التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: EVIDENCES FOR DECLARING TAKFR UPON THE PERSON WHO UTTERS LA-ILAHA ILLALLAH  (Read 629 times)

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قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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Khutbatul Hjah1

إن الحمدَ لله نحمدُه ونستعينه ونستغفره، ونعوذُ بالله من شرور أنفُسِنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا، من يهده الله فلا مضلَّ له، ومن يُضلل فلا هادي له
 
وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله حقَّ تقاته ولا .تموتنَّ إلا وأنتم مسلمون

يا أيها الناس اتقوا ربكم الذي خلقكم من نفسٍ واحدة وخلق منها زوجها وبث منهما رجالاً كثيراً ونساء واتقوا الله الذي تساءلون به والأرحام إن الله كان عليكم رقيباً

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولاً سديداً يُصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم ومن يُطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزاً عظيماً

فإن أصدق الحديث كلامُ الله، وخير الهدي هديُ محمد، وشرَّ الأمور محدثاتُها، وكل محدثةٍ بدعة، وكل بدعة ضلالة، وكل ضلالة في النار

أما بعد

All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance.

I bear witness there is no -true- God -deserving to be worshiped- but Allah, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.


يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله حقَّ تقاته ولا .تموتنَّ إلا وأنتم مسلمون
O ye who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him. (l-i Imrn 3/102);

يا أيها الناس اتقوا ربكم الذي خلقكم من نفسٍ واحدة وخلق منها زوجها وبث منهما رجالاً كثيراً ونساء واتقوا الله الذي تساءلون به والأرحام إن الله كان عليكم رقيباً
O mankind! Fear your Guardian Lord, Who created you from one soul and created out of it his mate and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women. Fear Allah, through Whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and (be heedful) the wombs (that bore you): for Allah ever watches over you.. (an-Nis 4/1);

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولاً سديداً يُصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم ومن يُطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزاً عظيماً
O you who believe! fear Allah, and make your utterance straight forward. That He may make your conduct whole and sound, and forgive you your sins: He that obeys Allah and His Messenger, has already attained the great victory.. (al-Ahzb 33/70-71)

Verily, the most truthful speech is Kalmullah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and the worst affairs are newly invented matters. Every newly invented matter is a Bidah (religious innovation), and every Bidah is Dallah (misguidance), and every misguidance is in the (Hell)fire.

Amm bad (to proceed).



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Footnotes:

1- This Du' (prayer) that is well-known as Khutbatul Hjah (The Sermon of Necessity) is recited by Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) during his Jumua Khutbah (Friday Sermon) and other occasions, it was also taught to the Sahabh by Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). It was recorded by Tirmidh, Abu Dwud, Nas, Abu Yala, Bayhaq, Imm Ahmad with a Sahh (sound) Sanad (chain of narration) and some of it was narrated by Muslim. Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah) stated the following regarding it:

فَهَذِهِ الْخُطْبَةُ عِقْدُ نِظَامِ الْإِسْلَامِ وَالْإِيمَانِ

This Khutbah is a knot between the Islmic system and the Imn. (Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmul Fatw, 14/223)
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Our Dwah (Call)

Our sole purpose primarily, is to circulate the Aqidah of Tawhd everywhere we are able to reach. This is the call of all the Rasl (messenger) and Nab (prophet) from dam (Alayh'is Salam) to the Khatamul Anbiy (the last of the prophets) Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), striving against all types of Kufr and Shirk that nullify Tawhd and exposing fake deities and Tghout which call people to worship them. Allah Tala states the following Ayah in this regards:

وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّى لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ الدِّينُ كُلُّهُ لِلّٰهِ فَإِنِ انْتَهَوْا فَإِنَّ اللّٰهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ
And fight them on until there is no more persecution, and religion becomes Allah's in its entirety. (al-Baqarah 2/193; al-Anfl 8/39)

In addition, the Aqidah of al-Wal wal Bar which is one of the most important Rkn (pillar) of Tawhd, the Takfr of the Mushrikn fixed to the Aqidah of al-Wal wal Bar, accordingly the limits of Imn and Kufr becoming evident is one of the hallmarks of our Dwah. The removal of the doubts regarding the matters of Aqidah, especially in the matters of Imn and Kufr that are innovated by the Di (caller) of Btil (falsehood) is also one of our purposes. We aspire to establish the Wasat (medium) Aqdah of Ahlus Sunna wal Jamh that is far from Ifrt (taking maters to the extreme) and Tarft (neglecting its true meaning).

After Tawhd, the most important topic we call to is the Sunnah. Connotation especially to the matters of Aqidah but not limited to it; accepting and practicing every matter of Islm as Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his Ashb counseled and lived, also rejecting every Bidah innovated after them. Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in a Sahh (authentic) Hadth stated that his Ummah (nation) will be divided into seventy-three sects and that only one of them will be saved. Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) named them as Firqai Njiyah (the Saved Group) and described their affair stating:


مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحَابِي
(Those who follow) my path and the path of my Ashb (companions)... 2

The Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamh is the only group that follows this noble path.

No individual or group entered the saved group by merely identifying themselves as Ahlus Sunnah. The most apparent quality of the Ahlus Sunnah is submitting to the Salafus Slihn (Righteous Predecessors) whom are the best of the people and the first three generations (of beginning of the Islm) and staying away from the Bidah and Munkar (evil) that was innovated by the Khalaf (later generations). As narrated in the Sahh (of Bukhr) from Imrn bin Husayn (Radiyallahu Anh) Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stated:


خَيْرُ أُمَّتِي قَرْنِي، ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ، ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ، - قَالَ عِمْرَانُ فَلاَ أَدْرِي: أَذَكَرَ بَعْدَ قَرْنِهِ قَرْنَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاَثًا - ثُمَّ إِنَّ بَعْدَكُمْ قَوْمًا يَشْهَدُونَ وَلاَ يُسْتَشْهَدُونَ وَيَخُونُونَ وَلاَ يُؤْتَمَنُونَ، وَيَنْذُرُونَ وَلاَ يَفُونَ، وَيَظْهَرُ فِيهِمُ السِّمَنُ
The best of my followers are those living in my generation (i.e. my contemporaries). And then those who will follow the latter. -Imrn (Radiyallahu Anh) added: I do not remember whether he mentioned two or three generations after his generation- There will come after you, people who will bear witness without being asked to do so, and will be treacherous and untrustworthy, and they will vow and never fulfill their vows, and fatness will appear among them."3

After Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his Ashb, the Rabbani Ulam took on the mission of calling to Tawhd and the Sunnah fitting the Hadth:

الْعُلَمَاءُ خُلَفَاءُ الأَنْبِيَاءِ إِنَّ الأَنْبِيَاءَ
The scholars are the successors of the prophets."4

At this point, our goal is to become a bridge between Ilm and the people by conveying the legacy concerning the Ilm (sacred knowledge) of the Rabban Ulam, which attained the mission of calling to Tawhd and the Sunnah after the prophets. The source of this Ilm reaches Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) through Jibrl-i Amn (Alayh'is Salam) to the Lord of the Worlds (Jalla wa Jalaluhu). The Ulam will represent this Ilm until the Day of Qiymah (Doomsday). Since Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stated:

لاَ يَزَالُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ بِأَمْرِ اللّٰهِ، لاَ يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُمْ، وَلاَ مَنْ خَالَفَهُمْ، حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُمْ أَمْرُ اللّٰهِ وَهُمْ عَلَى ذٰلِكَ
"A group of people amongst my followers will remain obedient to Allah's orders and they will not be harmed by anyone who will not help them or who will oppose them, till Allah's Order (the Last Day) comes upon them while they are still on the right path."5

That is why it is also our goal to spread the books of the Ulam (pl. Alim; scholars) whom had been stand bearers of the Aqidah of the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamah throughout history and the Ilm that they inherited from Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). In order to reach this goal; we take the Manhj (methodology of attaining Ilm) of the Salafus Slihn whom are praised by Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as base for us. We would like to convey the legacy of the Aimmah (pl. Imm) of Hadith and Sunnah who had not been affected from Kalm (theological rhetoric) and philosophy, persistent upon the Aqidah of Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his Ashb, in short; the scholars among the Firqa-i Najiyh and Tifatul Mansra (Victorious Group).

Our call (Inshallah) will never be calling people to our own views that have no base from the Salaf nor to groups that have been constituted by the Asabiyyah (tribalism/nationalism) of Jhiliyyah (the pre-lslmic days of ignorance).

Tawfq (success) is lies in Allah Tala...



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Footnotes:

2- Tirmidh, Hadth no: 2641.

3- Bukhr, Hadth no: 3650.

4- Ibnu Mjah, Hadth no: 223; Tirmidh, Hadth no: 2682; Ab Dwud, Hadth no: 3641.

5- Bukhr, Hadth no: 3641.
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

Julaybib

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Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb, His Life, His Knowledgeable Characteristic and His Struggle6

His Birth and Upbringing

Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb bin Sulaymn bin Ali at-Tamim (Rahimahullah) was born in year 1115H (1703 CE) at Uyayna a city of Najd in the Arabian Peninsula. His father Abdil Wahhb and grandfather Sulaymn was among the renowned knowledgeable individuals from the area of Najd and thus were the source of Fatw (verdict) during their time. His grandfather Sulaymn bin Ali (Rahimahullah) had lived during the era of the eminent Hanbila Faqh (jurist), author of Kashshful Qin', Mansr al-Baht (Rahimahullah). In addition, it is reported they had met in Mecca. In this manner, the Shaykh grew up in a surrounding occupied by Ilm.

His Shuykh (pl., Shaykh; Teachers) and His Travels to Seek Ilm (knowledge)

Shaykh Muhammad (Rahimahullah) learned Qurn and attained basic knowledge from his father. He memorized the Qurn before the tender age of ten. He mastered the Hanbila Fiqh (jurisprudence) along with its Isnd (chain of narration) to Imm Ahmad (Rahimahullah), from his father and grandfather. Such that as soon as he reached puberty his father appointed him as Imm (leader) in Jamah (the congregational prayers). It is also reported that his father would say: I have learned many beneficial matters regarding Ahkm (pl., Hukm; rulings) from him.7 

According to his grandson Shaykh Abdil Latf (Rahimahullah), he had gone to Haramayn (two sacred cities; Mecca and Madna) gathered with the Shuykh of the area, attained Ijzah (the grant of permission or authority) from some of them and later went to cities; Basra and Ahsa, sat in lessons of the Shuykh and was present at the debates.8 Abdil Latf bin Abdir Rahman (Rahimahullah) mentions the inclination of his grandfather Shaykh Muhammad to Tawhd and taking the Qurn and Sunnah as his guide by abandoning blind following was influenced by Muhammad Hayyt as-Sind.9

Abdullah bin Ibrhm an-Najd was from among his Hadth teachers in Hijz. As mentioned by
Sulaymn bin Abdullah in his book "at-Tawdhh" he had read nine fundamental Hadth books from him with all their Isnd (from the author all the way to Raslullah). He had also attained the knowledge of other Hadth sources from the same teacher. Also through this teacher, he had the honour of narrating some of the Ahadth (pl., Hadth) with Isnd reaching Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). Lastly, in his biography written in ad-Durar'us Saniyyah it has been mentioned that he also took lessons from Ajln (Rahimahullah) the author of renowned book; Kashf'ul Haf.10

His Students

Besides his sons Abdullah (Rahimahullah), Husayn (Rahimahullah), Ibrhm (Rahimahullah); his grandchild Abdur Rahman bin Hasan (Rahimahullah); his companion such as Suud bin Abdul Azz (Rahimahullah) are amongst students from his close surrounding other scholars such as
Hamad bin Nsr bin Ma'mar (rahimahullah), Abdul Azz bin Husayn (Rahimahullah), Said bin Hijj (Rahimahullah), Husayn bin Ghannm (Rahimahullah) complier of "Tarikhu Najd" were educated in his circle of knowledge.

His Works

Alongside many works the most famous ones are as follows:

Kitbut Tawhd alladhi Huwa Haqq Allah alal Abd (The Book of Tawhd which is Allahs Right Upon the Servants),
Kashf'ush Shubaht (Removal of the Doubts), Masilul Jhiliyyah (The Issues of the Era of Ignorance), al-Uslul Thalthah wa Adillatuha (The Three Principles and Their Evidence), al-Qawidul Arbaa' (The Four Principles), Manat Taght, ar-Rislatul Mufda (Beneficial, Important and Precious Pamphlet), Mufdul Mustafd fi Kufr Trikat Tawhd, al-Jawhirul Mudiyyah and other short pamphlets ( Pampleths on Tawhd 1 (compiled) & Pampleths on Tawhd 2 (compiled) ) regarding Aqidah (creed). He also own many books in the field of Fiqh. Mukhtasarul Insf wash Sharhul Kabr, Kitbul Kab'ir (The Book of the Major Sins), Majmul Hadth ala Abwbil Fiqh (Compilation of the Hadth According to Fiqh Topic) and Shurt'us Salt wa Arknuha wa Wjibatuha (Conditions And Pillars Of The Prayer), Adabul Mashy ilas Salt and also Fadlul Islm (The virtue of Islm), Fadil-i Qur'n (Excellent Qualities of the Qur'n) , Uslul Imn (The Foundation of Faith), Muhtasaru Sratir Rasl (Abridged Biography of the Messenger).

All of the works of Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) had been collected together in "Majmul Muallafatish Shaykh" in thirteen volumes. It is also possible to find many of his writings including pamphlets, letters etc., in "ad-Durarus Saniyyah fl Ajwabahun Najdiyyah" in eleven volumes and also in "Majmur Rasil wal Masilan Najdiyyah li Bad Ulam Najdul Alm" in five volumes.

His D'wah (call)

The Shaykh began his Dwah in Basra and because he had gained the enmity of some individuals on a hot summers day, he had to leave the city on foot. After this, he went to Huraymil however, when there was an attempt for his assassination he left the city, set off to Uyayna, and was under the Himyah (protection) of Uthmn bin Mamar the Amir of Uyayna. In Uyayna events to destroy places of Shirk such as the tomb of Zayd bin Hattb (Radiyallahu anh) being demolished to begin with and a female being applied Rajm (stoned to death) as punishment of Zin (adultery) under the leadership of the Shaykh, had terrified the enemies of Islm and finally Uthmn bin Mamar submitted to the repression and treachery and expelled the Shaykh from Uyayna.

Leaving Uyayna the Shaykh went to Dariya and there he met Muhammad bin Suud (1158H). Ibnu Suud accepted the call of Tawhid by the Shaykh and promised he would assist him in every need. Thus by agreement they continued the struggle together and did not separate until death. After this alliance of sword and pen, the Dwah (call) of Tawhd spread in waves to villages and towns and ultimately along with the establishment of administration relying on Aqidah the Salafi Dwah began to be heard everywhere.

Abdur Rahman bin Hasan (Rahimahullah) -grandson of Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah)- stated the following in the beginning of his priceless book namely Fathul Majd -which is Sharh (explanation) of Kitbut Tawhd of Shaykhul Islm- concerning the Shaykh (Rahimahullah) and his Dawah:

May Allah Tala reward Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) with Ajr (reward) and Thawb (spiritual merit). May Allah Tala forgive him and those who accept his D'wah (call) up until to Yawmul Hasb (the Day of the Reckoning). Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) opened an era by explaining Tawhd and its convincing proofs fairly; gathering evidences to clarify it and shed light upon it. Thus, it became Ilm (Sacred Knowledge) for the Muwahhidn and Hujjah (proof) for (against) the Mulhidn (pl. Mulhid; atheists). Thus, a great deal of the creation and large crowds make use of it.

So indeed this Imm (Rahimahullah) from the beginning of his youth, Allah Tala has opened his chest to the manifest Haqq (truth) that which Allah Tala sent with the Messengers; those who have Ikhls (sincerity) in the Ibadh (worship) with all its types, for Allah (alone) Lord of the Worlds and rejection of Shirk that many of the Mushrikn are upon.

So Allah Tala exalted his Himmah (spiritual aspiration), strengthened his devoutness, he initiated his Dwah (call) to the People of Najd (region) towards Tawhd which is the essence of Islm and Imn (faith) and he prohibited them from worshiping to the trees, the stones, the graves, the Tawght (pl. Taght) and the idols; (prohibited them) from believing in the magic/magician, the Munajjim (astrologers; claim to read things in the stars, writes and works with horoscopes) and the Kahin (soothsayers).

So Allah Tala annulled with his D'wah every type of the Bidah (religious innovation) and Dallah (deviation) that which every Shaytn (Satan) call upon. Allah Tala established with his Dwah the banner of Jihd. Allah Tala refuted with his Dwah repugnant doubts among the Ahlush Shirk wal Ind (The People of Shirk and Stubbornness).

Majority of the people both the townsman and the Bedouin- of that country (i.e. Najd region) subjected to Islm. His Dwah and his works spread widely, so much so that people of discord (against him and his Dwah) affirmed upon him with his virtue (and excellence) except those who are under the governance of the Shaytan and made him hate Imn so he persists on stubbornness and tyranny. The People of the Arabian Peninsula awakened with his D'wah just as -Qatada (Rahimahullah) said regarding- the state of the first of this Ummah (nation; of Islm).

When the Muslimn said La-ilaha Illalah (there is no true- God deserves to be worshipped- but Allah), the Mushrikn opposed that and became haughty towards them. Both Ibls (Lucifer) and his army became strained with the Kalimah (statement); thus turned away from Allah except to terminate it, triumph it, cleave it, and to help those who oppose it. It is a Kalimah that whoever disputes with it cleaves; whoever fights with it becomes triumphant. So indeed the people of this peninsula know it as a rider travels nights sparse and walks through life among a group of people who do not know it nor who neither study it thoroughly.11

His death and Odes Written About Him

After a life built upon Ilm (knowledge), Amal (action), Dwah (invitation) and Sabr (patience), Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) died at the age of 92 in year 1206H (1792 CE). As Abdur Rahman bin Hasan (Rahimahullah) mentioned: "Allah Tala opened the chests of many scholars for the D'wah of Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah), they were pleased with his talent and praised him with both prose and poetry."12 Following his death scholars such as Shawkn (Rahimahullah) and Husayn bin Ghannm (Rahimahullah) wrote odes for him. Also
Amr as-Sann, had written a Qasidah (ode) about praising him during his life time.

The True Nature of His Dwah

Shaykh'ul Islm Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhb (Rahimahullaah) said the following while describing himself, and his D'wah (call):

I tell you that Alhamdulillah (praise be to Allah) my belief and my religion, according to which I worship Allah, is the way of Ahl'us Sunnah wal Jamah, which was the way of the Imms of the Muslims, such as the Four Imms and their followers until the Day of Resurrection. But I explain to people that they must devote their worship sincerely to Allah (Ikhls). I forbid them to call upon the Prophets and the dead among the righteous and others, and from associating them with Allah in any act of worship that should be done for Allah alone, such as offering sacrifices, making vows, putting ones trust, prostrating and other actions which are due to Allah and in which no one should be associated with Him, not any angel who is close to Him or any Prophet who was sent. This is the Message which was proclaimed by all the Messengers, from the first of them to the last of them, and this is the way of Ahl'us Sunnah wal Jamah.13

Then Shaykh'ul Islm Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhb (Rahimahullaah), described those who go against his D'wah and said:

I hold a high position in my village and people listen to me. Some of the leaders denounced that because it goes against the customs they grew up with. I also obliged those who are under me to perform regular prayer, pay Zakh (obligatory charity) and fulfill other Islmic duties, and I forbade them to deal with Rib (interest), Muskirt (drink intoxicants) and Munkart (other kinds of forbidden things). The leaders could not criticize that or find fault with it, because it is something that is liked by the common folk, so they directed their criticism and enmity against that which I enjoin of Tawhd and that which I forbid of Shirk, and they confused the common folk by saying that this goes against what everyone is doing, and they caused a great deal of Fitnah. They sent upon us both the horseman and the footman of the Shaytn...14

May Allah treat with mercy; the Shaykh and all those Muwahhid scholars who had a hand in spreading the Call of Tawhd and may he destine us to benefit from their works. (mn!)




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6- This short biography had been compiled from independent sections regarding the life of the Shaykh (Rahimahullah) in books by renowned scholars such as "Hayatush Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb" by Isml al-Ansr, "Mashiru Ulamain Najd" by Abdur Rahman bin Abdil Latf, "Fathul Majd Sharhu Kitbit Tawhid" by Abdur Rahman bin Hasan and "al-Alm" by Zirikl etc.

7- Husayn bin Gannm, Rawdatul Afkr, 1/25

8- Abdil Latf bin Abdur Rahman, Misbhuz Zalm, 9

9- Abdil Latf bin Abdur Rahman, Misbhuz Zalm, 139-140

10- ad-Durarus Saniyyah, 16/316

11- Abdur Rahman bin Hasan, Fathul Majd Sharhu Kitbit Tawhd, 3-4.

12- Abdur Rahman bin Hasan, Fathul Majd Sharhu Kitbit Tawhd, 4.

13- ad-Durar'us Saniyya, 1/64-65.

14- ad-Durar'us Saniyya, 1/79-80.
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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Introduction

Bismillah,

Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (rahimahullah) in his book Mukhtasar Sratir Rasl (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) greatly dealt with the matter of Takfr on the person who utters La-ilaha Illallah (there is no true- god deserving to be worshipped- but Allah) and brought many incidents from the history successfully as evidence for its legality and a necessity in Sharah (Islamic law). We are going to translate and share the related part of the book (pg 40-54) in order to let the people of our era know the reality of the matter -it is because the reality of declaring Takfr (excommunication) upon the Muayyan (particular/specific) person is unknown today- and examples from history regarding declaring Takfr upon the Muayyan (specific) person.

We ask Allah Tala to make it beneficial for us. Walhamdulillah (And all praise is due to Allah)!
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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Evidences for Declaring Takfr upon the Person who Utters La-ilaha Illallah

Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah)
Mukhtasaru Sratir Rasl (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), 40-54








قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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Wars of Riddah (Apostasy) and the Matter of Takfr of the Person Who Utters La-ilaha Illallah (there is no true- god -deserving to be worshiped- but Allah)

When the Arabs adopted Islm they entered into the Dn of Allah (i.e. Islm) in crowds and began fighting against the Ajam (non-Arab). Allah Tala chose for him (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) what is in His Talas presence. So, Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died after staying in Madnah for ten years. Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) established the Risalh (prophethood) and executed the Amnah (faithfulness). Then the famous (wars of) Riddah (apostasy) took place.

Therefore, when Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died, Irtidd (apostate) overcame those who embraced Islm and a grave Fitnah (trial) took place. Allah Tala fastened in Dn to whom He blessed with steadfastness upon by the cause of Ab Bakr as-Siddq (Radiyallahu Anh).

Therefore, Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu Anh) stood against the Fitnah of Irtidd in a standing that not anyone among the Sahabh stood with. He (Rahimahullah) reminded them what they had forgotten, taught them what they were ignorant of, and encouraged them regarding what they were afraid of. Thus, Allah Tala fastened with him (Rahimahullah) the Dn of Islm. May Allah Tala make us those who follow him (Rahimahullah) and follow what his Ashb undertook. Allah Tala commands:


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَنْ يَرْتَدَّ مِنْكُمْ عَنْ دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ يُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ
O ye who believe! If any from among you turn back from his Faith, soon will Allah produce a people whom He will love as they will love Him, lowly with the believers, mighty against the rejecters, fighting in the way of Allah... (al-Midah 5/54)

Hasan (al-Basr) said,

هم والله أبو بكر وأصحابه

They are (i.e. those who mentioned in the yah) are Wallahi (by Allah) Ab Bakr (Radiyallahu Anh) his Ashb (companions).
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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Fighting the Ahlur Riddah

Fighting the Ahlur Riddah and the likeness of Riddah: Arabs were divided regarding their Riddah.

A Tifah (group) among them returned to worshiping the idols and said: If Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was a Nab why did he die.
 
A Firqah (sect) among them said: We believe in Allah but we will not pray (Salt; daily prayers).

A Tifah among them affirmed Islm and they prayed (Salt) however hindered paying Zakt (obligatory charity).

A Tifah bore witness that La-ilaha Illallah (there is no true- god deserving to be worshipped- but Allah) and that Muhammadan Raslullah (indeed Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah) however they validated Musaylamah as a partner in the Nubuwwah (prophethood) of the Nab (Sallallahu Alayhis Salam). That is, it was established by being presented, with this they confirmed. Among the Ashb (companions) of Musaylamah there was a man who was Marf (well-known) with his Ilm (knowledge) and Ibadh (worship) who was called as ar-Rajjl. Thus, they confirmed him due to what he knew from Ilm and Ibadh. Some of those whom were steadfast among them said (the following verses) regarding him:


يا سعاد الفؤاد بنت أثال ... طال ليلي بفتنة الرجال
فتن القوم بالشهادة والل ... هـ عزيز ذو قوة ومحال

O Sudul Fud, daughter of Athl ... My night lengthened due to Fitnah (trial) of ar-Rajjl
He put his people into Fitnah with his Shahdah (witnessing) ... Allah is Azz (Mighty) and possessor of Quwwah (strength).

A Qawm (people, tribe) from Ahlul Yemen (the People of Yemen) validated al-Aswadil Ans with regards to his claim for the Nubuwwah.
A Qawm validated (claim of Nubuwwah of) Tulayhatul Asad.

Not even one of the Sahbah had Shakk (doubted) regarding the Kufr of those we mentioned and the Wujb (obligation) of fighting with them except those who denied paying Zakt. When Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu Anh) determined fighting with them, it was said to him (by the Sahbah): How could we fight with them since Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said:


أمرت أن أقاتل الناس حتى يقولوا لا إله إلا الله. فإذا قالوها عصموا مني دماءهم وأموالهم، إلا بحقها
I have been commanded that I should fight against people till they declare that La-ilaha Illallah (there is no true- god deserves to be worshiped- but Allah), and when they profess it (i.e. La-ilaha Illallah), their blood and riches are guaranteed protection on my behalf except the right of Islam (where it is justified by law).15

So Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu Anh) said:

فإن الزكاة من حقها، والله لو منعوني عِقالًا كانوا يؤدونه إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لقاتلتهم على منعه
...for Zakh is a right of Islm. By Allah, I would fight against them even to secure the cord (used for hobbling the feet of a camel) which they used to give to the Messenger of Allah (as Zakt) but now they have withheld it.16

Therefore, the Shubhah (doubt) of the Sahbah (Radiyallahu Anhum) was removed so that they realized the Wujb of fighting against them. Then they fought against them and Allah Tala helped them. Thus, they fought against those who fought against them and took their womenfolk and dependants (children and family members) as slaves.



Quote
15- Muslim, Hadth no: 21.

16- This Hadth was related with this Lafdh (wording) by Muslim, Abi Dwud and Tirmidh. Suyt mentioned that it is Mutawtir (mass related) Hadth.
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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The Most Important Thing Upon the Muslim is the Marifah (Recognition) of Tawhd From Shirk

Pondering upon this Qissah (story) is among what is most important for the Muslim today that Allh Tal made amongst the Hujjah (proof) upon His Tals creation till Yawmil Qiymah (the Doomsday). So whoever truly ponders upon this Qissah should do so with a thorough pondering, especially if he recognized that Allh Tal made it known upon the tongues of the Amm (lay people), that the Ulam made Ijm (consensus) upon Abi Bakr (Radiyallhu Anh) being correct in this matter and they accounted this (i.e. being correct on his view which was contrary to many of the Sahbah) among greatest of his virtues and his Ilm. Indeed Abi Bakr (Radiyallhu Anh) did not pause from fighting against them rather he fought against them from the beginning at its appearance.

They knew the abundance of Abi Bakr (Radiyallhu Anh)s Fahm (comprehension) from his Istidll (deduction) against them with the Dall (evidence) which was Ishkal (problematic) for them. So he refuted them with their own Dall along with the matter being clear in the Qurn and the Sunnah. As for the Qurn, Allh Tal states:


فَإِذَا انسَلَخَ الأَشْهُرُ الْحُرُمُ فَاقْتُلُواْ الْمُشْرِكِينَ حَيْثُ وَجَدتُّمُوهُمْ وَخُذُوهُمْ وَاحْصُرُوهُمْ وَاقْعُدُواْ لَهُمْ كُلَّ مَرْصَدٍ فَإِن تَابُواْ وَأَقَامُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَآتَوُاْ الزَّكَاةَ فَخَلُّواْ سَبِيلَهُمْ
But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and pay Zakt, then open the way for them. (at-Tawbah 9/5)

It was related in the Sahhayn (two Sahh; Sahh of Bukhr & Sahh of Muslim) on the authority of Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) that he said:

أُمِرْتُ أن أقاتل الناس حتى يشهدوا أن لا إله إلا الله، وأن محمدا رسول الله، ويقيموا الصلاة، ويؤتوا الزكاة. فإذا فعلوا ذلك: عصموا مني دماءهم وأموالهم، إلا بحق الإسلام وحسابهم على الله تعالى
"I have been ordered (by Allh) to fight against the people until they testify that there is no -true- god -deserves to be worshiped- but Allh and that Muhammad is Allh's Messenger, and establish the prayer and pay Zakt, so if they perform that, then they save their lives and property from me except for the right of Islm (Islmic laws) and then their reckoning (accounts) will be done by Allh Tal."17

So this is Kitbullh (the Book of Allh), it is the clearest for the dull among the Amm. This is the Kalm (speech) of Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam). This is the Ijm of the Ulam (scholars) that which I had mentioned to you.



Quote
17- Bukhr, Hadth no: 25; Muslim, Hadth no: 22.
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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The Person Who Utters L-ilha Illllh and Acted upon What Contradicts/Invalidates It

That which gives you decent recognition of this is Marifah of its opposite. Its opposite is what the Ulam (!) of our era says: Whoever utters L-ilha Illllh then he is Muslim; his wealth and blood (life) is Harm (prohibited) to shed, he will neither be declared Takfr upon nor will he be fought. They even profess this (ruling) for the Bedouin who denies al-Baith (Resurrection). They have no knowledge of the Shariah (Islmic laws). They allege that their Btil Shariah is Haqq (true), if one of them brought legal action against his adversary in the Shariah of Allh then accounts his enemy (adversary) as the one who rejects the Munkart (pl, Munkar; objectionable things) rather in short: They disbelieve the Qurn from its beginning to its end, they disbelieve the Dn of Rasl (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) totally along with affirming them with their tongues and also affirm that: Their Shariah is invented by their fathers whom disbelieved the Shariah of Allh. Ulam (!) of today confesses all of these and says: There is nothing from a Shir (identifying characteristic) of the Islm in them.

This opinion is received by the Amm from their Ulam. They rejected what Allh Tal and His Rasl (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) declared. Rather they declared Takfr upon those who confirmed Allh Tal and His Rasl (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) in this matter and they also said: Whoever declared Takfr upon a Muslim then he committed Kufr.

In their presence, Muslim is the one who: There is nothing with him from Shiar of the Islm except that he utters L-ilha Illllh with his tongue. He is farthest of the people with regards to comprehension, verification of what is required/sought of it by Ilm (sacred-knowledge), Aqdah (creed) and Amal (deed) wise.


Know may Allh have mercy upon you- indeed this matter is the most important thing among everything upon you. It is because it is (regarding the matters of) the Kufr and the Islm. If we confirm them then we commit Kufr (disbelieved) to what was descended (revealed) to Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) just as we mentioned to you from the Qurnil Karm, the Sunnah (of the Prophet) and the Ijm (consensus of the scholars). When you confirmed Allh Tal and His Rasl (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) they became your enemy and declared Takfr upon you. This is Sarh (evident) Kufr by the Qurn and the Rasl in this matter. It is widespread on the earth to the east and the west of it and none other than a little escaped from it.

If you have Rajah (hope) for the Jannah (Paradise) and Khawf (fear) from al-Nr (the Fire i.e. Hell-fire) then seek this matter and study it from the Kitb (Book; Qurn) and the Sunnah. Clarify it; do not fail to request of it due to the great need for it. It is because it is (regarding the matters of) the Islm and the Kufr.

Say: O Allh!.. Inspire me to guidance, make me to comprehend You, make me know what is in Your presence, save me from the deviated Fitnah (trial) as long as You make me live.
 
Mostly make Du (prayer) with the Du that is Sahih (authentic) on the account of Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam). Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) made Du while he was praying (Salt; daily prayers) and it is as follows:


اللهم رب جبريل وميكائيل وإسرافيل، فاطر السموات والأرض، عالم الغيب والشهادة، أنت تحكم بين عبادك فيما كانوا فيه يختلفون، اهدني لما اخْتُلِفَ فيه من الحق بإذنك. إنك تهدي من تشاء إلى صراط مستقيم
"O Allh; Lord of Jibrl, and Mkl, and Isrfl, Ftir (the Originator) of the heavens and the earth, Who knowest al-Ghayb (the unseen) and the seen; Thou decidest amongst Thy servants concerning their differences. Guide me with Thy permission in the divergent views (which the people) hold about al-Haqq (the truth), for it is Thou Who guidest whom Thou wilt to Sirt Mustaqm (the Straight Path)."18

Due to the increase on the matter of clarification and the severity of Dalil (pl. Dall; evidences) are needed. So we say: In order to discern the wise people an example from them:



Quote
18- Muslim, Hadth no: 770.
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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Evidences For Declaring Takfr Upon The Person Who Utters La-ilaha Illallh

The First Evidence: Tribe of Ban Hanfah, Ahlur Riddah (The People of Apostates)

The (tribe of) Ban Hanfah was the most famous of Ahlur Riddah and they were known as Ahlur Riddah by the general people. They in the presence of the people- were the worst of Ahlul Riddah and the wicked in Kufr. Along with this, they attest to La-ilaha Illallh and that Muhammad is the Rasl (Messenger) of Allh. They call Adhn (call to prayer) and pray (Salt; daily prayers). Along with this, due to the witnesses who witnessed (to the claim of prophet-hood by Musaylimah) along with Rajjal, most of them (i.e. people of the tribe Ban Hanfah) deem that the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) commanded them with this (i.e. submit to the Musaylimatul Kadhhb).

While they knew this without doubting, it and they say, Whoever utters La-ilaha Illallh then he is Muslim even if he does not have Shiar (identifying characteristic) of Islm with him, rather abandons Islm and intentionally mocks it. Fa Subhnallh (Glory to be Allh)!.. He is the turner of the hearts as He wishes. How did He Tal collect in the heart of the one who has intellect -even if he is the most ignorant of the people- that; knowing Ban Hanfah committed Kufr along with those whom we mentioned their state. A submission of the Bedouin. Even if they abandon Islm totally, reject it and mock it on purpose. It is because they utter La-ilaha Illallh!!. I witness that Allh Tal has power over everything.

We ask Allh Tal to fasten our hearts in His Dn, not diverge our hearts after giving Hidyah (guidance) to us and give us Rahmah (mercy) from Himself. Indeed, He is al-Wahhb (the Bestower).
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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The Second Evidence: An Incident that Took Place During the Era of al-Khulafur Rshdun (The Rightly Guided Caliphs); Qissah (Story) of the Remnants of Ban Hanfah

There is another Qissah (story) that took place during the time of Khulafur Rshidn. It is about the remaining (tribe) Ban- Hanifah; they returned to Islm, kept distant from Musaylamah and affirmed Musaylamahs lies. Their guilt for their sins grew. They withstood their family for Jihd for the sake (in the cause) of Allh in the gaps between the enemy lines so that it may erase from them the traces of Riddah (apostasy). It is because Allh Tal states:

إِلّا مَنْ تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا فَأُولَئِكَ يُبَدّلُ اللّهُ سَيّئَاتِهِمْ حَسَنَاتٍ
Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allh will change the evil of such persons into good. (al-Furqn 25/70);

وَإِنّي لَغَفّارٌ لِمَنْ تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا ثُمّ اهْتَدَى
I am He that forgives again and again, to those who repent, believe, and do right, who, in fine, are on true guidance. (T-H 20/82)

So they went down to (the city of) Kfah and they became known with a district, in it there was a Masjid that was called as Masjid Ban- Hanifah. So some of the Muslimn passed by the Masjid between Maghrib (prayer) and Ish (prayer). They heard from them (the people in the Masjid Ban- Hanifah) speech that meant: Musaylamah is upon the Haqq (truth)! They were a crowded Jamah (society) however none of them said anything or rejected what was said.

So, the Muslimn raised the matter to their governor Abdullh bin Masd (Radiyallhu Anh). Thus, Abdullh bin Masd (Radiyallhu Anh) gathered the Sahbah in his presence and consulted them: Will they be killed although they had made Tawbah (repentance) or will they be asked to make Tawbah? Thus, some of them pointed out killing them without offering them Tawbah and some of them pointed out offering them Tawbah. So, some of them had offered Tawbah and some of them killed without being offered Tawbah.

So, ponder may Allh have mercy upon you!- they (i.e. the remaining of the tribe Ban Hanifah) displayed troublesome Amlus Slihat (righteous deeds), they distanced themselves from Kufr and returned (after performing apostate) to Islm. Nothing had been displayed by them except a concealed statement Madh (praising) Musaylamah overheard by some of the Muslimn. Besides this, none among them (i.e. Sahbah) had Tawaqquf (paused) regarding the Kufr of all of them; those whom uttered it and those who did not reject it however the Ikhtilf (disagreement) was regarding: whether their Tawbah will be accepted or not? This Qissah is from Sahh of Bukhr.

So where in this Kalm (speech) is the saying of those who claim to be the Ulam: The Bedouin while having no Shiar of Islm with them except their utterance of La-ilha Illallh will be ruled with their Islm because of this utterance? Where is this and what (where are those to whom) the Sahbah had Ijm upon: Whoever utters such statement or present there without rejection?


سارت مشرقة وسرت مغربا ... شتان بين مشرق ومغرب
He walked to the Mashriq (East) and you walked to the Maghrib (West) ... What distance between Mashriq and Maghrib?

Our Lord, I seek refuge to You from being among them to whom You stated the following regarding:


مَثَلُهُمْ كَمَثَلِ الَّذِي اسْتَوْقَدَ نَاراً فَلَمَّا أَضَاءتْ مَا حَوْلَهُ ذَهَبَ اللّهُ بِنُورِهِمْ وَتَرَكَهُمْ فِي ظُلُمَاتٍ لاَّ يُبْصِرُونَ صُمٌّ بُكْمٌ عُمْيٌ فَهُمْ لاَ يَرْجِعُونَ
Their similitude is that of a man who kindled a fire; when it lighted all around him, Allh took away their light and left them in utter darkness. So they could not see. (al-Baqarah 2/17-18);

إِنّ شَرّ الدّوَابّ عِنْدَ اللّهِ الصّمّ الْبُكْمُ الّذِينَ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ
For the worst of beasts in the sight of Allh are the deaf and the dumb, those who understand not. (al-Anfl 8/22)
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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The Third Evidence: Qissah of Those Who Divinized Ali Bin Abi Tlib (Radiyallhu Anh)

What took place during the time of al-Khulafur Rshidn (The Rightly Guided Caliphs) and the Qissah (story) of Ashb (companions) of Ali bin Abi Tlib (Radiyallhu Anh) who had Itiqd (belief) in the Uluhiyyah (divinity) of Ali bin Abi Tlib (Radiyallhu Anh) as the belief existing today regarding the divinity of the people among the worst Kfir and the worst Fsiq (corrupt) of Ban-i Adam (humanity). Thus, Ali (Radiyallhu Anh) called them to make Tawbah and they resisted. Then prepared grooves and pits for them filled it with wood, set them on fire and threw them into the fire alive.

It is Malm (known) regarding the Kfir just like al-Yahd (the Jews) and an-Nasarn (the Christians), that Allh Tal commanded with his killing; incineration with fire is not Jaiz (permissible). So know that they are worse in Kufr than the Jews and the Christians.

This is regarding those who were praying during the night and fasting during the day, reciting the Qurn taking it(s knowledge) from the Ashb (companions) of Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam). Subsequently when they went extreme regarding Ali (Radiyallhu Anh), this extremism incinerated them with fire while they were alive. The Sahbah and Ahlul Ilm (the People of Sacred-Knowledge), all of them made Ijm upon their Kufr. So where is this and where is the person who says this regarding the Bedouin with his confession to this Qissah and its likes along with his confession that the Bedouin disbelieved in Islm altogether except their uttering La-ilaha Illalh.

Know that the crime of those (who worshiped Ali Radiyallhu Anh) is regarding the Ulhiyyah (divinity; due to attributing divinity to him) and we do not know any crime on them regarding the Nubuwwah (prophethood). The crime of those who came before them was regarding the Nubuwwah and we do not know of any crime by them regarding Ulhiyyah. This explains to you the meaning of the Shahdatayn (witnessing that La-ilaha Illallh Muhammadun Raslullh i.e. there is no true- god deserves to be worshipped- but Allh and that Muhammad is His Messenger) which is Aslul Islm (bases of Islm).
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

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Re: EVIDENCES FOR DECLARING TAKFR UPON THE PERSON WHO UTTERS LA-ILAHA ILLALLAH
« Reply #13 on: September 08, 2018, 07:12:55 PM »
The Fourth Evidence: Qissah of Mukhtr Bin Ab Ubayd ath-Thaqaf

What took place also during the time of Sahbah and it is a Qissah of Mukhtr bin Ab Ubayd ath-Thaqaf. Mukhtr was a man from the Tbin (next generation after the Sahbah) and he was related to Abdullh bin Umar (Radiyallhu Anhuma) from the way of his wife and also his father. Outwardly, he was a righteous man. He came out in Irq requesting the blood of Husayn (Radiyallhu Anh) and his Ahlul Bayt (household). So he killed Ibnu Ziyd and (people) inclined to him because he requested the blood (i.e. retaliation) of the Ahlul Bayt who were under the Dhulm (oppression) of Ibnu Ziyd. So invaded Irq and manifested Shariah of Islm and deputed judges and governors from the Ashb of Ibnu Masud (Radiyallhu Anh). Mukhtr himself was praying Jumuah (Friday prayer) and Jamaah (congregation) with the people.

However, at the end of his life he claimed to be receiving Wahy (revelation). Abdullh bin Zubayr (Radiyallahu Anhuma) sent an army to him, defeated his soldiers and killed him. The leader of the army was Musab bin Zubayr (Radiyallahu Anhuma). His wife was a daughter of one of the Sahbah. Musab bin Zubayr (Radiyallahu Anhuma) called her to declare Takfr upon Mukhtr and she refused. So Musab wrote to his brother Abdullh (bin Zubayr) to consult with him. So Abdullh wrote to him: If she does not distant from him then kill her. So she refrained and then Musab killed her.

All of the Ulam had Ijm (consensus) upon the Kufr of Mukhtr although he established the Shir (pl. Shiar; identifying characteristics) of Islm since he committed a crime against Nubuwwah.

When the Sahbah killed his wife who is daughter of the Sahbah for refraining from the Takfr of Mukhtr then what would be the state of a person who does not declare Takfr upon the Bedouin along with affirming their state? What would be the state of a person who claims to be Ahlul Islm (the People of Islm i.e. Muslim) and those who called them to Islm were Kfir? O Rabb we ask from You al-Afw (the amnesty) and al-Afiyyah (the wellness)!..
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."

Julaybib

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Re: EVIDENCES FOR DECLARING TAKFR UPON THE PERSON WHO UTTERS LA-ILAHA ILLALLAH
« Reply #14 on: September 28, 2018, 04:53:50 PM »
The Fifth Evidence: Qissah of Jad bin Dirham Which Took Place During the Time of Tbin

What took place during the time of Tbin and it is the Qissah of Jad bin Dirham. Jad bin Dirham was one of the most famous people with his Ilm (knowledge) and Ibadh (worship) whereas he denied something from Siftullh (attributes of Allh). Along with his opinions being hidden for the majority, Khlid bin Abdullh al-Qasr slaughtered him on Yawmul Adh (Day of Sacrifice). So Khlid bin Abdullh al-Qasr said:

يا أيها الناس ضحوا تقبل الله ضحاياكم فإني مضح بالجعد بن درهم، فإنه زعم أن الله لم يتخذ إبراهيم خليلا، ولم يكلم موسى تكليما

O People, may Allh accept your slaughter that you slaughtered. Indeed my sacrifice is Jad bin Dirham. Since Jad bin Dirham deemed that Allh Tal had not taken Ibrhm (Alayhis Salm) as a Khalil (intimate friend) and Allh Tal had not spoken to Mus (Alayhis Salm) directly.

Thus, Khlid bin Abdullh al-Qasr got down and sacrificed Jad bin Dirham.

None of the Ulam that knew this incident rejected it. Rather Ibnul Qayyim (Rahimahullh) mentioned favourable Ijm of the Ulam so he said:


شكر الضحية كل صاحب سنة ... لله درك من أخي قربان
Every owner of Sunnah praised the blood sacrifice
Your achievement is due to Allh my brother sacrifice
19

Thus, this was what they had done -to a man who was one of the most famous of the people with his Ilm and Ibadh and took Ilm from the Sahbah- they favorably made Ijm upon his death. Where is this Ijm of the Ulam and where is this Itiqd of the enemies of Allh regarding the Bedouin?



Quote
19- This statement of Ibnu Qayyim is found in his book "an-Nniyyah (al-Kfiyatush Shfiyah fil Intisr lil Firqatin Njiyah, 7)" in poetry form. The related part of the statement from the beginning of the verses is as follows:

ولأجل ذا ضحى بجعد خالد الـ
قسري يوم ذبائح القربان

إذ قال إبـراهيم ليـس خليله
كلا ولا موسى الكليم الدان

شكر الضحيةَ كلُ صاحب سنة
لله دَرُّك من أخي قربــان


For this reason he sacrificed Jad (bin Dirham)
Khlid (bin Abdullh) al-Qasr (sacrificed him) on the day that the sacrificed were slaughtered,

(Due to his claim that) when he said Ibrhm is not taken as His Khall (close friend by Allh)
(and) denied His (i.e. Allh) speaking with Ms

Every owner of Sunnah praised the blood sacrifice
Your achievement is due to Allh my brother sacrifice
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La-ilaha Illallah (there is no -true- god -to be worshiped- but Allah) and thus be successful."