التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: A FATWA REGARDING THE TARAWIH PRAYER  (Read 631 times)

Julaybib

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A FATWA REGARDING THE TARAWIH PRAYER
« on: 28.05.2017, 03:15:27 AM »
بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

A Fatwa (Religious Verdict) Regarding the Tarawih Prayer
Majmu’ur Rasaa'il wa’l Masaa'il’in Najdiyyah, 1/93-95

This is a translation of the Fatwa (Religious Verdict) compiled under the Fatawa (pl. Fatwa) of the two sons of Shaykh Muhammad bin Abd’il Wahhab (rahimahullah); Allamah Husayn and Allamah Abdullah (rahimahumallah) regarding the Tarawih Prayer.

Matter (Question): In regards to the haste of the Tarawih prayer, which people do it quickly, and also when its Afa’aal (actions) and Aqwaal (sayings/recitation) is done hastily most of the people perform Salaah (daily prayers); however when the Imam exercises in his Qiraah (recitation) or in the Tasbih (praise and glorification of Allah), or other actions from the Salaah (fast); none of the people pray except a few so it becomes clear that it is better for to haste; and the Jama’ah (congregation) likes it when he prays quickly. Thus, what would be considered an acceptable degree of quickness that would not affect the Salaah? Should the Imam make only one Tasbih which is the very minimum or he must say it three times as it is Tatawwu’ (voluntary) in the case of the Fardh (obligatory) Salaah? Or it varies according to the need and benefit? What is the Mustahabb (recommended) way to pray Salaat’ut Tarawih; is it twenty Rakaats that should not be increased nor decreased, or other than that? And what should be recited therein?

(Answer:) As for your statement “When the Imam prays quickly (in the Tarawih prayer) most of the people pray with him, but when he elongates it no one prays except a few.” Shaytaan (devil) has a goal and he is always eager to get someone to abandon the (good) actions; if he is unable to do that, he strives to get him engaged in what will nullify his actions. Many of the Aimmah (pl. Imaam) in countries tend to make the Salaat’ut Tarawih heavy as the people of al-Jaahiliyyah (days of ignorance, pre-Islamic times) used to do (i.e. in their Salaah). Hence they pray in a manner that they are unable to think about it (what is being recited), and nor do they have Itminaan (tranquility) in the Sujud (pl. Sajdah; prostrations) and Ruku (bowing). Tamaaninah (tranquility) is a Rukun (pillar) of Salaah, which without it the Salaah is invalid. The objective of the Salaah is the heart being between the Yadd (Hand) of Allah Ta’ala, taking heed in the Kalaam (Speech) of Allah when being recited, having Khushu’ (humbling oneself), and tranquility. In most instances this cannot be obtained by the person who hastens it. If you want to pray twenty Raka’at’s with the Imam hastily, then pray ten with Khushu’ and tranquility for this is more beneficial for you than praying a lot of Raka’at without Khushu’ and without tranquility.

What we mentioned here is that which is beneficial for you to do. As for the case where there occurs a difference between the Imam and the Ja’maah (congregation) whereby their desire is that it should be lightened and they do not agree with him in following the Sunnah, then what he should do is try his best to have tranquility throughout the Salaah and not rush in such a way that would affect the tranquility. So based on this, shortening the length of the Qira’ah (recitation) but still having Khushu’ in the Ruku and Sajdah is better than a lengthy and hasty Qira’ah which is Makruh (disliked). Likewise praying ten Raka’at in tranquility with a long Qira’ah with tranquility is better the praying twenty Raka’at’s hastily. This is because the essence and soul of Salaah is devoutly focusing the heart on Allah, and perhaps a little (prayer in number) is better than a lot (without having Khushu’ and Itminaan).

As for the number of Tasbih that should be made in the Ruku and the Sujud, the least that its Kamaal (perfection) is three. However, if it is shortened to one Tasbih then he would gain Ajr (rewarded) whether or not this is in the Fardh Salaah or the Nafilah (optional).

As for the description of Salaat’ut Tarawih and its number (of Rakaat’s): that which the Ulamaa (scholars) have mentioned is that Tarawih is twenty Rakaat’s and that this number should not be lessened except if a person wants to increase his recitation to the extent that its equivalent to the number of Rakaat’s that was decreased. And this is why the practice of the Salaf differed as to the (number) increasing and decreasing of Rakaat’s that is performed in Salaat’ut Tarawih. Umar (radiyallahu anh) gathered the people upon twenty Rakaat’s under Ubayy bin Ka’b (radiyallahu anh). As for the (length of the) Qira’ah, the Imams among Ahlu’l Ilm (People of Sacred Knowledge) have said that it is Mustahabb that the (Imam should) recite (each night) no less than one Juz (20 pages of the Qur’an) so that the people would be able to listen to the entire Qur’an in Tarawih.
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

Asad'us Sunnah

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Re: A FATWA REGARDING THE TARAWIH PRAYER
« Reply #1 on: 05.05.2019, 09:26:19 AM »
Bismillâh,

Just a reminder!..
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)