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Author Topic: LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS  (Read 550 times)

Ummah

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بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Laylat'ul Qadr (The Night Of Decree); It's Virtues and Signs
Ibnu Kathîr (Rahimahullâh), Tafsîr (Abridged)

Tafsîr of Sűrat'ul Qadr,

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَـئِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ سَلَـمٌ هِىَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

"In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Verily, We have sent it down in the Night of al-Qadr. And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr is? The Night of al-Qadr is better than a thousand months. Therein descend the angels and the Rűh by their Lord's permission with every matter. There is peace until the appearance of dawn."
(al-Qadr 97/1-5)


The Virtues of Laylat'ul Qadr (The Night Of Qadr i.e. Decree)


Allâh informs that He sent the Qur'ân down during Laylat'ul Qadr, and it is a blessed night about which Allâh says,

إِنَّآ أَنزَلْنَـهُ فِى لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَـرَكَةٍ
"We sent it down on a blessed night." (ad-Dukhân 44/3)

This is Laylat'ul Qadr and it occurs during the month of Ramadhân. This is as Allâh says,

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِى أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ
"The month of Ramadhân in which was revealed the Qur'ân." (al-Baqarah 2/185)

Ibnu Abbâs (Radiyallâhu Anhuma) and others have said,

أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ الْقُرْآنَ جُمْلَةً وَاحِدَةً مِنَ اللَّوْحِ الْمَحْفُوظِ إِلَى بَيْتِ الْعِزَّةِ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا، ثُمَّ نَزَلَ مُفَصَّلًا بِحَسْبِ الْوَقَائِعِ فِي ثَلَاثٍ وَعِشْرِينَ سَنَةً عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

"Allâh sent the Qur'ân down all at one time from Lawh'ul Mahfűz (the Preserved Tablet) to Bayt'ul Izzah (the House of Might), which is in the heaven of this world. Then it came down in parts to the Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) based upon the incidents that occurred over a period of twenty-three years.''

Then Allâh magnified the status of Laylat'ul Qadr, which He chose for the revelation of the Mighty Qur'ân, by His saying,


وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ - لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ
"And what will make you know what the Night of al-Qadr is The Night of al-Qadr is better than a thousand months. (al-Qadr 97/2-3)

Imâm Ahmad (Rahimahullâh) recorded on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (Radiyallâhu Anh) that he said, "When Ramadhân would come, the Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) would say,

قَدْ جَاءَكُمْ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ، شَهْرٌ مُبَارَكٌ، افْتَرَضَ اللهُ عَلَيْكُمْ صِيَامَهُ، تُفْتَحُ فِيهِ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ، وَتُغْلَقُ فِيهِ أَبْوَابُ الْجَحِيمِ، وَتُغَلُّ فِيهِ الشَّيَاطِينُ، فِيهِ لَيْلَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ، مَنْ حُرِمَ خَيْرَهَا فَقَدْ حُرِم
"Verily, the month of Ramadhân has come to you all. It is a blessed month, which Allâh has obligated you all to fast. During it the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are shackled. In it there is a night (i.e. Laylat'ul Qadr) that is better than one thousand months. Whoever is deprived of its good, then he has truly been deprived."

Nasâ'î recorded this same Hadîth.

Aside from the fact that worship during Laylat'ul Qadr is equivalent to worship performed for a period of one thousand months, it is also confirmed in the Two Sahihs from Abu Hurayrah (Radiyallâhu Anh) that the Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) said,


مَنْ قَامَ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِه
"Whoever stands (in prayer) during Laylat'ul Qadr with faith and expecting reward (from Allâh), he will be forgiven for his previous sins."


The Descent of the Angels and the Decree for Every Good during Laylat'ul Qadr


Allâh says,

تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَـئِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
"Therein descend the angels and the Rűh by their Lord's permission with every matter." (al-Qadr 97/4)

Meaning, the angels descend in abundance during Laylat'ul Qadr due to its abundant blessings. The angels descend with the descending of blessings and mercy, just as they descend when the Qur'ân is recited, they surround the circles of Dhikr (remembrance of Allâh) and they lower their wings with true respect for the student of knowledge. In reference to "Rűh", it is said that here it means the angel Jibrîl (Alayh'is Salâm). Therefore, the wording of the Ayah is a method of adding the name of the distinct object (in this case Jibrîl) separate from the general group (in this case the angels). Concerning Allâh's statement,

مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
"...with every matter." (al-Qadr 97/4)

Mujâhid (Rahimahullâh) said,

سَلَامُ هِيَ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

"Peace concerning every matter.''

Sa'îd bin Mansűr said, Îsâ bin Yűnus told us that Â'mash (Rahimahullâh) narrated to them that Mujâhid (Rahimahullâh) said concerning Allâh's statement,


سَلَـمٌ هِىَ
"There is peace." (al-Qadr 97/5)

هِيَ سَالِمَةٌ، لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ يَعْمَلَ فِيهَا سُوءًا أَوْ يَعْمَلَ فِيهَا أَذًى

"It is security in which Shaytân (devil) cannot do any evil or any harm.''

Qatâdah (Rahimahullâh) and others have said,


تُقْضَى فِيهَا الْأُمُورُ، وَتُقَدَّرُ الْآجَالُ وَالْأَرْزَاقُ

"The matters are determined during it, and the times of death and provisions are measured out (i.e., decided) during it.''

Allah says,


فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ
"Therein is decreed every matter of decree." (ad-Dukhân 44/4)

Then Allah says,

سَلَـمٌ هِىَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ
"There is peace until the appearance of dawn." (al-Qadr 97/5)

Sa'îd bin Mansűr said, "Hushaym narrated to us on the authority of Abű Ishâq, who narrated that ash-Sha'bî (Rahimahullâh) said concerning Allâh's statement,

مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ سَلامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ
"...with every matter. There is peace until the appearance of dawn." (al-Qadr 97/4-5)

تَسْلِيمُ الْمَلَائِكَةِ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْمَسَاجِدِ، حَتَّى يَطْلُعَ الْفَجْرُ

"The angels giving the greetings of peace during Laylat'ul Qadr to the people in the Masâjîd (pl. Masjîd) until the coming of Fajr (dawn)."

Qatâdah (Rahimahullâh) and Ibnu Zayd (Rahimahullâh) both said concerning Allah's statement,


سَلَـمٌ هِىَ
"There is peace..."

هِيَ خَيْرٌ كُلُّهَا، لَيْسَ فِيهَا شَرٌّ إِلَى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

"This means all of it is good and there is no evil in it until the coming of Fajr (dawn).''


Specifying Laylat'ul Qadr and its Signs


This is supported by what Imâm Ahmad recorded from Ubâdah Ibn'us Sâmit (Radiyallâhu Anh) that the Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) said,

لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ فِي الْعَشْرِ الْبَوَاقِي، مَنْ قَامَهُنَّ ابْتِغَاءَ حِسْبَتِهِنَّ فَإِنَّ اللهَ يَغْفِرُ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ، وَهِيَ لَيْلَةُ وِتْرٍ: تِسْعٍ أَوْ سَبْعٍ أَوْ خَامِسَةٍ أَوْ ثَالِثَةٍ أَوْ آخِرِ لَيْلَة
"Laylat'ul Qadr occurs during the last ten (nights). Whoever stands for them (in prayer) seeking their reward, then indeed Allâh will forgive his previous sins and his latter sins. It is an odd night: the ninth, or the seventh, or the fifth, or the third or the last night (of Ramadhân)."

The Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) also said,

إِنَّ أَمَارَةَ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ أَنَّهَا صَافِيَةٌ بَلْجَةٌ، كَأَنَّ فِيهَا قَمَرًا سَاطِعًا، سَاكِنَةٌ سَاجِيَةٌ، لَا بَرْدَ فِيهَا وَلَا حَرَّ، وَلَا يَحِلُّ لِكَوْكَبٍ يُرْمَى بِهِ فِيهَا حَتْى يُصْبِحَ، وَإِنَّ أَمَارَتَهَا أَنَّ الشَّمْسَ صَبِيحَتَهَا تَخْرُجُ مُسْتَوِيَةً لَيْسَ لَهَا شُعَاعٌ، مِثْلَ الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ، وَلَا يَحِلُّ لِلشَّيْطَانِ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ مَعَهَا يَوْمَئِذ
"Verily, the sign of Laylat'ul Qadr is that it is pure and glowing as if there were a bright, tranquil, calm moon during it. It is not cold, nor is it hot, and no shooting star is permitted until morning. Its sign is that the sun appears on the morning following it smooth having no rays on it, just like the moon on a full moon night. Shaytân is not allowed to come out with it (the sun) on that day."

This chain of narration is good. In its text there is some oddities and in some of its wordings there are things that are objectionable. Abű Dâwud mentioned a section in his Sunan that he titled, "Chapter: Clarification that Laylat'ul Qadr occurs during every Ramadhân.'' Then he recorded that Abdullâh bin Umar (Radiyallâhu Anhuma) said, "The Messenger of Allâh was asked about Laylat'ul Qadr while I was listening and he (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) said,

هِيَ فِي كُلِّ رَمَضَان
"It occurs during every Ramadhân!"

The men of this chain of narration are all reliable, but Abű Dâwud said that Shu'bah and Sufyân both narrated it from Ishâq and they both considered it to be a statement of the Companion (Ibnu Umar, and thus not the statement of the Prophet Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm). It has been reported that Abű Sa'îd al-Khudrî (Radiyallâhu Anh) said,

"The Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) performed I'tikaf (seclusion) during the first ten nights of Ramadhân and we performed I'tikaf with him. Then Jibrîl (Alayh'is Salâm) came to him and said, "That which you are seeking is in front of you." So the Prophet (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) performed I'tikaf during the middle ten days of Ramadhân and we also performed I'tikaf with him. Then Jibrîl (Alayh'is Salâm) came to him and said; "That which you are seeking is ahead of you." So the Prophet (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) stood up and gave a sermon on the morning of the twentieth of Ramadhân and he said,


مَنْ كَانَ اعْتَكَفَ مَعِيَ فَلْيَرْجِعْ فَإِنِّي رَأَيْتُ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ، وَإِنِّي أُنْسِيتُهَا، وَإِنَّهَا فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ فِي وِتْرٍ، وَإِنِّي رَأَيْتُ كَأَنِّي أَسْجُدُ فِي طِينٍ وَمَاء
"Whoever performed I'tikaf with me, let him come back (for I'tikaf again), for verily I saw Laylat'ul Qadr, and I was caused to forget it, and indeed it is during the last ten (nights). It is during an odd night and I saw myself as if I were prostrating in mud and water. The roof of the Masjid was made of dried palm-tree leaves and we did not see anything (i.e., clouds) in the sky. But then a patch of wind-driven clouds came and it rained. So the Prophet (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) lead us in prayer until we saw the traces of mud and water on the forehead of the Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm), which confirmed his dream.''

In one narration it adds that this occurred on the morning of the twenty-first night (meaning the next morning). They both (Bukhârî and Muslim) recorded it in Sahihayn (the Two Sahihs). Shâfi'î said, "This Hadîth is the most authentic of what has been reported.''

It has also been said that it is on the twenty-third night due to a Hadîth narrated from Abdullah bin Unays (Radiyallâhu Anh) in Sahîh Muslim. It has also been said that it is on the twenty-fifth night due to what Bukhâri recorded from Ibnu Abbâs (Radiyallâhu Anhuma) that the Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) said,


الْتَمِسُوهَا فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فِي تَاسِعَةٍ تَبْقَى، فِي سَابِعَةٍ تَبْقَى، فِي خَامِسَةٍ تَبْقَى
"Seek it in the last ten (nights) of Ramadhân. In the ninth it still remains, in the seventh it still remains, in the fifth it still remains."

Many have explained this Hadîth to refer to the odd nights, and this is the most apparent and most popular explanation.

It has also been said that it occurs on the twenty-seventh night because of what Muslim recorded in his Sahih from Ubay bin Ka'b (Radiyallâhu Anh) that the Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) mentioned that it was on the twenty-seventh night. Imâm Ahmad recorded from Zirr that he asked Ubayy bin Ka'b (Radiyallâhu Anh),


أَبَا الْمُنْذِرِ، إِنَّ أَخَاكَ ابْنَ مَسْعُودٍ يَقُولُ: مَنْ يُقِم الحَولَ يُصبْ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ. قَالَ: يَرْحَمُهُ اللَّهُ، لَقَدْ عَلِمَ أَنَّهَا فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ، وَأَنَّهَا لَيْلَةُ سَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ. ثُمَّ حَلَفَ. قُلْتُ: وَكَيْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ ذَلِكَ؟ قَالَ: بِالْعَلَامَةِ -أَوْ: بِالْآيَةِ-الَّتِي أَخْبَرَنَا بِهَا، تَطْلُعُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ لَا شُعَاعَ لَهَا، أَعْنِي الشَّمْسَ

"O Abu'l Mundhir! Verily, your brother Ibnu Mas'űd (Radiyallâhu Anh) says whoever stands for prayer (at night) the entire year, will catch Laylat'ul Qadr.'' He (Ubayy) said,

"May Allâh have mercy upon him. Indeed he knows that it is during the month of Ramadhân and that it is the twenty-seventh night.'' Then he swore by Allah. Zirr then said, "How do you know that?'' Ubayy (Radiyallâhu Anh) replied,

"By a sign or an indication that he (the Prophet Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) informed us of. It rises that next day having no rays on it -- meaning the sun.''


Muslim has also recorded it. It has been said that it is the night of the twenty-ninth. Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded from Ubâdah Ibn'us Sâmit (Radiyallâhu Anh) that he asked the Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) about Laylat'ul Qadr and he replied,

فِي رَمَضَانَ فَالْتَمِسُوهَا فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ، فَإِنَّهَا فِي وِتْرٍ إِحْدَى وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ ثَلَاثٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ خَمْسٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ سَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ تِسْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ فِي آخِرِ لَيْلَة
"Seek it in Ramadhân in the last ten nights. For verily, it is during the odd nights, the twenty-first, or the twenty-third, or the twenty-fifth, or the twenty-seventh, or the twenty-ninth, or during the last night."

Imâm Ahmad also recorded from Abű Hurayrah (Radiyallâhu Anh) that the Messenger of Allâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) said about Laylat'ul Qadr,

إِنَّهَا لَيْلَةُ سَابِعَةٍ أَوْ تَاسِعَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، وَإِنَّ الْمَلَائِكَةَ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ عَدَدِ الْحَصَى
"Verily, it is during the twenty-seventh or the twenty-ninth night. And verily, the angels who are on the earth during that night are more numerous than the number of pebbles."

Ahmad was alone in recording this Hadith and there is nothing wrong with its chain of narration. Tirmidhî recorded from Abű Qilâbah that he said,

لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ تَنْتَقِلُ فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ
"Laylat'ul Qadr moves around (i.e., from year to year) throughout the last ten nights.''

This view that Tirmidhî mentions from Abű Qilâbah has also been recorded by Mâlik, Thawrî, Ahmad bin Hanbal, Ishâq bin Râhuyah, Abű Thawr, Muzanî, Abű Bakr bin Khuzaymah and others. It has also been related from Shâfi'î, and Qâdî reported it from him, and this is most likely. And Allah knows best.


Supplication During Laylat'ul Qadr


It is recommended to supplicate often during all times, especially during the month of Ramadhân, in the last ten nights, and during the odd nights of it even more so. It is recommended that one say the following supplication a lot:

اللَّهُمَّ، إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ، فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
"O Allah! Verily, You are the Oft-Pardoning, You love to pardon, so pardon me.''

This is due to what Imâm Ahmad recorded from Â'ishah (Radiyallâhu Anha), that she said, "O Messenger of Allâh! If I find Laylat'ul Qadr what should I say?" He (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallâm) replied,

قُولِي: اللْهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
"Say: O Allah! Verily, You are the Oft-Pardoning, You love to pardon, so pardon me.''

Tirmidhî, Nasâ'î and Ibnu Mâjah have all recorded this Hadîth. Tirmidhî said, "This Hadîth is Hasan Sahîh.'' Hâkim recorded it in his Mustadrak (with a different chain of narration) and he said that it is authentic according to the criteria of the two Shaykhs (Bukhârî and Muslim). Nasâ'î also recorded it.

This is the end of the Tafsîr of the Sűrah "Laylat'ul Qadr", and all praise and blessings are due to Allâh.
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Ummah

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Re: LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS
« Reply #1 on: 09.06.2018, 03:43:12 AM »

Shaykh’ul Islâm Ibn Taymiyyah (Radiyallâhu Anhu wa Ardha) was asked about Laylat’ul Qadr, whilst imprisoned in the mountain citadel (in Cairo) in the year 706H.

So he (Rahimahullâh) responded:

"Alhamdulillâh (All praise is for Allâh)!.. Laylat’ul Qadr (the Night of Decree) is in the last ten (nights) of the month of Ramadhân. This is what is Sahîh (authentic) from the Nabî (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam), that he said:


‏هي في العشر الأواخر من رمضان‏ وتكون في الوتر منها‏
"It is within the last ten of Ramadhân, and it is within the odd nights from them."

However the odd nights may be counted with reference to what has already passed by, such that it should be sought on the night of the twenty first, the night of the twenty third, the night of the twenty fifth, the night of the twenty seventh, and the night of the twenty ninth; and they may otherwise be counted with reference to what remains, just as the Nabî (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

‏لِتَاسِعةٍ تَبْقِى، لِسَابعةٍ تبقى، لخامِسةٍ تَبْقَى، لِثَاِلثةٍ تَبْقَى‏
"On the night when nine remain, on the night when seven remain, on the night when five remain, on the night when three remain."

So based upon this, if the month is of thirty days, then that will be one of the even nights. So the twenty second will be (the night) when nine remain, the twenty fourth will be when seven remain; and this is how Abű Sa’îd al-Khudrî (Radiyallâhu Anh) explained it in the Sahîh Hadîth; and this is how the Nabî (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam) established it in the month. If, however, the month is of twenty nine days, then counting in accordance with what remains will then be just the same as counting in accordance with what has passed.

So, this being the case, it is befitting that the Mu’min (the Believer) seeks it out in all of the last ten, just as the Nabî (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said:


‏تَحروها في العشر الأواخر‏
"Seek it out in the last ten."

And it occurs more frequently in the last seven; and it occurs most frequently on the twenty seventh, just as Ubayy ibn Ka’b (Radiyallâhu Anh) used to swear an oath that it was the twenty seventh night. So it was said to him:

بأي شيء علمت ذلك‏؟‏ فقال‏:‏ بالآية التي أخبرنا رسول اللّه أخبرنا أن الشمس تطلع صبحة صبيحتها كالطَّشْت، لاشعاع لها‏
"How have you come to know that? So Ubayy ibn Ka’b (Radiyallâhu Anh) replied: On account of Ayat (the sign) which Rasűlullâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam) informed us of. Rasűlullâh (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam) informed us that the sun rises on the morning following it being like a brass dish, having no rays."

So this Alâmat (sign) which Ubayy bin Ka’b (Radiyallâhu Anh) reported from the Nabî (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam) is from the most well known signs occurring in Hadîth; and it is related regarding its signs that:

It is a night that is "bright, shining"; and it is "calm; it is not very hot, nor very cold".

It may occur that Allâh reveals it to some of the people in a dream, or whilst awake, such that he sees its light, or he sees one who says to him: "This is Laylat’ul Qadr"; or He Ta’âlâ may open his heart to witnessing such things that make the affair clear to him.

Wallâhu Ta’âlâ Â’lam (and Allâh, the Most High, knows best)!.."


The Superiority of the Last Ten Nights of Ramadhân and the First Ten Days of Dhu’l Hijjah
Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű’ul Fatâwâ, 25/287

Shaykh’ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullâhu Taâlâ was asked regarding the (first) ten (days and nights) of Dhu’l Hijjah and the last ten (days and nights) of Ramadhân. Which one is more virtuous?

Shaykh’ul Islâm Rahimahullâh responded by saying,

“The (first) ten days of Dhu’l Hijjah are more virtues than the (last) ten days of Ramadhân. The last ten nights of Ramadhân are more virtues than (the first) ten nights of Dhi’l Hijjah. (...) As for the (last) ten nights of Ramadhân, then they are the nights of Ihyâ (revival) which Rasűlullâh Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam used to Ihyâ (revive) of all of it. In it is a night (Laylat’ul Qadr; the Night of Decree) which is better than a thousand months. So whoever responds with other than this explanation, it is not possible for him to deduct a Sahîh Hujjah (sound proof).”
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Izhâr'ud Dîn

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Re: LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS
« Reply #2 on: 25.05.2019, 03:10:26 AM »


باب ليلة القدر
Bab’u Laylat’il Qadr (Chapter on the Night of Qadr)

Quote from: Hadith no: 1
عن عبد الله بن عمر رضي الله عنهما أن رجالاً من أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أروا ليلة القدر في المنام في السبع الأواخر فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أرى رؤياكم قد تواطأت في السبع الأواخر فمن كان منكم متحريها فليتحرها في السبع الأواخر

عن عبد الله بن عمر رضي الله عنهما
It was narrated from Abdullah Ibnu Umar (radiyallahu anhuma) that (he said):

أن رجالاً من أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أروا ليلة القدر في المنام في السبع الأواخر فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم
Some men amongst the companions of Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) were shown in their dreams that Laylat’ul Qadr (the night of Qadr) was in the last seven nights of Ramadan. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

رؤياكم قد تواطأت في السبع الأواخر فمن كان منكم متحريها فليتحرها في السبع الأواخر
"It seems that all your dreams agree that (the Night of Qadr) is in the last seven nights, and whoever wants to search for it (i.e., the Night of Qadr) should search in the last seven (nights of Ramadan).”
(Bukhari, Hadith no: 2015; Muslim, Hadith no: 1165; Abu Dawud, Hadith no: 1385; Malik, Muwatta, Hadith no: 702, 705)

Quote from: Hadith no: 2
عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال تحروا ليلة القدر في الوتر من العشر الأواخر

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال
It was narrated from Aisha (radiyallahu anha) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

تحروا ليلة القدر في الوتر من العشر الأواخر
"Search for Laylat’ul Qadr (the Night of Qadr) in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan."
(Bukhari, Hadith no: 2117; Muslim, Hadith no: 1169; Tirmidhi, Hadith no: 792)

Quote from: Hadith no: 3
عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يعتكف في العشر الأوسط من رمضان فاعتكف عاماً حتى إذا كانت ليلة إحدى وعشرين وهي الليلة التي يخرج من صبيحتها من اعتكافه قال من اعتكف معي فليعتكف في العشر الأواخر فقد أريت هذه الليلة ثم أنسيتها وقد رأيتني أسجد في ماء وطين من صبيحتها فالتمسوها في العشر الأواخر والتمسوها في كل وتر قال فمطرت السماء تلك الليلة وكان المسجد على عريش فوكف المسجد فأبصرت عيناي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على جبهته أثر الماء والطين من صبح إحدى وعشرين

عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يعتكف في العشر الأوسط من رمضان فاعتكف عاماً حتى إذا كانت ليلة إحدى وعشرين وهي الليلة التي يخرج من صبيحتها من اعتكافه قال
It was narrated from Abi Sa’id al-Khudri (radiyallahu anh) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) used to practice I’tikaf (seclusion in the mosque) in the middle third of Ramadan and after passing the twenty nights he used to go back to his house on the twentyfirst, and the people who were in I’tikaf with him also used to go back to their houses. Once in Ramadan, in which he practiced I’tikaf, he established the night prayers at the night in which he used to return home, and then he addressed the people and ordered them whatever Allah wished him to order and said:

من اعتكف معي فليعتكف في العشر الأواخر فقد أريت هذه الليلة ثم أنسيتها وقد رأيتني أسجد في ماء وطين من صبيحتها فالتمسوها في العشر الأواخر والتمسوها في كل وتر قال
"I used to practice I’tikaf for these ten days (i.e., the middle third) but now I intend to stay in I’tikaf for the last ten days (of the month); so whoever was in I’tikaf with me should stay at his place of seclusion. I have verily been shown (the date of) this Night (of Qadr) but I have forgotten it. So search for it in the odd nights of the last ten days (of this month). I also saw myself (in the dream) prostrating in mud and water."

فمطرت السماء تلك الليلة وكان المسجد على عريش فوكف المسجد
On the night of the twentyfirst, the sky was covered with clouds and it rained, and the rainwater started leaking through the roof of the mosque at the praying place of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

فأبصرت عيناي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على جبهته أثر الماء والطين من صبح إحدى وعشرين
I saw with my own eyes the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) at the completion of the morning prayer leaving with his face covered with mud and water.”
(Bukhari, Hadith no: 2027; Muslim, Hadith no: 1167; Abu Dawud, Hadith no: 1382; Nasa’i, Hadith no: 1095; Malik, Muwatta, Hadith no: 700)
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)

 

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