التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: KALIMAT'UL IKHLAAS AND ACHIEVING ITS MEANING, IBNU RAJAB  (Read 1032 times)

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

كلمة الإخلاص وتحقيق معناها
Kalimatul Ikhlaas and Achieving its Meaning
-The Statement of Sincerity La-ilaha Illallah and Living Accordingly-


عبد الرحمن بن أحمد بن رجب الحنبلي
Imam Abdur Rahman bin Ahmad Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali
(736-795H / 1336-1393AD)


This is one of the masterpiece works of Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullah). Even though this work is small in size, it is great in value in terms of the Kalimah La-ilaha Illallah since the Kalimah itself is the most important topic to study and attain. In it, Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullah) examined the meaning and the content of the Kalimah depending on the Ahadith (pl. Hadith) transmitted regarding the matter. Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullah) especially dealt with the aspect of the Kalimah that which interests the human life directly. He (rahimahullah) mentioned many Ayaat (pl. Ayat; Quranic verses), Athar (traditions) and statements of scholars among the Salafus Saalihin (righteous predecessors) that which shed light upon the matter of subject. He (rahimahullah) very successfully reflects an important viewpoint in this work regarding the relationship between Iman (faith) and Amal (deed). He (rahimahullah) also beautified and decorated his work by quoting poems and anecdotes emphasized the matter of love. Therefore, he brought together many Islamic topics such as Aqidah, Iman, Tawhid, Zuhd and the Love for Allah Taala. He (rahimahullah) defined some of the Itiqaadi terms as well such as Ilah and Ibadaah. In the end of his work Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullah) lists the virtues of the Kalimah.



Khutbat'ul Ha'jah

Our Da'wah (Call)

Hfidh Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbal (736-795H / 1336-1393AD)

Kalimatul Ikhlaas and Achieving its Meaning
-The Statement of Sincerity La-ilaha Illallah and Living Accordingly-

Introduction

Kalimatut Tawhid in Ahadith


Good cheers to the Ahlut Tawhid (People of Tawhid)

Jahannam (Hell) will be Prohibited to the one who Utters La-ilaha Illallah

The One who Actualizes Tawhid will Enter Jannah Even if he Committed Adultery and Theft


Opinions Concerning the Ahadith

There are two types of Ahadith regarding the one who Utters La-ilaha Illallah

The First Opinion: Those Who State that the Kalimah "La-ilaha Illallah" has Conditions

The Statement of La-ilaha Illallah is the Key to Paradise

Zakaat is the Right of Property

Whoever Opposes La-ilaha Illallah, His Blood and Riches Become Halaal

The Second Opinion: Those Who Consider La-ilaha Illallah According to the Difference between Eras and Naskh (abrogation)

Whom will La-ilaha Illallah Benefit?

The Third Opinion: Those Who Consider the Ahadith According to the Mutlaq (General) and the Mukayyad (Restricted)


The Haqiqah (True Sense) and Meaning of the Kalimah

Tawbah From Shirk can Only Be Actualized Through Actualizing Tawhid

The Meaning of the Term Ilah

Some of the Haraam are Named As Kufr and Shirk

Those who Take Their Hawa (desire) and Lusts As Ilah (deity)

The Meaning of the Term Ibadaah (Slavery)

Obedience to Shaytaan is Ibadaah

The One who Utters La-ilaha Illallah with Ikhlaas Will Prove This Through His Actions


The Kalimah "La-ilaha Illallah" and Love

How is the Love for Allah Possible?

The Love of the Prophet

Love Surrounding the Body and Submission

Path of Salvation: Qalbi Salim The Sound Heart


Blemishes of the Heart; Riyaa (Showing Off) and Following the Hawa (Desire)

Riya is a Type of (Minor) Shirk

What will Jahannam be Extinguished with?

Devotion to Allah -the Only Worry

Ahlut Tawhid Entering the Jannah

If Allah Wishes Well On Behalf of His Slave, He Taala Will Punish Him In Dunya (worldly life) Instead of Akhirah (Hereafter) For the Haraam He Committed

Sins, Calamity and Tawbah (Repentance)


Among the Virtues of the Kalimah La-ilaha Illallah

Khatima (Conclusion)


Conclusion of the Nasiha (Advice)
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Ummah

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Re: KALIMAT'UL IKHLAAS AND ACHIEVING ITS MEANING, IBNU RAJAB
« Reply #1 on: 16.08.2017, 01:56:35 PM »
خُطْبَةُ الْحَاجَةِ

إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ لِلّٰهِ، نَحْمَدُهُ، وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ، وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ، وَنَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْ شُرُورِ أَنْفُسِنَا، وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ، وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ.

﴿يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إِلاَّ وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ.﴾ [آل عمران: 102]

﴿يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالاً كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا.﴾ [النساء: 1]

﴿يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلاً سَدِيدًا. يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا.﴾ [الأحزاب: 71-70]

أَمَّا بَعْدُ: فَإِنَّ أَصْدَقَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابُ اللهِ، وَخَيْرَ الْهَدْيِ هَدْيُ مُحَمَّدٍ، وَشَرَّ الْأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا، وَكُلَّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَةٌ، وَكُلَّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلاَلَةٌ، وَكُلَّ ضَلاَلَةٍ فِي النَّارِ.


Khutbatul Hjah (The Sermon of Necessity)

All praise is due to Allhu Tal. We praise Him, seek His help, and seek His forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allh from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allh guides, there is no one who can led him astray, and whoever Allh leads astray, then there is no one who can guide him. I bear witness there is no -true- deity -worthy of worship- except Allh, He is One and He has no partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Rasl (Messenger).

O ye who believe! Fear Allh as He should be feared, and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him. (l-i Imrn 3/102)

O mankind! Fear your Guardian Lord Who created you from one soul, and created out of it his mate, and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women. Fear Allh, through Whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and (be heedful of) the wombs (that bore you): for Allh ever watches over you. (an-Nis 4/1)

O you who believe! Fear Allh, and make your utterance straight forward. So that He may make your conduct whole and sound, and forgive you your sins: He that obeys Allh and His Messenger has already attained the great victory. (al-Ahzb 33/70-71)

Amm Bad (to Proceed):

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Kalmullh (Speech of Allh), the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam. The worst of affairs are the newly invented matters. Every newly invented matter is a Bidah (religious innovation), and every Bidah is a Dallah (misguidance), and every misguidance is in the Nr (Hellfire).1




Quote
Footnotes:

1- This Du' (prayer) which Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullh accounted as a knot between the Islmic system and Imn (Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmul Fatw, 14/223) which is known as Khutbatul Hjah (The Sermon of Necessity) was recited by Raslullah Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam during the beginning of his Jumuah Khutbah (Friday Sermon). Various portions of this renown Khutbah has been narrated with different wordings in an-Nas, Hadth no: 3278; Muslim, Hadth no: 868; Ab Dwd, Hadth no: 2118; at-Tirmidh, Hadth no: 1105, and in other compilations of Hadth.
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Ummah

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Re: KALIMAT'UL IKHLAAS AND ACHIEVING ITS MEANING, IBNU RAJAB
« Reply #2 on: 16.08.2017, 01:57:24 PM »
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Our Dawah (Call)

Our sole purpose primarily, is to circulate the Aqidah of Tawhid everywhere we are able to reach. This is the call of all the Rasul (messenger) and Nabi (prophet) from Adam (alayhi salam) to the Khatamul Anbiya (the last of the prophets) Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), striving against all types of Kufr and Shirk that nullify Tawhid and exposing fake deities and Taaghout which call people to worship them. Allah Taala states the following Ayah in this regards:

وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّى لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ الدِّينُ كُلُّهُ لِلّٰهِ فَإِنِ انْتَهَوْا فَإِنَّ اللّٰهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ
And fight them on until there is no more persecution, and religion becomes Allah's in its entirety. (al-Baqarah 2/193; al-Anfal 8/39)

In addition, the Aqidah of al-Wara wal Bara which is one of the most important Rukn (pillar) of Tawhid, the Takfir of the Mushrikin fixed to the Aqidah of al-Wara wal Bara, accordingly the limits of Imaan and Kufr becoming evident is one of the hallmarks of our Dawah. The removal of the doubts regarding the matters of Aqidah, especially in the matters of Imaan and Kufr that are innovated by the Dai (caller) of Baatil (falsehood) is also one of our purposes. We aspire to establish the Wasat (medium) Aqidah of Ahlus Sunna wal Jamaah that is far from Ifrat (taking maters to the extreme) and Tarfit (neglecting its true meaning).

After Tawhid, the most important topic we call to is the Sunnah. Connotation especially to the matters of Aqidah but not limited to it; accepting and practicing every matter of Islam as Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and his Ashaab counseled and lived, also rejecting every Bidah innovated after them. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) in a Sahih (authentic) Hadith stated that his Ummah (nation) will be divided into seventy-three sects and that only one of them will be saved. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) named them as Firqai Naajiyah (the Saved Group) and described their affair stating:


مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحَابِي
(Those who follow) my path and the path of my Ashaab (companions)... 2

The Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah is the only group that follows this noble path.

No individual or group entered the saved group by merely identifying themselves as Ahlus Sunnah. The most apparent quality of the Ahlus Sunnah is submitting to the Salafus Salihin (the righteous predecessors) whom are the best of the people and the first three generations (of beginning of the Islam) and staying away from the Bidah and Munkar (evil) that was innovated by the Khalaf (later generations). As narrated in the Sahih (of Bukhari) from Imran bin Husayn (radiyallahu anh) Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) stated:


خَيْرُ أُمَّتِي قَرْنِي، ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ، ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ، - قَالَ عِمْرَانُ فَلاَ أَدْرِي: أَذَكَرَ بَعْدَ قَرْنِهِ قَرْنَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاَثًا - ثُمَّ إِنَّ بَعْدَكُمْ قَوْمًا يَشْهَدُونَ وَلاَ يُسْتَشْهَدُونَ وَيَخُونُونَ وَلاَ يُؤْتَمَنُونَ، وَيَنْذُرُونَ وَلاَ يَفُونَ، وَيَظْهَرُ فِيهِمُ السِّمَنُ
The best of my followers are those living in my generation (i.e. my contemporaries). And then those who will follow the latter. -Imran (radiyallahu anh) added: I do not remember whether he mentioned two or three generations after his generation- There will come after you, people who will bear witness without being asked to do so, and will be treacherous and untrustworthy, and they will vow and never fulfill their vows, and fatness will appear among them."3

After Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and his Ashaab, the Rabbani Ulama took on the mission of calling to Tawhid and the Sunnah fitting the Hadith:

الْعُلَمَاءُ خُلَفَاءُ الأَنْبِيَاءِ إِنَّ الأَنْبِيَاءَ
The scholars are the successors of the prophets."4

At this point, our goal is to become a bridge between Ilm and the people by conveying the legacy concerning the Ilm (sacred knowledge) of the Rabbani Ulama, which attained the mission of calling to Tawhid and the Sunnah after the prophets. The source of this Ilm reaches Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) through Jibril-i Amin (alayhi salam) to the Lord of the Worlds (Jalla wa Jalaluhu). The Ulama will represent this Ilm until the Day of Qiyamah (Doomdsay). Since Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) stated:

لاَ يَزَالُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ بِأَمْرِ اللّٰهِ، لاَ يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُمْ، وَلاَ مَنْ خَالَفَهُمْ، حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُمْ أَمْرُ اللّٰهِ وَهُمْ عَلَى ذٰلِكَ
"A group of people amongst my followers will remain obedient to Allah's orders and they will not be harmed by anyone who will not help them or who will oppose them, till Allah's Order (the Last Day) comes upon them while they are still on the right path."5

That is why it is also our goal to spread the books of the Ulamaa (pl. Alim; scholars) whom had been stand bearers of the Aqidah of the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah throughout history and the Ilm that they inherited from Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). In order to reach this goal; we take the Manhaj (methodology of attaining Ilm) of the Salafus Salihin whom are praised by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as base for us. We would like to convey the legacy of the Aimmah (pl. Imam) of Hadith and Sunnah who had not been affected from Kalaam (theological rhetoric) and philosopy, persistent upon the Aqidah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and his Ashaab, in short; the scholars among the Firqa-i Najiyaah and Taifatul Mansura (Victorious Group).

Our call (Inshallah) will never be calling people to our own views that have no base from the Salaf nor to groups that have been consituted by the Asabiyyah (tribalism/nationalism) of Jaahiliyyah (the prelslaamic days of ignorance).

Tawfiq (success) is lies in Allah Taala...



Quote
Footnotes:

2- Tirmidhi, Hadith no: 2641.

3- Bukhari, Hadith no: 3650.

4- Bazzar, Musnad al-Bazzar, 10/68.

5- Bukhari, Hadith no: 3641.
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Ummah

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Re: KALIMAT'UL IKHLAAS AND ACHIEVING ITS MEANING, IBNU RAJAB
« Reply #3 on: 27.07.2018, 05:04:18 PM »
Hfidh Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbal (736-795H / 1336-1393AD)

Zaynud Dn Abdur Rahmn bin Ahmad bin Rajab Ibnul Hasan, as-Sulm, al-Baghdd then ad-Dimashq, al-Hanbal. He is Imm and Hfidh, scholar of Hadth and Faqh (scholar of Fiqh), Waidh (preacher, admonisher) and Zhid (ecstatic). His Kunyah (agnomen) was Abl Faraj, his nickname was Ibnu Rajab which was the nickname of his grandfather who was born in the month of Rajab and the scholar of Hadth and Qirh.

Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbal (Rahimahullh) was born in Baghdd in 736H-1336AD. A knowledgeable and pious family raised him (Rahimahullh). He travelled city-to-city and country to country in order to attain knowledge from the foremost scholars of his era.

Among the scholars whom he studied under and attained knowledge -in various sciences of Islm such as; Hadth, Fiqh, Tafsr etc.- are: Ibnul Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (Rahimahullh), Zaynud Dn al-Irq (Rahimahullh), Ibnul Hd al-Hanbal (rahimahullah), Hfidh al-Al (Rahimahullh), Ibnul Attr and many more.

He had many students, among them are: Dwud bin Sulaymn al-Mawsil, Abu Dharr al-Zarkash, Qadh Alud Dn Ibnul Laham al-Bl and many more.

Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbal (Rahimahullh) compiled and wrote many books such as Sharhut Tirmidih, Sharhu Ilalit Tirmidih, Dhayl ala Tabaqtil Hanbila, Fathul Br Sharh Sahhil Bukhr (uncompleted), Jmiul Ulm wal Hikam fi Sharhi Khamsn Hadthn min Jawmiil Kalm, Baynu Fadhli Ilmis Salaf ala Ilmil Khalaf, Istighan bil Qurn, ar-Radd ala man Ittiba Ghayri al-Madhhabul Arb, al-Qawidul Fiqhiyyah, Latiful Marif and Kalimatul Ikhls wa Tahqqi Manh.

Many among the scholars such as Ibnul Hd al-Hanbal, Ibnu Hajar al-Asqaln, Suyt, Ibnu Imd al-Hanbal, Shawkn praised him.

Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbal (Rahimahullh) died on 795H-1393AD in Damascus. May Allh Tal have mercy upon him and bless us with benefitting from his legacy namely the Ilm (Sacred Knowledge).6



Quote
Footnotes:
6- Ibnu Imd, Shadhartudh Dhahab f Akhbri min Dhahab, 339-340; Shawkn, al-Badrut Tla, 1/328 and other sources.
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

 

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