التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: KALIMAT'UL IKHLAAS AND ACHIEVING ITS MEANING, IBNU RAJAB  (Read 565 times)

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KALIMAT'UL IKHLAAS AND ACHIEVING ITS MEANING, IBNU RAJAB
« on: July 08, 2017, 05:43:32 AM »

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

كلمة الإخلاص وتحقيق معناها
Kalimat’ul Ikhlaas and Achieving its Meaning
-The Statement of Sincerity “La-ilaha Illallah” and Living Accordingly-


عبد الرحمن بن أحمد بن رجب الحنبلي
Imam Abd’ur Rahman bin Ahmad Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali
(736-795H / 1336-1393AD)


This is one of the masterpiece works of Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullah). Even though this work is small in size, it is great in value in terms of the Kalimah “La-ilaha Illallah” since the Kalimah itself is the most important topic to study and attain. In it, Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullah) examined the meaning and the content of the Kalimah depending on the Ahadith (pl. Hadith) transmitted regarding the matter. Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullah) especially dealt with the aspect of the Kalimah that which interests the human life directly. He (rahimahullah) mentioned many Ayaat (pl. Ayat; Qur’anic verses), Athar (traditions) and statements of scholars among the Salaf’us Saalihin (righteous predecessors) that which shed light upon the matter of subject. He (rahimahullah) very successfully reflects an important viewpoint in this work regarding the relationship between Iman (faith) and Amal (deed). He (rahimahullah) also beautified and decorated his work by quoting poems and anecdotes emphasized the matter of love. Therefore, he brought together many Islamic topics such as Aqidah, Iman, Tawhid, Zuhd and the Love for Allah Ta’ala. He (rahimahullah) defined some of the I’tiqaadi terms as well such as Ilah and Ibadaah. In the end of his work Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullah) lists the virtues of the Kalimah.



Khutbat'ul Ha'jah

Our Da'wah (Call)

Hâfidh Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbalî (736-795H / 1336-1393AD)

Kalimat’ul Ikhlaas and Achieving its Meaning
-The Statement of Sincerity “La-ilaha Illallah” and Living Accordingly-

Introduction

Kalimat’ut Tawhid in Ahadith


Good cheers to the Ahl’ut Tawhid (People of Tawhid)

Jahannam (Hell) will be Prohibited to the one who Utters La-ilaha Illallah

The One who Actualizes Tawhid will Enter Jannah Even if he Committed Adultery and Theft


Opinions Concerning the Ahadith

There are two types of Ahadith regarding the one who Utters La-ilaha Illallah

The First Opinion: Those Who State that the Kalimah "La-ilaha Illallah" has Conditions

The Statement of La-ilaha Illallah is the Key to Paradise

Zakaat is the Right of Property

Whoever Opposes La-ilaha Illallah, His Blood and Riches Become Halaal

The Second Opinion: Those Who Consider La-ilaha Illallah According to the Difference between Eras and Naskh (abrogation)

Whom will La-ilaha Illallah Benefit?

The Third Opinion: Those Who Consider the Ahadith According to the Mutlaq (General) and the Mukayyad (Restricted)


The Haqiqah (True Sense) and Meaning of the Kalimah

Tawbah From Shirk can Only Be Actualized Through Actualizing Tawhid

The Meaning of the Term Ilah

Some of the Haraam are Named As Kufr and Shirk

Those who Take Their Hawa (desire) and Lusts As Ilah (deity)

The Meaning of the Term Ibadaah (Slavery)

Obedience to Shaytaan is Ibadaah

The One who Utters La-ilaha Illallah with Ikhlaas Will Prove This Through His Actions


The Kalimah "La-ilaha Illallah" and Love

How is the Love for Allah Possible?

The Love of the Prophet

Love Surrounding the Body and Submission

Path of Salvation: Qalbi Salim –The Sound Heart


Blemishes of the Heart; Riyaa (Showing Off) and Following the Hawa (Desire)

Riya is a Type of (Minor) Shirk

What will Jahannam be Extinguished with?

Devotion to Allah -the Only Worry

Ahl’ut Tawhid Entering the Jannah

If Allah Wishes Well On Behalf of His Slave, He Ta’ala Will Punish Him In Dunya (worldly life) Instead of Akhirah (Hereafter) For the Haraam He Committed

Sins, Calamity and Tawbah (Repentance)


Among the Virtues of the Kalimah “La-ilaha Illallah”

Khatima (Conclusion)


Conclusion of the Nasiha (Advice)
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

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Re: KALIMAT'UL IKHLAAS AND ACHIEVING ITS MEANING, IBNU RAJAB
« Reply #1 on: August 16, 2017, 01:56:35 PM »
Khutbat’ul Ha’ajah1

إن الحمدَ لله نحمدُه ونستعينه ونستغفره، ونعوذُ بالله من شرور أنفُسِنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا، من يهده الله فلا مضلَّ له، ومن يُضلل فلا هادي له
 
وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله حقَّ تقاته ولا .تموتنَّ إلا وأنتم مسلمون

يا أيها الناس اتقوا ربكم الذي خلقكم من نفسٍ واحدة وخلق منها زوجها وبث منهما رجالاً كثيراً ونساء واتقوا الله الذي تساءلون به والأرحام إن الله كان عليكم رقيباً

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولاً سديداً يُصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم ومن يُطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزاً عظيماً

فإن أصدق الحديث كلامُ الله، وخير الهدي هديُ محمد، وشرَّ الأمور محدثاتُها، وكل محدثةٍ بدعة، وكل بدعة ضلالة، وكل ضلالة في النار

أما بعد

“All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance.

I bear witness there is no -true- God -deserving to be worshiped- but Allah, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.


يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله حقَّ تقاته ولا .تموتنَّ إلا وأنتم مسلمون
“O ye who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” (Al-i Imran 3/102);

يا أيها الناس اتقوا ربكم الذي خلقكم من نفسٍ واحدة وخلق منها زوجها وبث منهما رجالاً كثيراً ونساء واتقوا الله الذي تساءلون به والأرحام إن الله كان عليكم رقيباً
“O mankind! Fear your Guardian Lord, Who created you from one soul and created out of it his mate and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women. Fear Allah, through Whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and (be heedful) the wombs (that bore you): for Allah ever watches over you..” (an-Nisa 4/1);

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولاً سديداً يُصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم ومن يُطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزاً عظيماً
“O you who believe! fear Allah, and make your utterance straight forward. That He may make your conduct whole and sound, and forgive you your sins: He that obeys Allah and His Messenger, has already attained the great victory..” (al-Ahzab 33/70-71)

Verily, the most truthful speech is Kalaamullah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), and the worst affairs are newly invented matters. Every newly invented matter is a Bid’ah (religious innovation), and every Bid’ah is Dalalah (misguidance), and every misguidance is in the (Hell)fire.

Wa ba’d (to proceed).”



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Footnotes:

1- This Dua (prayer) that is well-known as “Khutbat’ul Ha’jah (The Sermon of Necessity)” is recited by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) during his Jumu’a Khutbah (Friday Sermon) and other occasions, it was also taught to the Sahabah by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). It was recorded by Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Nasai, Abu Ya’la, Bayhaqi, Imam Ahmad with a Sahih (sound) Sanad (chain of narration) and some of it was narrated by Muslim. Shaykh’ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) stated the following regarding it:

فَهَذِهِ الْخُطْبَةُ عِقْدُ نِظَامِ الْإِسْلَامِ وَالْإِيمَانِ

“This Khutbah is a knot between the Islamic system and the Iman.” (Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmu’ul Fatawa, 14/223)
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

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Re: KALIMAT'UL IKHLAAS AND ACHIEVING ITS MEANING, IBNU RAJAB
« Reply #2 on: August 16, 2017, 01:57:24 PM »
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Our Da’wah (Call)

Our sole purpose primarily, is to circulate the Aqidah of Tawhid everywhere we are able to reach. This is the call of all the Rasul (messenger) and Nabi (prophet) from Adam (alayhi salam) to the Khatam’ul Anbiya (the last of the prophets) Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), striving against all types of Kufr and Shirk that nullify Tawhid and exposing fake deities and Taaghout which call people to worship them. Allah Ta’ala states the following Ayah in this regards:

وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّى لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ الدِّينُ كُلُّهُ لِلّٰهِ فَإِنِ انْتَهَوْا فَإِنَّ اللّٰهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ
“And fight them on until there is no more persecution, and religion becomes Allah's in its entirety.” (al-Baqarah 2/193; al-Anfal 8/39)

In addition, the Aqidah of “al-Wara wa’l Bara” which is one of the most important Rukn (pillar) of Tawhid, the Takfir of the Mushrikin fixed to the Aqidah of “al-Wara wa’l Bara”, accordingly the limits of Imaan and Kufr becoming evident is one of the hallmarks of our Da’wah. The removal of the doubts regarding the matters of Aqidah, especially in the matters of Imaan and Kufr that are innovated by the Dai (caller) of Baatil (falsehood) is also one of our purposes. We aspire to establish the Wasat (medium) Aqidah of Ahl’us Sunna wa’l Ja’maah that is far from Ifrat (taking maters to the extreme) and Tarfit (neglecting its true meaning).

After Tawhid, the most important topic we call to is the Sunnah. Connotation especially to the matters of Aqidah but not limited to it; accepting and practicing every matter of Islam as Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and his Ashaab counseled and lived, also rejecting every Bid’ah innovated after them. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) in a Sahih (authentic) Hadith stated that his Ummah (nation) will be divided into seventy-three sects and that only one of them will be saved. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) named them as Firqa’i Naajiyah (the Saved Group) and described their affair stating:


مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحَابِي
“(Those who follow) my path and the path of my Ashaab (companions)... ”2

The Ahl’us Sunnah wa’l Ja’maah is the only group that follows this noble path.

No individual or group entered the saved group by merely identifying themselves as Ahl’us Sunnah. The most apparent quality of the Ahl’us Sunnah is submitting to the Salaf’us Salihin (the righteous predecessors) whom are the best of the people and the first three generations (of beginning of the Islam) and staying away from the Bid’ah and Munkar (evil) that was innovated by the Khalaf (later generations). As narrated in the Sahih (of Bukhari) from Imran bin Husayn (radiyallahu anh) Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) stated:


خَيْرُ أُمَّتِي قَرْنِي، ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ، ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ، - قَالَ عِمْرَانُ فَلاَ أَدْرِي: أَذَكَرَ بَعْدَ قَرْنِهِ قَرْنَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاَثًا - ثُمَّ إِنَّ بَعْدَكُمْ قَوْمًا يَشْهَدُونَ وَلاَ يُسْتَشْهَدُونَ وَيَخُونُونَ وَلاَ يُؤْتَمَنُونَ، وَيَنْذُرُونَ وَلاَ يَفُونَ، وَيَظْهَرُ فِيهِمُ السِّمَنُ
“The best of my followers are those living in my generation (i.e. my contemporaries). And then those who will follow the latter. -Imran (radiyallahu anh) added: I do not remember whether he mentioned two or three generations after his generation- There will come after you, people who will bear witness without being asked to do so, and will be treacherous and untrustworthy, and they will vow and never fulfill their vows, and fatness will appear among them."3

After Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and his Ashaab, the Rabbani Ulama took on the mission of calling to Tawhid and the Sunnah fitting the Hadith:

الْعُلَمَاءُ خُلَفَاءُ الأَنْبِيَاءِ إِنَّ الأَنْبِيَاءَ
“The scholars are the successors of the prophets."4

At this point, our goal is to become a bridge between Ilm and the people by conveying the legacy concerning the Ilm (sacred knowledge) of the Rabbani Ulama, which attained the mission of calling to Tawhid and the Sunnah after the prophets. The source of this Ilm reaches Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) through Jibril-i Amin (alayhi salam) to the Lord of the Worlds (Jalla wa Jalaluhu). The Ulama will represent this Ilm until the Day of Qiyamah (Doomdsay). Since Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) stated:

لاَ يَزَالُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ بِأَمْرِ اللّٰهِ، لاَ يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُمْ، وَلاَ مَنْ خَالَفَهُمْ، حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُمْ أَمْرُ اللّٰهِ وَهُمْ عَلَى ذٰلِكَ
"A group of people amongst my followers will remain obedient to Allah's orders and they will not be harmed by anyone who will not help them or who will oppose them, till Allah's Order (the Last Day) comes upon them while they are still on the right path."5

That is why it is also our goal to spread the books of the Ulamaa (pl. Alim; scholars) whom had been stand bearers of the Aqidah of the Ahl’us Sunnah wa’l Jama’ah throughout history and the Ilm that they inherited from Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). In order to reach this goal; we take the Manhaj (methodology of attaining Ilm) of the Salaf’us Salihin whom are praised by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as base for us. We would like to convey the legacy of the A’immah (pl. Imam) of Hadith and Sunnah who had not been affected from Kalaam (theological rhetoric) and philosopy, persistent upon the Aqidah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and his Ashaab, in short; the scholars among the Firqa-i Najiyaah and “Taifat’ul Mansura (Victorious Group)”.

Our call (Inshallah) will never be calling people to our own views that have no base from the Salaf nor to groups that have been consituted by the Asabiyyah (tribalism/nationalism) of Jaahiliyyah (the prelslaamic days of ignorance).

Tawfiq (success) is lies in Allah Ta’ala...



Quote
Footnotes:

2- Tirmidhi, Hadith no: 2641.

3- Bukhari, Hadith no: 3650.

4- Bazzar, Musnad al-Bazzar, 10/68.

5- Bukhari, Hadith no: 3641.
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

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Re: KALIMAT'UL IKHLAAS AND ACHIEVING ITS MEANING, IBNU RAJAB
« Reply #3 on: July 27, 2018, 05:04:18 PM »
Hâfidh Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbalî (736-795H / 1336-1393AD)

Zayn’ud Dîn Abd’ur Rahmân bin Ahmad bin Rajab Ibn’ul Hasan, as-Sulâmî, al-Baghdâdî then ad-Dimashqî, al-Hanbalî. He is Imâm and Hâfidh, scholar of Hadîth and Faqîh (scholar of Fiqh), Waidh (preacher, admonisher) and Zâhid (ecstatic). His Kunyah (agnomen) was Abű’l Faraj, his nickname was Ibnu Rajab which was the nickname of his grandfather who was born in the month of Rajab and the scholar of Hadîth and Qirâh.

Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbalî (Rahimahullâh) was born in Baghdâd in 736H-1336AD. A knowledgeable and pious family raised him (Rahimahullâh). He travelled city-to-city and country to country in order to attain knowledge from the foremost scholars of his era.

Among the scholars whom he studied under and attained knowledge -in various sciences of Islâm such as; Hadîth, Fiqh, Tafsîr etc.- are: Ibn’ul Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (Rahimahullâh), Zayn’ud Dîn al-Irâqî (Rahimahullâh), Ibn’ul Hâdî al-Hanbalî (rahimahullah), Hâfidh al-Alâ’î (Rahimahullâh), Ibn’ul Attâr and many more.

He had many students, among them are: Dâwud bin Sulaymân al-Mawsilî, Abu Dharr al-Zarkashî, Qadhî Alâ’ud Dîn Ibn’ul Laham al-Bâlî and many more.

Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbalî (Rahimahullâh) compiled and wrote many books such as Sharh’ut Tirmidihî, Sharhu Ilal’it Tirmidihî, Dhayl ala Tabaqât’il Hanâbila, Fath’ul Bârî Sharh Sahîh’il Bukhârî (uncompleted), Jâmi’ul Ulűm wa’l Hikam fi Sharhi Khamsîn Hadîthân min Jawâmi’il Kalâm, Bayânu Fadhli Ilm’is Salaf ala Ilm’il Khalaf, Istighanâ b’il Qur’ân, ar-Radd ala man Ittiba Ghayri al-Madhhab’ul Arbâ, al-Qawâ’id’ul Fiqhiyyah, Latâ’if’ul Ma’ârif and Kalimat’ul Ikhlâs wa Tahqîqi Ma’nâhâ.

Many among the scholars such as Ibn’ul Hâdî al-Hanbalî, Ibnu Hajar al-Asqalânî, Suyűtî, Ibnu Imâd al-Hanbalî, Shawkânî praised him.

Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbalî (Rahimahullâh) died on 795H-1393AD in Damascus. May Allâh Ta’âlâ have mercy upon him and bless us with benefitting from his legacy namely the Ilm (Sacred Knowledge).6



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Footnotes:
6- Ibnu Imâd, Shadharâtu’dh Dhahab fî Akhbâri min Dhahab, 339-340; Shawkânî, al-Badr’ut Tâlâ’a, 1/328 and other sources.
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)