقِيّاً
"And I shall do I’tizal from you (all) and from those whom ye invoke besides Allah. I will call on my Lord: perhaps, by my prayer to my Lord, I shall be not unblest." (Maryam 19/48)

up to His Ta’ala’s statement:

فَلَمَّا اعْتَزَلَهُمْ وَمَا يَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ
"So when he (i.e. Ibrahim alayhi salam) did I’tizal from them, and from those whom they worshiped besides Allah."3 (Maryam 19/49)4;

Allah Ta’ala said:

إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنْكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ كَفَرْنَا بِكُمْ وَبَدَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ أَبَداً حَتَّى تُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَحْدَهُ
"Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah. We have disbelieved in you and there has emerged between us and you, hostility and hatred forever, until you believe in Allah Alone." (al-Mumtahinah 60/4)

And Allah Ta’ala said the following regarding Ahl’ul Kahf (the People of the Cave):

وَإِذِ اعْتَزَلْتُمُوهُمْ وَمَا يَعْبُدُونَ إِلَّا اللَّهَ فَأْوُوا إِلَى الْكَهْفِ
"When ye do I’tizal from them and the things they worship other than Allah, betake yourselves to the Cave." (al-Kahf 18/16)

Hence, Ahl’ut Tawhid do not complete (their obligations from) Tawhid, except by doing I’tizal from Ahl’ush Shirk (the People of Shirk), and by being hostile against them, and declaring Takfir upon them.

Thus, Ahl’ut Tawhid are "Mu’tazilah"5 in this context  and this is because Ahl’ut Tawhid withdraw from Ahl’ush Shirk; just as Khalil Ibrahim (alayhi salam) withdrew from them."6


Quote from: footnotes
1- İ’tizal means withdrawal.

2- Since İ’tizal (i.e. withdrawal) can only be completed by not intermingling with the Tawaghit, by not increasing their numbers, not obeying them, not obeying them in disobedience to Allah Ta'ala, and departing from them, and disassociating from them.

3- In Durar'us Saniyyah instead of Maryam 19/49, al-Kahf 18/16 which will be coming right after had been given. We have changed and corrected it accordingly the context Wallahu A'lam (and Allah knows)!..

4- Allah Ta’ala stated:


وَأَعْتَزِلُكُمْ وَمَا تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَأَدْعُو رَبِّي عَسَى أَلَّا أَكُونَ بِدُعَاء رَبِّي شَقِيّاً فَلَمَّا اعْتَزَلَهُمْ وَمَا يَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَهَبْنَا لَهُ إِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَكُلّاً جَعَلْنَا نَبِيّاً
"And I shall do I’tizal from you (all) and from those whom ye invoke besides Allah. I will call on my Lord: perhaps, by my prayer to my Lord, I shall be not unblest. When he had doen I’tizal from them and from those whom they worshiped besides Allah, We bestowed on him Ishaq and Yaqub, and each one of them We made a prophet." (Maryam 19/48-49)

5- It is clear that Shaykh (rahimahullah) does not mean the heretical sect Mu'tazilah but its literal meaning; their being "with-drawers". Wallahu A’lam!..

6- When we take into consideration the Ayaat (pl. Ayah; verses of the Qur’an) which the Shaykh (rahimahullah) mentioned, we see that I’tizal and Baraa (enmity) from the Ahl’ush Shirk takes precedence over I’tizal and Baraa from their idols and Tawaqhit. Indeed this is the case since rejecting the Mushrikin is weightier than rejecting the idols. Allah Ta’ala states the following in the Ayaat the Shaykh (rahimahullah) mentioned:

وَأَعْتَزِلُكُمْ وَمَا تَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ
"And I shall do I’tizal from you (all) and from those whom ye invoke besides Allah." (Maryam 19/48);

فَلَمَّا اعْتَزَلَهُمْ وَمَا يَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ
"So when he (i.e. Ibrahim alayhi salam) did I’tizal from them, and from those whom they worshiped besides Allah." (Maryam 19/49);

إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنْكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ كَفَرْنَا بِكُمْ
"Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah." (al-Mumtahina 60/4);

وَإِذِ اعْتَزَلْتُمُوهُمْ وَمَا يَعْبُدُونَ إِلَّا اللَّهَ
"When ye do I’tizal from them and the things they worship other than Allah..." (el-Kehf 18/16)
 

Shaykh Hamd bin Atiq (rahimahullah) said the following beneficial explanation regarding this matter:

"There is an unrivaled detail in the Ayah:


إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنْكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ
"Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah." (al-Mumtahinah 60/4)

This very unrivaled detail is the priority given to being distant from Mushrikin over being distant from idols which are worshiped other than Allah Ta’ala. Since the first matter is greater than the second (i.e. being distant from Mushrikin mentioned first due to being greater than being distant from idols which are worshiped other than Allah Ta’ala). Although one may keep distant from the idols, he may not keep distant from those who worship them, whereas if it is not like this he will not have fulfilled what is Waajib (obligatory) for him. However if he keeps distant from Mushrikin (and cuts his relationship off with them) then this will necessitate cutting his relationship with what they worship. This is as the statement of Allah Ta’ala:

وَأَعْتَزِلُكُمْ وَمَا تَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَأَدْعُو رَبِّي عَسَى أَلَّا أَكُونَ بِدُعَاءِ رَبِّي شَقِيّاً
"And I shall do I’tizal from you (all) and from those whom ye invoke besides Allah. I will call on my Lord: perhaps, by my prayer to my Lord, I shall be not unblest." (Maryam 19/48)

In this Ayah, I’tizal (keeping distant) from the Mushrikin is precedes I’tizal from what they worship. Likewise the statement of Allah Ta’ala:

فَلَمَّا اعْتَزَلَهُمْ وَمَا يَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ
"So when he (i.e. Ibrahim alayhi salam) did I’tizal from them, and from those whom they worshiped besides Allah." (Maryam 19/49)

And the statement of Allah Ta’ala:

وَإِذِ اعْتَزَلْتُمُوهُمْ وَمَا يَعْبُدُونَ إِلَّا اللَّهَ
"When ye do I’tizal from them and the things they worship other than Allah." (al-Kahf 18/16)

So ponder upon this unrivaled detail. It is because this is a Baab (door) to having enmity towards the enemies of Allah Ta’ala. There are many people who do not commit Shirk however they never become Muslim due to not having enmity towards the Ahl’ush Shirk so consequently abandon the Din of the messengers. Then Allah Ta’ala stated:

كفرنا بكــم وبدا بيننا وبينكم العـداوة والبغضــاء أبدا
"We have disbelieved in you and there has emerged between us and you, hostility and hatred forever, until you believe in Allah Alone." (al-Mumtahinah 60/4)

Meaning: Dhahir and clear! So ponder upon the fact that, in the Ayah ‘enmity’ is mentioned first then ‘Bughd (hatred)’. Hence the first is more important than the second (mentioned in the order accordingly to its importance). One may show hatred towards Mushrikin but not show enmity towards them. When enmity does not take precedence over Bughd, one will not have fulfilled what is Wajib upon him until he displays both enmity and Bughd towards them. If it is not like this he would not done whatever he was obligated to (have done).  It is unavoidable that each of both Bughd and enmity occur meaning it is unavoidable that both of them are displayed openly and in a clear manner.
 
Know that, when Bughd is present then it is related with the heart. If its consequences are not displayed openly and signs do not appear in a clear manner then it will provide no benefit for him. This (i.e. displaying openly and in a clear manner) will never happen unless enmity is alongside cutting off the relations. Once these occur then both the enmity and Bughd would be displayed openly. When Muwalat (friendship) and having ties are present then this is an indication of not having Bughd (towards the Mushrikin). You shall ponder upon this matter so that it will rid many doubts from you."
(Hamd bin Atiq, Sabil’un Najat)

Shaykh’ul Islam Muhammad bin Abd’il Wahhab (rahimahullah) in his mention of Asl’ud Din of Islam , classified those who do not distant from Ahl’ush Shirk, Shirk and Tawaghit and those who do not declare Takfir of them amongst those who oppose Asl’ud Din:

"...And from the people is the one who worships Allah Wahdahu (alone), however does not reject Shirk and does not show enmity toward its people; and from them is the one who does show enmity however does not declare Takfir upon them; ...and from them is the one who does not hate nor love ash-Shirk; and from them is the one who does not know Shirk nor rejects it; ...and from them the most dangerous type is the one who acts upon Tawhid but does not know its value; he does not hate the one who leaves it and does not make Takfir upon them; and from them is the one who leaves the Shirk and detests it but does not know its value, and does not show enmity towards its people and does not declare Takfir upon them. And these have verily opposed what Anbiya (the prophets) came with from the Din (religion) of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and Wallahu A'lam (And Allah knows best)!.."
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

 

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