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Author Topic: LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS  (Read 142 times)

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LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS
« on: June 09, 2018, 03:18:46 AM »
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Laylat'ul Qadr (The Night Of Decree); It's Virtues and Signs
Ibnu KathÓr (Rahimahull‚h), TafsÓr (Abridged)

TafsÓr of SŻrat'ul Qadr,

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَـئِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ سَلَـمٌ هِىَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

"In the Name of All‚h, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Verily, We have sent it down in the Night of al-Qadr. And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr is? The Night of al-Qadr is better than a thousand months. Therein descend the angels and the RŻh by their Lord's permission with every matter. There is peace until the appearance of dawn."
(al-Qadr 97/1-5)
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Ummah

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Re: LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS
« Reply #1 on: June 09, 2018, 03:19:46 AM »
The Virtues of Laylat'ul Qadr (The Night Of Qadr i.e. Decree)

All‚h informs that He sent the Qur'‚n down during Laylat'ul Qadr, and it is a blessed night about which All‚h says,


إِنَّآ أَنزَلْنَـهُ فِى لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَـرَكَةٍ
"We sent it down on a blessed night." (ad-Dukh‚n 44/3)

This is Laylat'ul Qadr and it occurs during the month of Ramadh‚n. This is as All‚h says,

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِى أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ
"The month of Ramadh‚n in which was revealed the Qur'‚n." (al-Baqarah 2/185)

Ibnu Abb‚s (Radiyall‚hu Anhuma) and others have said,

أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ الْقُرْآنَ جُمْلَةً وَاحِدَةً مِنَ اللَّوْحِ الْمَحْفُوظِ إِلَى بَيْتِ الْعِزَّةِ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا، ثُمَّ نَزَلَ مُفَصَّلًا بِحَسْبِ الْوَقَائِعِ فِي ثَلَاثٍ وَعِشْرِينَ سَنَةً عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

"All‚h sent the Qur'‚n down all at one time from Lawh'ul MahfŻz (the Preserved Tablet) to Bayt'ul Izzah (the House of Might), which is in the heaven of this world. Then it came down in parts to the Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) based upon the incidents that occurred over a period of twenty-three years.''

Then All‚h magnified the status of Laylat'ul Qadr, which He chose for the revelation of the Mighty Qur'‚n, by His saying,


وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ - لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ
"And what will make you know what the Night of al-Qadr is The Night of al-Qadr is better than a thousand months. (al-Qadr 97/2-3)

Im‚m Ahmad (Rahimahull‚h) recorded on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (Radiyall‚hu Anh) that he said, "When Ramadh‚n would come, the Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) would say,

قَدْ جَاءَكُمْ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ، شَهْرٌ مُبَارَكٌ، افْتَرَضَ اللهُ عَلَيْكُمْ صِيَامَهُ، تُفْتَحُ فِيهِ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ، وَتُغْلَقُ فِيهِ أَبْوَابُ الْجَحِيمِ، وَتُغَلُّ فِيهِ الشَّيَاطِينُ، فِيهِ لَيْلَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ، مَنْ حُرِمَ خَيْرَهَا فَقَدْ حُرِم
"Verily, the month of Ramadh‚n has come to you all. It is a blessed month, which All‚h has obligated you all to fast. During it the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are shackled. In it there is a night (i.e. Laylat'ul Qadr) that is better than one thousand months. Whoever is deprived of its good, then he has truly been deprived."

Nas‚'Ó recorded this same HadÓth.

Aside from the fact that worship during Laylat'ul Qadr is equivalent to worship performed for a period of one thousand months, it is also confirmed in the Two Sahihs from Abu Hurayrah (Radiyall‚hu Anh) that the Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) said,


مَنْ قَامَ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِه
"Whoever stands (in prayer) during Laylat'ul Qadr with faith and expecting reward (from All‚h), he will be forgiven for his previous sins."
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Ummah

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Re: LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS
« Reply #2 on: June 09, 2018, 03:21:07 AM »
The Descent of the Angels and the Decree for Every Good during Laylat'ul Qadr

All‚h says,


تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَـئِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
"Therein descend the angels and the RŻh by their Lord's permission with every matter." (al-Qadr 97/4)

Meaning, the angels descend in abundance during Laylat'ul Qadr due to its abundant blessings. The angels descend with the descending of blessings and mercy, just as they descend when the Qur'‚n is recited, they surround the circles of Dhikr (remembrance of All‚h) and they lower their wings with true respect for the student of knowledge. In reference to "RŻh", it is said that here it means the angel JibrÓl (Alayh'is Sal‚m). Therefore, the wording of the Ayah is a method of adding the name of the distinct object (in this case JibrÓl) separate from the general group (in this case the angels). Concerning All‚h's statement,

مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
"...with every matter." (al-Qadr 97/4)

Muj‚hid (Rahimahull‚h) said,

سَلَامُ هِيَ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

"Peace concerning every matter.''

Sa'Ód bin MansŻr said, ős‚ bin YŻnus told us that ¬'mash (Rahimahull‚h) narrated to them that Muj‚hid (Rahimahull‚h) said concerning All‚h's statement,


سَلَـمٌ هِىَ
"There is peace." (al-Qadr 97/5)

هِيَ سَالِمَةٌ، لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ يَعْمَلَ فِيهَا سُوءًا أَوْ يَعْمَلَ فِيهَا أَذًى

"It is security in which Shayt‚n (devil) cannot do any evil or any harm.''

Qat‚dah (Rahimahull‚h) and others have said,


تُقْضَى فِيهَا الْأُمُورُ، وَتُقَدَّرُ الْآجَالُ وَالْأَرْزَاقُ

"The matters are determined during it, and the times of death and provisions are measured out (i.e., decided) during it.''

Allah says,


فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ
"Therein is decreed every matter of decree." (ad-Dukh‚n 44/4)

Then Allah says,

سَلَـمٌ هِىَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ
"There is peace until the appearance of dawn." (al-Qadr 97/5)

Sa'Ód bin MansŻr said, "Hushaym narrated to us on the authority of AbŻ Ish‚q, who narrated that ash-Sha'bÓ (Rahimahull‚h) said concerning All‚h's statement,

مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ سَلامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ
"...with every matter. There is peace until the appearance of dawn." (al-Qadr 97/4-5)

تَسْلِيمُ الْمَلَائِكَةِ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْمَسَاجِدِ، حَتَّى يَطْلُعَ الْفَجْرُ

"The angels giving the greetings of peace during Laylat'ul Qadr to the people in the Mas‚jÓd (pl. MasjÓd) until the coming of Fajr (dawn)."

Qat‚dah (Rahimahull‚h) and Ibnu Zayd (Rahimahull‚h) both said concerning Allah's statement,


سَلَـمٌ هِىَ
"There is peace..."

هِيَ خَيْرٌ كُلُّهَا، لَيْسَ فِيهَا شَرٌّ إِلَى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

"This means all of it is good and there is no evil in it until the coming of Fajr (dawn).''
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Ummah

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Re: LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS
« Reply #3 on: June 09, 2018, 03:21:59 AM »
Specifying Laylat'ul Qadr and its Signs

This is supported by what Im‚m Ahmad recorded from Ub‚dah Ibn'us S‚mit (Radiyall‚hu Anh) that the Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) said,


لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ فِي الْعَشْرِ الْبَوَاقِي، مَنْ قَامَهُنَّ ابْتِغَاءَ حِسْبَتِهِنَّ فَإِنَّ اللهَ يَغْفِرُ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ، وَهِيَ لَيْلَةُ وِتْرٍ: تِسْعٍ أَوْ سَبْعٍ أَوْ خَامِسَةٍ أَوْ ثَالِثَةٍ أَوْ آخِرِ لَيْلَة
"Laylat'ul Qadr occurs during the last ten (nights). Whoever stands for them (in prayer) seeking their reward, then indeed All‚h will forgive his previous sins and his latter sins. It is an odd night: the ninth, or the seventh, or the fifth, or the third or the last night (of Ramadh‚n)."

The Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) also said,

إِنَّ أَمَارَةَ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ أَنَّهَا صَافِيَةٌ بَلْجَةٌ، كَأَنَّ فِيهَا قَمَرًا سَاطِعًا، سَاكِنَةٌ سَاجِيَةٌ، لَا بَرْدَ فِيهَا وَلَا حَرَّ، وَلَا يَحِلُّ لِكَوْكَبٍ يُرْمَى بِهِ فِيهَا حَتْى يُصْبِحَ، وَإِنَّ أَمَارَتَهَا أَنَّ الشَّمْسَ صَبِيحَتَهَا تَخْرُجُ مُسْتَوِيَةً لَيْسَ لَهَا شُعَاعٌ، مِثْلَ الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ، وَلَا يَحِلُّ لِلشَّيْطَانِ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ مَعَهَا يَوْمَئِذ
"Verily, the sign of Laylat'ul Qadr is that it is pure and glowing as if there were a bright, tranquil, calm moon during it. It is not cold, nor is it hot, and no shooting star is permitted until morning. Its sign is that the sun appears on the morning following it smooth having no rays on it, just like the moon on a full moon night. Shayt‚n is not allowed to come out with it (the sun) on that day."

This chain of narration is good. In its text there is some oddities and in some of its wordings there are things that are objectionable. AbŻ D‚wud mentioned a section in his Sunan that he titled, "Chapter: Clarification that Laylat'ul Qadr occurs during every Ramadh‚n.'' Then he recorded that Abdull‚h bin Umar (Radiyall‚hu Anhuma) said, "The Messenger of All‚h was asked about Laylat'ul Qadr while I was listening and he (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) said,

هِيَ فِي كُلِّ رَمَضَان
"It occurs during every Ramadh‚n!"

The men of this chain of narration are all reliable, but AbŻ D‚wud said that Shu'bah and Sufy‚n both narrated it from Ish‚q and they both considered it to be a statement of the Companion (Ibnu Umar, and thus not the statement of the Prophet Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m). It has been reported that AbŻ Sa'Ód al-KhudrÓ (Radiyall‚hu Anh) said,

"The Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) performed I'tikaf (seclusion) during the first ten nights of Ramadh‚n and we performed I'tikaf with him. Then JibrÓl (Alayh'is Sal‚m) came to him and said, "That which you are seeking is in front of you." So the Prophet (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) performed I'tikaf during the middle ten days of Ramadh‚n and we also performed I'tikaf with him. Then JibrÓl (Alayh'is Sal‚m) came to him and said; "That which you are seeking is ahead of you." So the Prophet (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) stood up and gave a sermon on the morning of the twentieth of Ramadh‚n and he said,


مَنْ كَانَ اعْتَكَفَ مَعِيَ فَلْيَرْجِعْ فَإِنِّي رَأَيْتُ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ، وَإِنِّي أُنْسِيتُهَا، وَإِنَّهَا فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ فِي وِتْرٍ، وَإِنِّي رَأَيْتُ كَأَنِّي أَسْجُدُ فِي طِينٍ وَمَاء
"Whoever performed I'tikaf with me, let him come back (for I'tikaf again), for verily I saw Laylat'ul Qadr, and I was caused to forget it, and indeed it is during the last ten (nights). It is during an odd night and I saw myself as if I were prostrating in mud and water. The roof of the Masjid was made of dried palm-tree leaves and we did not see anything (i.e., clouds) in the sky. But then a patch of wind-driven clouds came and it rained. So the Prophet (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) lead us in prayer until we saw the traces of mud and water on the forehead of the Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m), which confirmed his dream.''

In one narration it adds that this occurred on the morning of the twenty-first night (meaning the next morning). They both (Bukh‚rÓ and Muslim) recorded it in Sahihayn (the Two Sahihs). Sh‚fi'Ó said, "This HadÓth is the most authentic of what has been reported.''

It has also been said that it is on the twenty-third night due to a HadÓth narrated from Abdullah bin Unays (Radiyall‚hu Anh) in SahÓh Muslim. It has also been said that it is on the twenty-fifth night due to what Bukh‚ri recorded from Ibnu Abb‚s (Radiyall‚hu Anhuma) that the Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) said,


الْتَمِسُوهَا فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فِي تَاسِعَةٍ تَبْقَى، فِي سَابِعَةٍ تَبْقَى، فِي خَامِسَةٍ تَبْقَى
"Seek it in the last ten (nights) of Ramadh‚n. In the ninth it still remains, in the seventh it still remains, in the fifth it still remains."

Many have explained this HadÓth to refer to the odd nights, and this is the most apparent and most popular explanation.

It has also been said that it occurs on the twenty-seventh night because of what Muslim recorded in his Sahih from Ubay bin Ka'b (Radiyall‚hu Anh) that the Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) mentioned that it was on the twenty-seventh night. Im‚m Ahmad recorded from Zirr that he asked Ubayy bin Ka'b (Radiyall‚hu Anh),


أَبَا الْمُنْذِرِ، إِنَّ أَخَاكَ ابْنَ مَسْعُودٍ يَقُولُ: مَنْ يُقِم الحَولَ يُصبْ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ. قَالَ: يَرْحَمُهُ اللَّهُ، لَقَدْ عَلِمَ أَنَّهَا فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ، وَأَنَّهَا لَيْلَةُ سَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ. ثُمَّ حَلَفَ. قُلْتُ: وَكَيْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ ذَلِكَ؟ قَالَ: بِالْعَلَامَةِ -أَوْ: بِالْآيَةِ-الَّتِي أَخْبَرَنَا بِهَا، تَطْلُعُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ لَا شُعَاعَ لَهَا، أَعْنِي الشَّمْسَ

"O Abu'l Mundhir! Verily, your brother Ibnu Mas'Żd (Radiyall‚hu Anh) says whoever stands for prayer (at night) the entire year, will catch Laylat'ul Qadr.'' He (Ubayy) said,

"May All‚h have mercy upon him. Indeed he knows that it is during the month of Ramadh‚n and that it is the twenty-seventh night.'' Then he swore by Allah. Zirr then said, "How do you know that?'' Ubayy (Radiyall‚hu Anh) replied,

"By a sign or an indication that he (the Prophet Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) informed us of. It rises that next day having no rays on it -- meaning the sun.''


Muslim has also recorded it. It has been said that it is the night of the twenty-ninth. Im‚m Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded from Ub‚dah Ibn'us S‚mit (Radiyall‚hu Anh) that he asked the Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) about Laylat'ul Qadr and he replied,

فِي رَمَضَانَ فَالْتَمِسُوهَا فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ، فَإِنَّهَا فِي وِتْرٍ إِحْدَى وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ ثَلَاثٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ خَمْسٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ سَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ تِسْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، أَوْ فِي آخِرِ لَيْلَة
"Seek it in Ramadh‚n in the last ten nights. For verily, it is during the odd nights, the twenty-first, or the twenty-third, or the twenty-fifth, or the twenty-seventh, or the twenty-ninth, or during the last night."

Im‚m Ahmad also recorded from AbŻ Hurayrah (Radiyall‚hu Anh) that the Messenger of All‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) said about Laylat'ul Qadr,

إِنَّهَا لَيْلَةُ سَابِعَةٍ أَوْ تَاسِعَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ، وَإِنَّ الْمَلَائِكَةَ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ عَدَدِ الْحَصَى
"Verily, it is during the twenty-seventh or the twenty-ninth night. And verily, the angels who are on the earth during that night are more numerous than the number of pebbles."

Ahmad was alone in recording this Hadith and there is nothing wrong with its chain of narration. TirmidhÓ recorded from AbŻ Qil‚bah that he said,

لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ تَنْتَقِلُ فِي الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ
"Laylat'ul Qadr moves around (i.e., from year to year) throughout the last ten nights.''

This view that TirmidhÓ mentions from AbŻ Qil‚bah has also been recorded by M‚lik, ThawrÓ, Ahmad bin Hanbal, Ish‚q bin R‚huyah, AbŻ Thawr, MuzanÓ, AbŻ Bakr bin Khuzaymah and others. It has also been related from Sh‚fi'Ó, and Q‚dÓ reported it from him, and this is most likely. And Allah knows best.
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Ummah

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Re: LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS
« Reply #4 on: June 09, 2018, 03:22:20 AM »
Supplication During Laylat'ul Qadr

It is recommended to supplicate often during all times, especially during the month of Ramadh‚n, in the last ten nights, and during the odd nights of it even more so. It is recommended that one say the following supplication a lot:


اللَّهُمَّ، إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ، فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
"O Allah! Verily, You are the Oft-Pardoning, You love to pardon, so pardon me.''

This is due to what Im‚m Ahmad recorded from ¬'ishah (Radiyall‚hu Anha), that she said, "O Messenger of All‚h! If I find Laylat'ul Qadr what should I say?" He (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sall‚m) replied,

قُولِي: اللْهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
"Say: O Allah! Verily, You are the Oft-Pardoning, You love to pardon, so pardon me.''

TirmidhÓ, Nas‚'Ó and Ibnu M‚jah have all recorded this HadÓth. TirmidhÓ said, "This HadÓth is Hasan SahÓh.'' H‚kim recorded it in his Mustadrak (with a different chain of narration) and he said that it is authentic according to the criteria of the two Shaykhs (Bukh‚rÓ and Muslim). Nas‚'Ó also recorded it.

This is the end of the TafsÓr of the SŻrah "Laylat'ul Qadr", and all praise and blessings are due to All‚h.
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Ummah

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Re: LAYLAT'UL QADR (THE NIGHT OF DECREE); IT'S VIRTUES & SIGNS
« Reply #5 on: June 09, 2018, 03:43:12 AM »
Laylat'ul Qadr (the Night of Decree) and Its Signs
Shaykhíul Isl‚m Ibnu Taymiyyah, MajmŻíul Fat‚w‚, 25/284-286

Shaykhíul Isl‚m Ibn Taymiyyah (Radiyall‚hu Anhu wa Ardha) was asked about Laylatíul Qadr, whilst imprisoned in the mountain citadel (in Cairo) in the year 706H.

So he (Rahimahull‚h) responded:

"Alhamdulill‚h (All praise is for All‚h)!.. Laylatíul Qadr (the Night of Decree) is in the last ten (nights) of the month of Ramadh‚n. This is what is SahÓh (authentic) from the NabÓ (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sallam), that he said:


‏هي في العشر الأواخر من رمضان‏ وتكون في الوتر منها‏
"It is within the last ten of Ramadh‚n, and it is within the odd nights from them."

However the odd nights may be counted with reference to what has already passed by, such that it should be sought on the night of the twenty first, the night of the twenty third, the night of the twenty fifth, the night of the twenty seventh, and the night of the twenty ninth; and they may otherwise be counted with reference to what remains, just as the NabÓ (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

‏لِتَاسِعةٍ تَبْقِى، لِسَابعةٍ تبقى، لخامِسةٍ تَبْقَى، لِثَاِلثةٍ تَبْقَى‏
"On the night when nine remain, on the night when seven remain, on the night when five remain, on the night when three remain."

So based upon this, if the month is of thirty days, then that will be one of the even nights. So the twenty second will be (the night) when nine remain, the twenty fourth will be when seven remain; and this is how AbŻ SaíÓd al-KhudrÓ (Radiyall‚hu Anh) explained it in the SahÓh HadÓth; and this is how the NabÓ (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sallam) established it in the month. If, however, the month is of twenty nine days, then counting in accordance with what remains will then be just the same as counting in accordance with what has passed.

So, this being the case, it is befitting that the Muímin (the Believer) seeks it out in all of the last ten, just as the NabÓ (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sallam) said:


‏تَحروها في العشر الأواخر‏
"Seek it out in the last ten."

And it occurs more frequently in the last seven; and it occurs most frequently on the twenty seventh, just as Ubayy ibn Kaíb (Radiyall‚hu Anh) used to swear an oath that it was the twenty seventh night. So it was said to him:

بأي شيء علمت ذلك‏؟‏ فقال‏:‏ بالآية التي أخبرنا رسول اللّه أخبرنا أن الشمس تطلع صبحة صبيحتها كالطَّشْت، لاشعاع لها‏
"How have you come to know that? So Ubayy ibn Kaíb (Radiyall‚hu Anh) replied: On account of Ayat (the sign) which RasŻlull‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sallam) informed us of. RasŻlull‚h (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sallam) informed us that the sun rises on the morning following it being like a brass dish, having no rays."

So this Al‚mat (sign) which Ubayy bin Kaíb (Radiyall‚hu Anh) reported from the NabÓ (Sallall‚hu Alayhi wa Sallam) is from the most well known signs occurring in HadÓth; and it is related regarding its signs that:

It is a night that is "bright, shining"; and it is "calm; it is not very hot, nor very cold".

It may occur that All‚h reveals it to some of the people in a dream, or whilst awake, such that he sees its light, or he sees one who says to him: "This is Laylatíul Qadr"; or He Taí‚l‚ may open his heart to witnessing such things that make the affair clear to him.

Wall‚hu Taí‚l‚ ¬ílam (and All‚h, the Most High, knows best)!.."
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)