التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: LIST OF SCHOLARS THAT DECLARE TAKFR UPON SHAYKHUL AKFAR IBNU ARAB  (Read 559 times)

Izhr'ud Dn

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List of Scholars that Declare Takfr Upon Shaykhul Akfar Ibnu Arab

Bismillhir Rahmnir Rahm,

The matter of declaring Takfr upon Ibnu Arab, Shaykhul Akfar, has been introduced as the work of Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullh by the Ahlut Tasawwuf wherein they condemn him. Whereas, throughout history, scholars among the Ummah (Islmic nation); before and after Ibnu Taymiyyah, those who were impressed by him or those who were his nemesis due to bigotry and/or Hasad (envy) or those who are differ from him in general due to being from the Ashar sect declared openly Takfr upon Ibnu Arab. Some among the Ulam stated that the statements and books which are referred to him are Kufr, however because there are doubts that these works belong to Ibnu Arab, they refrained from declaring Muayyan (specific) Takfr upon Ibnu Arab.

Burhnud Dn al-Biq Rahimahullh has mentioned the views of Ibnu Arab which contain Kufr, Ilhd (Atheism), Zandiqah (heresy), and Nifq (hypocrisy). He has mentioned and refuted these views, and he has also listed the names and the Fataw by the Ulam which made Takfr of Ibnu Arab in his book renowned as, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibnu Arab. Aliyyul Qr Rahimahullh has quoted the statements of the Ulam regarding the Takfr of Ibnu Arab in his book ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd.

Here, we will mention the names of the Ulam which are mentioned in these books in the form of a list,

   Imm, Exemplary rif, Shaykhul Islm Hfidh of his time, Shaykh Zaynud Dn Abdur Rahm Ibnul Husayn al-Irq (725-806H).[1]

   Al bin Muhammad bin Al ash-Sharf al-Jurjn (740-814H).[2]

   Abdur Rahmn bin Ahmad bin Abdil Ghaffr Adudud Dn al-j (709-753H).[3]

   Masd bin Umar bin Abdillh as-Sad at-Taftzn (712-792H).[4]

   Son of Shaykh Zaynuddn al-Irq; Ab Zura, Imm Waliyyud Dn Ahmad al-Irq (762-826H).[5]

   Imm Ab Al Ibnu Khall as-Sukt.[6]

   Imm Shahbud Dn Ahmad bin Yahy bin Ab Hajlah at-Tilmisn al-Hanaf (725-776H).[7]

   Imm Sayfud Dn Abdil Latf bin Balbn as-Sud.[8]

   Allmah Badrud Dn Husayn Ibnul Ahdal.[9]

   Shaykh Abayt Husayn from Yemen.[10]

   Sultnul Ulam, Izzud Dn Abdul Azz bin Abdis Salm bin Abil Qsim as-Sulam ash-Shfi (557-660H).[11]

   Shaykhul Islm Taqiyyud Dn Muhammad bin Daqq al-Iyd (625-702H).[12]

   Shaykh Allmah Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Al bin Ysuf (751-814H), known as Ibnul Jazar ash-Shfi.[13]

   Shaykhul Islm Allmah Qdhiyul Qudht Taqiyyud Dn Abl Hasan Al bin Abdil Kf as-Subk (683-756H).[14]

   Ahmad bin Abdil Halm bin Abdis Salm bin Abdillh bin Abl Qsim Ibnu Taymiyyah al-Harrn then ad-Dimashq (661-728H).[15]

   Qdhiyul Qudht, Exemplary of Ahlut Tasawwuf, Imm of the Shafites Badrud Dn Muhammad bin Jama (639-733H).[16]

   Exemplary rif Imdud Dn Ahmad bin Ibrhm al-Wsit (657-711H).[17]

   Allmah Shamsud Dn Muhammad bin Ysuf Ibnul Jazar, (?-711H).[18]

   Exemplary Imm, Burhnud Dn Ibrhm bin Madd al-Jabar (687H).[19]

   Allmah Zaynud Dn Umar bin Abl Haram al-Qattn ash-Shfi (653-738H).[20]

   Imm Ab Hayyn Muhammad bin Ysuf al-Andulus (654-?H).[21]

   Hfidh Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs (775832H).[22]

   Kaml ad-Damr (742-808H).[23]

   Taq al-Husan.[24]

   Shaykh Bahud Dn as-Subk (719-773H).[25]

   Allmah al-Qdh Sharafud Dn s bin Masd az-Zaww al-Mlik (664-743H).[26]

   Shaykh, Imm, Muhakkik, Zhid, Exemplary rif, Nrud Dn Al bin Yaqb al-Bakr ash-Shfi (?-727H).[27]

   Allmah Najmud Dn Muhammad bin Aql al-Blas ash-Shfi (660-729H).[28]

   Allmah of his time Ab Amma Muhammad bin Al Ibnun Naqqsh al-Misr ash-Shfi (720-763H).[29]

   Author of the book al-Mughn Allmah Jamlud Dn Abdullh bin Ysuf bin Hishm (719-761H).[30]

   Allmah Qdhiyul Qudt Ab Zayd Abdur Rahmn Ibnu Khaldn (732-808H).[31]

   Allmah Shamsud Dn Muhammad al-zar ash-Shfi.[32]

   Allmah Lisnud Dn Muhib Ibnul Hatb al-Andalus al-Mlik (713-766H).[33]

   Hfidh Shamsud Dn Ab Abdillh Muhammad al-Mawsil ash-Shfi.[34]

   Allmah of his time, Qdhiyul Qudht, Qdh of Egypt, Shamsud Dn Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Bast al-Mlik.[35]

   Shaykhul Islm, Hfidh of his time Qdhiyul Qudht, Abul Fadhl Ibnu Hajar (al-Asqaln), (773-852H).[36]

   Shaykh of Ibnu Hajar al-Asqaln, Shaykhul Islm Sirjud Dn Umar bin Rasln al-Bulkn (724-805H).[37]

   Allmah Burhnud Dn as-Safkn.[38]

   Hfidh of his time Shamsud Dn Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Uthmn adh-Dhahab (673-748H).[39]

   Known as Ibnul Hayyt Muft, Imm Radiyud Dn Ab Bakr bin Muhammad bin Slih al-Jabal ash-Shafi (772-811H).[40]

   Imm and Muft, Qdh Shahbud Dn Ahmad bin Al an-Nshir ash-Shfi (789-854H).[41]

   Virtuous one of Yemen, Sharafud Dn Isml bin Ab Bakr al-Muqr ash-Shfi (808-875H).[42]

   Shaykh of his time, lud Dn Muhammad bin Muhammad al-Bukhr al-Hanaf (?-730H).[43]

   Exemplary Zhid of his time, Ibnush Shaykh (son of Shaykh) Al bin Ayyb, Fdhil Jamlud Dn Abdullh (666-748H).[44]

   Hanbal Qdh of Cairo, Qdh Sadud Dn al-Hris (?-711H).[45]

   Ab Abdullh Muhammad bin Arafah al-Wargham at-Tnus al-Mlik (?-803H).[46]

   Hfidh and Zhid Shamsud Dn Muhammad bin Muhib Abdillh bin Ahmad al-Maqdis as-Slih (?-789H).[47]

   Hfidh Jamlud Dn al-Mizz (?-728H).[48]

   Qdh Shihbud Dn Ahmad bin Al bin Hajar ash-Shfi.[49]

   Alud Dawlah as-Samnn, (659-736H).[50]

   Ibnul Muqr, (?-837H).[51]

   Nrud Dn al-Haytham.[52]

   Burhnud Dn al-Biq (809-885H).[53]

   Aliyyul Qr (?-1014H).[54]

Wal Hamdulillh!..
 1. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/52-53, 1/176; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 34, 135.
 
 2. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/79-80.
 
 3. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/79-80.
 
 4. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/81-82.
 
 5. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/135-137, 1/176; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibnu Arab wa Haytuhu, 59-60; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 138.
 
 6. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/137-138.
 
 7. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/151.
 
 8. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/151.
 
 9. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/151.
 
 10. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/151.
 
 11. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/150-153; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 25, 45-51; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 33-35.
 
 12. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/150-153; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 34.
 
 13. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/152; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 33-35.
 
 14. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/152, 1/157; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 54-56; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 34, 135.
 
 15. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/152-155, 179; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 17-28.
 
 16. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/153; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 29-30.
 
 17. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/153.
 
 18. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/155; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 31-33.
 
 19. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/155; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 25.
 
 20. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/155; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 33-34.
 
 21. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/156-157.
 
 22. Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu; Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/157.
 
 23. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/157.
 
 24. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/157.
 
 25. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/157.
 
 26. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/157; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 36-38.
 
 27. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/158-159; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 34-36.
 
 28. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/161.
 
 29. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/161.
 30. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/165.
 
 31. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/165-166; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 40-44.
 
 32. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/168-169.
 
 33. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/169-170.
 
 34. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/170.
 
 35. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/170-173.
 
 36. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/176; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 39.
 
 37. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/176; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 39; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 139.
 
 38. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/176.
 
 39. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/178; Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 56-58; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 136.
 
 40. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/181; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 139.
 
 41. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/181; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 139.
 
 42. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/181.
 
 43. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/182-183.
 
 44. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab, 1/203.
 
 45. Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 30-31.
 
 46. Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 39-40.
 
 47. Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 59; Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 138.
 
 48. Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 60.
 
 49. Taqiyyud Dn al-Fs, Aqdatu Ibni Arab wa Haytuhu, 75-76.
 
 50. Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 21-22.
 
 51. Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 64.
 
 52. Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 135.
 
 53. Burhnud Dn al-Biq, Tanbhul Ghab il Takfri Ibni Arab.
 
 54. Aliyyul Qr, ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd.
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

Izhr'ud Dn

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Quote
assalamu alaikum

i have question about regarding of takfir to ibn arabi , if someone like ibn hajar al haitami defend or ash shawkani stopped from make takfir to ibn arabi what is there are hukm ?

Wa Alaykum. Let us know more about you; who are you and from where do you write to us?

In his refutation to the Wahdatul Wujd (the idea of the unity of existence) Aliyyul Qr Rahimahullh stated,


اعْلَم أَن من اعْتقد حَقِيقَة عقيدة ابْن عَرَبِيّ فكافر بِالْإِجْمَاع من غير النزاع وَإِنَّمَا الْكَلَام فِيمَا ذا أول كَلَامه بِمَا يَقْتَضِي حسن مرامه
Know that, the one who believes in the Haqqah (reality) of the Aqdah (creed) of Ibnu Arab, then he is a Kfir (disbeliever) with Ijm (the consensus of scholars) without any dispute. The controversy is regarding the one who interprets his statements with what necessitates his good intent. (ar-Raddu alal Qilna bi Wahdatil Wujd, 155)

This means, if the scholars you have mentioned and others refrain from declaring Takfr of Ibnu Arab because they believe that Wahdatul Wujd is the Haqq (truth) or at least that it is not Kufr (disbelief), then this is Kufr. However, such condition is not found in these scholars. Their reason for refraining from declaring Takfr of Ibnu Arab is because some of them interpret his statements in a manner suiting the Sharah (Islmic law), some of them claim that these statements do not belong to him and that the Jews ascribed these statements to him, and others assert that he made Tawbah (repented) from this. If this is the case, even though they are mistaken, they would not be declared Takfr of.

Wallhu Alam!
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

 

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