التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: AL-KALIM'UT TAYYIB - THE GOODLY WORD SHAYKH'UL ISLM IBNU TAYMIYYAH  (Read 1449 times)

Izhr'ud Dn

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Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

Izhr'ud Dn

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Khutbatul Hjah1

إن الحمدَ لله نحمدُه ونستعينه ونستغفره، ونعوذُ بالله من شرور أنفُسِنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا، من يهده الله فلا مضلَّ له، ومن يُضلل فلا هادي له
 
وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله حقَّ تقاته ولا .تموتنَّ إلا وأنتم مسلمون

يا أيها الناس اتقوا ربكم الذي خلقكم من نفسٍ واحدة وخلق منها زوجها وبث منهما رجالاً كثيراً ونساء واتقوا الله الذي تساءلون به والأرحام إن الله كان عليكم رقيباً

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولاً سديداً يُصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم ومن يُطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزاً عظيماً

فإن أصدق الحديث كلامُ الله، وخير الهدي هديُ محمد، وشرَّ الأمور محدثاتُها، وكل محدثةٍ بدعة، وكل بدعة ضلالة، وكل ضلالة في النار

أما بعد

All thanks and praise is due to Allh, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allh from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allh guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allh leads astray will never find guidance.

I bear witness there is no -true- God -deserving to be worshiped- but Allh, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.


يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله حقَّ تقاته ولا .تموتنَّ إلا وأنتم مسلمون
O ye who believe! Fear Allh as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him. (l-i Imrn 3/102);

يا أيها الناس اتقوا ربكم الذي خلقكم من نفسٍ واحدة وخلق منها زوجها وبث منهما رجالاً كثيراً ونساء واتقوا الله الذي تساءلون به والأرحام إن الله كان عليكم رقيباً
O mankind! Fear your Guardian Lord, Who created you from one soul and created out of it his mate and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women. Fear Allh, through Whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and (be heedful) the wombs (that bore you): for Allh ever watches over you.. (an-Nis 4/1);

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولاً سديداً يُصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم ومن يُطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزاً عظيماً
O you who believe! fear Allh, and make your utterance straight forward. That He may make your conduct whole and sound, and forgive you your sins: He that obeys Allh and His Messenger, has already attained the great victory.. (al-Ahzb 33/70-71)

Verily, the most truthful speech is Kalmullh, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam), and the worst affairs are newly invented matters. Every newly invented matter is a Bidah (religious innovation), and every Bidah is Dallah (misguidance), and every misguidance is in the (Hell)fire.

Amm bad (to proceed).



Quote
Footnotes:

1- This Du' (prayer) that is well-known as Khutbatul Hjah (The Sermon of Necessity) is recited by Raslullah (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) during his Jumua Khutbah (Friday Sermon) and other occasions, it was also taught to the Sahabh by Raslullah (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam). It was recorded by Tirmidh, Ab Dwd, Nas, Ab Yala, Bayhaq, Imm Ahmad with a Sahh (sound) Sanad (chain of narration) and some of it was narrated by Muslim. Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated the following regarding it:

فَهَذِهِ الْخُطْبَةُ عِقْدُ نِظَامِ الْإِسْلَامِ وَالْإِيمَانِ

This Khutbah is a knot between the Islmic system and the Imn. (Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmul Fatw, 14/223)
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

Izhr'ud Dn

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Our Dawah (Call)

Our sole purpose primarily, is to circulate the Aqidah of Tawhd everywhere we are able to reach. This is the call of all the Rasl (messenger) and Nab (prophet) from dam (Alayh'is Salam) to the Khatamul Anbiy (the last of the prophets) Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), striving against all types of Kufr and Shirk that nullify Tawhd and exposing fake deities and Tghout which call people to worship them. Allah Tala states the following Ayah in this regards:

وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّى لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ الدِّينُ كُلُّهُ لِلّٰهِ فَإِنِ انْتَهَوْا فَإِنَّ اللّٰهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ
And fight them on until there is no more persecution, and religion becomes Allah's in its entirety. (al-Baqarah 2/193; al-Anfl 8/39)

In addition, the Aqidah of al-Wal wal Bar which is one of the most important Rkn (pillar) of Tawhd, the Takfr of the Mushrikn fixed to the Aqidah of al-Wal wal Bar, accordingly the limits of Imn and Kufr becoming evident is one of the hallmarks of our Dwah. The removal of the doubts regarding the matters of Aqidah, especially in the matters of Imn and Kufr that are innovated by the Di (caller) of Btil (falsehood) is also one of our purposes. We aspire to establish the Wasat (medium) Aqdah of Ahlus Sunna wal Jamh that is far from Ifrt (taking maters to the extreme) and Tarft (neglecting its true meaning).

After Tawhd, the most important topic we call to is the Sunnah. Connotation especially to the matters of Aqidah but not limited to it; accepting and practicing every matter of Islm as Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his Ashb counseled and lived, also rejecting every Bidah innovated after them. Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in a Sahh (authentic) Hadth stated that his Ummah (nation) will be divided into seventy-three sects and that only one of them will be saved. Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) named them as Firqai Njiyah (the Saved Group) and described their affair stating:


مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحَابِي
(Those who follow) my path and the path of my Ashb (companions)... 2

The Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamh is the only group that follows this noble path.

No individual or group entered the saved group by merely identifying themselves as Ahlus Sunnah. The most apparent quality of the Ahlus Sunnah is submitting to the Salafus Slihn (Righteous Predecessors) whom are the best of the people and the first three generations (of beginning of the Islm) and staying away from the Bidah and Munkar (evil) that was innovated by the Khalaf (later generations). As narrated in the Sahh (of Bukhr) from Imrn bin Husayn (Radiyallahu Anh) Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stated:


خَيْرُ أُمَّتِي قَرْنِي، ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ، ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ، - قَالَ عِمْرَانُ فَلاَ أَدْرِي: أَذَكَرَ بَعْدَ قَرْنِهِ قَرْنَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاَثًا - ثُمَّ إِنَّ بَعْدَكُمْ قَوْمًا يَشْهَدُونَ وَلاَ يُسْتَشْهَدُونَ وَيَخُونُونَ وَلاَ يُؤْتَمَنُونَ، وَيَنْذُرُونَ وَلاَ يَفُونَ، وَيَظْهَرُ فِيهِمُ السِّمَنُ
The best of my followers are those living in my generation (i.e. my contemporaries). And then those who will follow the latter. -Imrn (Radiyallahu Anh) added: I do not remember whether he mentioned two or three generations after his generation- There will come after you, people who will bear witness without being asked to do so, and will be treacherous and untrustworthy, and they will vow and never fulfill their vows, and fatness will appear among them."3

After Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his Ashb, the Rabbani Ulam took on the mission of calling to Tawhd and the Sunnah fitting the Hadth:

الْعُلَمَاءُ خُلَفَاءُ الأَنْبِيَاءِ إِنَّ الأَنْبِيَاءَ
The scholars are the successors of the prophets."4

At this point, our goal is to become a bridge between Ilm and the people by conveying the legacy concerning the Ilm (sacred knowledge) of the Rabban Ulam, which attained the mission of calling to Tawhd and the Sunnah after the prophets. The source of this Ilm reaches Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) through Jibrl-i Amn (Alayh'is Salam) to the Lord of the Worlds (Jalla wa Jalaluhu). The Ulam will represent this Ilm until the Day of Qiymah (Doomsday). Since Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stated:

لاَ يَزَالُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ بِأَمْرِ اللّٰهِ، لاَ يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُمْ، وَلاَ مَنْ خَالَفَهُمْ، حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُمْ أَمْرُ اللّٰهِ وَهُمْ عَلَى ذٰلِكَ
"A group of people amongst my followers will remain obedient to Allah's orders and they will not be harmed by anyone who will not help them or who will oppose them, till Allah's Order (the Last Day) comes upon them while they are still on the right path."5

That is why it is also our goal to spread the books of the Ulam (pl. Alim; scholars) whom had been stand bearers of the Aqidah of the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamah throughout history and the Ilm that they inherited from Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). In order to reach this goal; we take the Manhj (methodology of attaining Ilm) of the Salafus Slihn whom are praised by Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as base for us. We would like to convey the legacy of the Aimmah (pl. Imm) of Hadith and Sunnah who had not been affected from Kalm (theological rhetoric) and philosophy, persistent upon the Aqidah of Raslullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his Ashb, in short; the scholars among the Firqa-i Najiyh and Tifatul Mansra (Victorious Group).

Our call (Inshallah) will never be calling people to our own views that have no base from the Salaf nor to groups that have been constituted by the Asabiyyah (tribalism/nationalism) of Jhiliyyah (the pre-lslmic days of ignorance).

Tawfq (success) is lies in Allah Tala...



Quote
Footnotes:

2- Tirmidh, Hadth no: 2641.

3- Bukhr, Hadth no: 3650.

4- Ibnu Mjah, Hadth no: 223; Tirmidh, Hadth no: 2682; Ab Dwud, Hadth no: 3641.

5- Bukhr, Hadth no: 3641.
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

Izhr'ud Dn

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الكلم الطيب

al-Kalim'ut Tayyib (The Goodly Word)

Shaykhul Islm Abl Abbs Taqiyyud Dn Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh)








Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

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Urging the Dhikr (Remembrance) of Allh (Tal)
« Reply #4 on: 14.10.2018, 03:27:16 AM »
الحض على ذكر الله
Urging the Dhikr (Remembrance) of Allh (Tal)


(Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyahs Introduction)

اللهم صل على أشرف خلقك محمد، ولله الحمد وكفى، وسلام على عباده الذين اصطفى وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله.

O Allh, send salutations upon the most noble of your creation, Muhammad. And all praise belongs to Allh, and He suffices. May peace be upon His Ibd (pl. of Abd; servants) whom He has chosen. I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship- except for Allh alone, He has no partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Abd (slave) and His Rasl.

Allh Tal said,


يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا * يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم
O you who believe, guard your duty to Allh, and speak words truhtful and He will put to rights your works for you and will forgive your sins. (al-Ahzb 33/70-71)

He Tal said,

إليه يصعد الكلم الطيب والعمل الصالح
Unto him goodly words ascend, and the pious deed. (al-Ftir 35/10)

He Tal said,

فاذكروين أذكركم واشكروا لي
Therefore remember Me, and I shall remember you, and give thanks to Me. (al-Baqarah 2/152)

He Tal said,

اذكروا الله ذكرا كثيرا
Remember Allh with much remembrance. (al-Ahzb 33/41)

He Tal said,

والذاكرين الله كثيرا والذاكرات
And men and women who remember Allh much. (al-Ahzb 33/35)

He Tal said,

الذين يذكرون الله قياما وقعودا وعلى جنوبهم
Those who remember Allh, standing, sitting, and reclining. (li Imrn 3/190)

He Tal said,

إذا لقيتم فئة فاثبتوا واذكروا الله كثيرا
When you come up against a group (of fighting men), hold firm and remember Allh much. (al-Anfl 8/45)

He Tal said,

فإذا قضيتم مناسككم فاذكروا الله كذكركم آباءكم أو أشد ذكرا
And when you have completed your devotions, then remember Allh as you remember your fathers or with a more intense remembrance. (al-Baqarah 2/200)

He Tal said,

لا تلهكم أموالكم ولا أولادكم عن ذكر الله
Let not your wealth nor your children distract you from remembrance of Allh. (al-Munfiqn 63/9)

He Tal said,

رجال لا تلهيهم تجارة ولا بيع عن ذكر الله وإقام الصلاة وإيتاء الزكاة
Men whom neither commerce nor sale beguiles from remembrance of Allh and the performance of prayer and paying zakat to the poor. (an-Nr 24/37)

And He Tal said,

واذكر ربك في نفسك تضرعا وخيفة ودون الجهر من القول بالغدو والآصال ولا تكن من الغافلين
Remember your Lord within yourself humbly and with awe, without raising your voice, at morn and evening. And be not you of the neglectful. (al-Arf 7/205)
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

Izhr'ud Dn

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(1.) The Virtue of Dhikr
« Reply #5 on: 23.10.2018, 12:25:45 AM »
فضل الذكر
(1.) The Virtue of Dhikr

It is narrated from Abd Dard (Radiyallhu Anh) that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

ألا أنبئكم بخير أعمالكم وأزكاها عند مليككم وأرفعها في درجاتكم وخير لكم من إنفاق الذهب والورق وخير لكم من أن تلقوا عدوكم فتضربوا أعناقهم ويضربوا أعناقكم؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسول الله. قال: ذكر الله
Shall I not inform you of the best of your deeds, the most pure in the eyes of your Malk (King, i.e. Allh Tal), the loftiest of them in your ranks (of virtue), which is better for you than spending gold and silver, and which is better for you than meeting your enemy and you striking their necks and they striking your necks?

They said, Of course, O Raslullh!

He said, The Dhikr of Allh. at-Tirmidh and Ibnu Mjah recorded it. Al-Hkim said, Its Sanad (chain of narration) is Sahh (Authentic)

Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) said that the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

سبق المفردون قالوا: وما المفردون يا رسول الله؟ قال: الذاكرون الله كثيراً والذاكرات
The Mufarridn (who isolate themselves and devote themselves to the praise of Allh) have surpassed (others).

They said, And who are the Mufarridn, O Raslullh?

He said: The men and women who remember Allh much. It was recorded by Muslim.

Abdullh bin Busr mentioned that a man said,

يا رسول الله إن شرائع الايمان قد كثرت علي، فأخبرني بشيء أتثبت به. قال: لا يزال لسانك رطباً من ذكر الله تعالى
"O Raslullh, the Shari (pl. of Shar; revealed laws) of mn (faith) have become too many for me, so inform me of one thing to hold fast to.

He said: Your tongue should continue to be moist with the remembrance of Allh Tal. It was Reported by at-Tirmidh, and he said The Hadth is Hasan (good).

It is narrated from Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) that the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

مثل الذي يذكر ربه والذي لا يذكر ربه مثل الحي والميت
The likeness of him who makes Dhikr of his Rabb to him who does not make Dhikr of his Rabb is like the living to the dead. It was recorded by al-Bukhr.

And it is narrated from Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) from Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam), who said,

من قعد مقعداً لم يذكر الله تعالى فيه، كانت عليه من الله تعالى ترة ومن اضطجع مضجعاً لا يذكر الله تعالى فيه كانت عليه من الله ترة
He who sits down without remembering Allh Tal during it; it becomes an omission which Allh Tal will hold against him. And he who lies down without remembering Allh Tal; it becomes an omission which Allh Tal will hold against him.

Which means: It is missing, deprived, and uncovered. It was Revorded by Ab Dwd.
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

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(2.) The Virtue of Tahmd, Tahll, and Tasbh
« Reply #6 on: 29.10.2018, 02:54:15 AM »
فضل التحميد والتهليل والتسبيح
(2.) The Virtue of Tahmd, Tahll, and Tasbh (Saying al-Hamdu lillh, L Ilha illallh, and Subhnallh)

It is narrated from Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) in the Sahhayn (al-Bukhr and Muslim) that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

من قال لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير في يوم مائة مرة كانت له عدل عشر رقاب وكتبت له مائة حسنه ومحيت عنه مائة سيئة وكانت له حرزاً من الشيطان يومه ذلك حتى يمسي ولم يأت أحد بأفضل مما جاء به إلا رجل عمل أكثر منه
He who says: لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير (there is no deity worthy of worship- except for Allh alone, He does not have a partner, to Him is the dominion and praise, and He is able to do all things) -a hundred times a day- will have the reward equivalent to manumitting ten slaves. He will have written for him a hundred good deeds and will have erased for him a hundred bad deeds. He will have sanctuary from the Shaytn (devil) for that day of his until he enters upon the evening, and no one will have brought anything better than he has, except for a man who has done more than he.

And he (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

من قال سبحان الله وبحمده في يوم مائة مرة حطت عنه خطاياه وإن كانت مثل زبد البحر
Whoever says سبحان الله وبحمده (How far is Allh from every imperfection! And praise is due to Him!) a hundred times in a day, his sins will be taken from him even if they are as the foam of the sea.

It is also in them (al-Bukhr and Muslim) from Ab Hurayrah Radiyallhu Anh that he said, Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

كلمتان خفيفتان على اللسان، ثقيلتان في الميزان، حبيبتان إلى الرحمن: سبحان الله وبحمده، سبحان الله العظيم
(There are) two words which are light upon the tongue, heavy in the Mzn (Scales), beloved of ar-Rahmn (the Most Merciful): سبحان الله وبحمده and سبحان الله العظيم (How far is Allh the Great from every imperfection!).

Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) said that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

لأن أقول سبحان الله، والحمد لله، ولا إله إلا الله، والله أكبر أحب إلي مما طلعت عليه الشمس
For me to say سبحان الله (How far is Allh from every imperfection!), الحمد لله (Praise be to Allh), لا إله إلا الله (there is no deity worthy of worship- except for Allh), and الله أكبر (Allh is the Greatest) is dearer to me than that over which the sun comes out. It was recorded by Muslim.

Samrah bin Jundub (Radiyallhu Anh) said that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

أحب الكلام إلى الله تعالى أربع، لا يضرك بأيهن بدأت، سبحان الله، والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله، والله أكبر
The most dear speech to Allh Tal are four, and it matters not to you which of them you begin with: سبحان الله, الحمد لله, لا إله إلا الله, and الله أكبر.It was recorded by Muslim.

He (Muslim) also recorded from Sad bin Ab Waqqs (Radiyallhu Anh) that he said: We were with Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam), then he said,

أيعجز أحدكم أن يكسب كل يوم ألف حسنة، قال: يسبح مائة تسبيحة فتكتب له ألف حسنة، أو تحط عنه ألف خطيئة
Is any one of you incapable of gaining a thousand good deeds every day? He (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: He says سبحان الله a hundred times and there is written for him a thousand good deeds, or there are taken from him a thousand sins.

Also it is in it (Muslim) that Juwayriyyah, Ummul Mu'minn (the Mother of the Believers, ie. the wife of Raslullh) (Radiyallhu Anh), that the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out from her home early in the morning when he had performed the dawn prayer, while she was in her place of prayer. Then he returned after the morning had come while she was sitting down. He (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

ما زلت على الحال التي فارقتك عليها؟ قالت: نعم. فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: لقد قلت بعدك أربع كلمات، ثلاث مرات، لو وزنت بما قلت منذ اليوم لوزنتهن: سبحان الله عدد خلقه، سبحان الله رضى نفسه سبحان الله زنة عرشه، سبحان الله مداد كلماته
Are you still in the state in which I left you? She (Radiyallhu Anh) said, Yes! Then the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, I said four phrases three times after (leaving) you. Were they to be weighed against what you have said today they would weigh them: سبحان الله عدد خلقه (Glorified is Allh, as many times as the number of His creatures), سبحان الله رضى نفسه (Glorified is Allh as much as it pleases Him), سبحان الله زنة عرشه (Glorified is Allh with a weight like that of His Arsh (Throne)), سبحان الله مداد كلماته (Glorified is Allh with (a quantity like that of) the ink (required) for His words).

It is narrated from Sad bin Ab Waqqs (Radiyallhu Anh) that he entered upon a women Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam), and in her hands was stones or pebbles which she used to make Tasbh with. So he (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

ألا أخبرك بما هو أيسر عليك من هذا، أو أفضل؟ فقال: سبحان الله عدد ما خلق في السماء، وسبحان الله عدد ما بين ذلك، وسبحان الله عدد ما هو خالق، والله أكبر مثل ذلك، والحمد لله مثل ذلك ولا إله إلا الله مثل ذلك، ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله مثل ذلك
Should I not inform you with that which is easier -or more virtuous- for you than this? Thus he (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said Say: سبحان الله عدد ما خلق في السماء (Glorifed is Allh the number of what Allh created in the Sam (skies)), سبحان الله عدد ما بين ذلك (Glorifed is Allh the number of what is between this), سبحان الله عدد ما هو خالق (Glorifed is Allh the number of what He is its al-Khliq (the Creator)), الله أكبر (the number) of its like, الحمد لله (the number) of its like, لا إله إلا الله (the number) of its like, and لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله (there is no right or power except with Allh) (the number) of its like. It was recorded by Ab Dwd and at-Tirmidh said It is a Hasan Hadth.

It is also narrated from Sad bin Ab Waqqs (Radiyallhu Anh) that an Arb (Bedouin) came to the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam), he said O Raslullh, teach me words that I may say! He (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

قل: لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، الله أكبر كيراً، والحمد لله كثيراً. وسبحان الله رب العالمين، ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله العزيز الحكيم. قال: فهؤلاء لربي، فما لي؟ قال: قل: اللهم اغفر لي، وارحمني، واهدني، وعافني، وارزقني. فلما ولى الأعرابي قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: لقد ملأ يديه من الخير
Say: لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له, الله أكبر كيراً (Allh is truly the Greatest), الحمد لله كثيراً (Much praise be to Allh), سبحان الله رب العالمين (Glory be to Allh, the Rabb of the Worlds), and لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله العزيز الحكيم (there is no right or power except with Allh al-Azz (the Mighty) al-Hakm (the Wise)). He said, These are for my Rabb, so what is for me? He (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, Say: اللهم اغفر لي، وارحمني، واهدني، وعافني، وارزقني (O Allh, forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, keep me in health, and provide for me.) Then when the Arb left, the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, He has filled his hands with Khayr (the good; i.e. good deeds). Muslim recorded it.

It is also narrated from Abdullh bin Masd (Radiyallhu Anh) that he said, the Nab Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

لقيت إبراهيم ليلة أسري بي فقال: يا محمد أقرئ أمتك مني السلام، وأخبرهم أن الجنة طيبة التربة، عذبة الماء، وأنها قيعان وأن غراسها: سبحان الله، والحمد لله، ولا إله إلا الله، والله أكبر
I met Ibrhm (Alayhis Salm) on the night I was taken to heaven, and he said, O Muhammad! Read Salm (salutations) upon your Ummah (nation) from me, and that I inform them that Jannahs soil is good and its water is sweet. And that it (consists of) level, treeless plains, and that its plants are, سبحان الله, الحمد لله, لا إله إلا الله, and الله أكبر. At-Tirmidh said The Hadth is Hasan.

Ab Ms al-Ashar (Radiyallhu Anh) said that the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me,

ألا أدلك على كنز من كنوز الجنة؟ فقلت: بلى يا رسول الله
قال: قل لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله

Shall I not direct you to one of the treasures of Jannah? So I said, Of course, O Raslullh. He (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله. The Hadth is agreed upon (i.e. it was recorded by al-Bukhr and Muslim)
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

Izhr'ud Dn

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(3.) REGARDING REMEMBERING ALLH TA'L IN THE EVENING AND THE MORNING
« Reply #7 on: 06.11.2018, 05:36:36 PM »
في ذكر الله تعالى طرفي النهار
(3.) Regarding Remembering Allh Tal ın the Evening and the Morning

Allh Tal said,

يا أيها الذين آمنوا اذكروا الله ذكرا كثيرا وسبحوه بكرة وأصيلا
O you who believe, remember Allh with much remembrance, and glorify Him morning and al-Asl (evening). (al-Ahzb 33/41-42)

الأصيل al-Asl is that which is between the Asr and Maghrib (prayers).

He Tal said,


واذكر ربك في نفسك تضرعا وخيفة ودون الجهر من القول بالغدو والآصال ولا تكن من الغافلين
And remember your Lord within yourself humbly and with awe, without raising your voice, mornings and evenings. And be not you of the neglectful. (al-Arf 7/205)

وسبح بحمد ربك بالعشي والإبكار
And extol the praise of your Lord at fall of night and in the early hours. (Ghfir 40/55)

And He Tal said,

وسبح بحمد ربك قبل طلوع الشمس وقبل الغروب
And extol the phrase of your Lord before the rising and before the setting of the sun. (Qf 50/39)

ولا تطرد الذين يدعون ربهم بالغداة والعشي يريدون وجهه
Repel not those who call upon their Lord at morning and evening, seeking His countenance. (al-Anm 6/52)

فأوحى إليهم أن سبحوا بكرة وعشيا
And He signified to them: Glorify your Lord at break of day and fall of night. (Maryam 19/11)

ومن الليل فسبحه وإدبار النجوم
And in the night-time also glorify Him, and at the setting of the stars. (at-Tr 52/49)

فسبحان الله حين تمسون وحين تصبحون
So glory be to Allh when you enter the night and when you enter the morning. (ar-Rm 30/17) (and)

وأقم الصلاة طرفي النهار وزلفا من الليل إن الحسنات يذهبن السيئات
Perform prayers at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the night. Verily good deeds annul bad deeds. (Hd 11/114)

Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) said that the Nab Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

من قال حين يصبح وحين يمسي: سبحان الله وبحمده مائة مرة، لم يأت أحد يوم القيامة بأفضل مما جاء به إلا أحد قال مثل ما قال أو زاد عليه
Whoever says سبحان الله وبحمده a hundred times when he enters upon the morning and when he enters upon the evening will not have anyone come on the Yawmul Qiymah (the Day of Resurrection) with anything better than he has brought, except for someone who has said as he has said or has said more. Recorded by Muslim.

He (Muslim) also recorded from Abdullh bin Masd (Radiyallhu Anh) that he said that when the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) entered upon the evening, he used to say,

أمسينا وأمسى الملك لله، والحمد لله لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد، وهو على كل شيء قدير، رب أسألك خير ما في هذه الليلة، وخير ما بعدها وأعوذ بك من شر ما في هذه الليلة، وشر ما بعدها، رب أعوذ بك من الكسل وسوء الكبر، رب أعوذ بك من عذاب في النار، وعذاب في القبر(We have come upon the evening and dominion has come to Allh, and all praise be to Allh. There is no deity worthy of worship- except for Allh alone, He does not have a partner, to Him is the dominion and praise, and He is able to do all things. O my Lord, I ask You for the good that is in this night and for the good that is after it, and I seek refuge in you from the evil that is in this night and from the evil that is after it. O my Lord, I seek refuge in you from laziness and baneful old age. O my Lord, I seek refuge in you from torment in the fire, and from torment in the grave).

And when he entered upon the morning he used also to say,

أصبحنا وأصبح الملك لله (We have come upon the morning and dominion has come to Allh; the rest of the Du continues as above).

Abdullh bin Khubayb said, We went out on a rainy and severly dark night to ask Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) to pray for us. We arrived where he was and he said,


قل فلم أقل شيئاً، ثم قال: قل فلم أقل شيئاً، قال: قل قلت: يا رسول الله ما أقول؟ قال: قل هو الله أحد. والمعوذتين حين تمسي وحين تصبح ثلاث مرات يكفيك من كل شيء
Say! I did not say anything. Then he said: Say! I did not say anything. Then he said: Say! I said: O Raslullh, what should I say? He said: قل هو الله أحد (Say: He is Allh the One; i.e. Sratul Ikhls) and The المعوذتين (Sratul Falaq and an-Ns) three times when you enter upon the evening and when you enter upon the morning and that will suffice you (as protection) from everything. Recorded by Ab Dwd, an-Nas, and at-Tirmidh, who said, the Hadth is Hasan Sahh.

Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) narrated from the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to teach his Ashb (pl. of Sahbah; companions) to say,

إذا أصبح أحدكم فليقل: اللهم بك أصبحنا، وبك أمسينا، وبك نحيا، وبك نموت، وإليك النشور وإذا أمسى فليقل: اللهم بك أمسينا وبك أصبحنا وبك نحيا وبك نموت وإليك المصير
When one of you comes upon the morning, then let him say, اللهم بك أصبحنا، وبك أمسينا، وبك نحيا، وبك نموت، وإليك النشور (O Allh, by You we have entered upon the morning, and by You we have entered upon the evening, and by You we live and by You we die, and to You is the resurrection). And if he comes upon the evening, let him say: اللهم بك أمسينا وبك أصبحنا وبك نحيا وبك نموت وإليك المصير (O Allh, by You we have entered upon the evening, and by You we have entered upon the morning, and by You we live and by You we die and to You is the final destiny). At-Tirmidh said, The Hadth is Hasan Sahh.

It is narrated from Shaddd bin Aws (Radiyallhu Anh) from the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) that he said,

سيد الاستغفار: اللهم أنت ربي لا إله إلا أنت، خلقتني وأنا عبدك، وأنا على عهدك ووعدك ما استطعت، أبوء لك بنعمتك علي وأبوء بذنبي، فاغفر لي، فإنه لا يغفر الذنوب إلا أنت من قالها حين يمسي فمات من ليلته، دخل الجنة، ومن قالها حين يصبح فمات من يومه دخل الجنة
The سيد الاستغفار (master of the prayer for forgiveness) is: اللهم أنت ربي لا إله إلا أنت، خلقتني وأنا عبدك، وأنا على عهدك ووعدك ما استطعت، أبوء لك بنعمتك علي وأبوء بذنبي، فاغفر لي، فإنه لا يغفر الذنوب إلا أنت (O Allh, You are my Lord, (there is no deity worthy of worship- except for You. You have created me and I am Your servant, and I am (keeping) my covenant to You and my promise to You as much as I am able. I acknowledge Your favor to me and I acknowledge my sins, so forgive me, for there is no one who forgives sins other than You.) Whoever says it when enters upon the evening and then dies that night, enters Jannah (paradise); and whoever says it when he enters upon the morning and dies that day, enters Jannah. Recorded by al-Bukhr

Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) narrated that Ab Bakr as-Siddq (Radiyallhu Anh) said, O Raslullah, teach me something to say in the morning and in the evening. He (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

اللهم عالم الغيب والشهادة، فاطر السموات والأرض، رب كل شيء ومليكه، أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت أعوذ بك من شر نفسي، وشر الشيطان وشركه - وفي رواية: وأن أقترف على نفسي سوءاً أو أجره إلى مسلم - قله إذا أصبحت وإذا أمسيت، وإذا أخذت مضجعك
(Say:) اللهم عالم الغيب والشهادة، فاطر السموات والأرض، رب كل شيء ومليكه، أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت أعوذ بك من شر نفسي، وشر الشيطان وشركه (O Allh, Knower of the invisible and visible, Creator of the heavens and Earth, Lord of everything and its King, I bear witness that there is no deity -worthy of worship- except for You. I take refuge in from You from the evil of myself, and from the evil of the Shaytn (devil) and his Shirk.

And in one version (it says):

وأن أقترف على نفسي سوءاً أو أجره إلى مسلم (And I take refuge in You so that I may not commit against myself some evil, or bring it down upon a Muslim.)

Say this when you enter upon the morning, and when you enter upon the evening, and when you have taken to your place of sleep.
At-Tirmidh said The Hadth is Hasan Sahh.

Uthmn bin Affn (Radiyallhu Anh) said, Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما من عبد يقول في صباح كل يوم، ومساء كل ليلة: بسم الله الذي لا يضر مع اسمه شيء في الأرض ولا في السماء، وهو السميع العليم، ثلاث مرات، لم يضره شيء
There is no servant (of Allh) who says three times on the morning of each day, and on the evening of each night: بسم الله الذي لا يضر مع اسمه شيء في الأرض ولا في السماء، وهو السميع العليم (In the name of Allh, with whose name nothing in the earth or in the sky brings harm, and He is as-Sam (the All-Hearing), al-Alm (the All-Knowing)) to whom any harm will come. At-Tirmidh said The Hadth is Hasan Sahh.

It is narrated from Thawbn and others (Radiyallhu Anhum) that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

من قال حين يمسي: رضيت بالله رباً وبالإسلام ديناً، وبمحمد صلى الله عليه وسلم نبياً كان حقاً على الله أن يرضيه
He who has said when he enters upon the evening, رضيت بالله رباً وبالإسلام ديناً، وبمحمد صلى الله عليه وسلم نبياً (I am content with Allh as a Lord, with Islam as a Dn (religion), and with Muhammad (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) as a Nab), it is incumbent upon Allh that He should cause him to be content. At-Tirmidh said This Hadth is Hasan Sahh.

It is narrated from Anas bin Mlik (Radiyallhu Anh) that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

من قال حين يصبح أو يمسي: اللهم إني أصبحت أشهدك، وأشهد حملة عرشك، وملائكتك وجميع خلقك بأنك أنت الله لا إله إلا أنت وأن محمداً عبدك ورسولك، أعتق الله ربعه من النار ومن قالها مرتين أعتق الله نصفه من النار، ومن قالها ثلاثاً أعتق الله ثلاثة أرباعه من النار، فإن قالها أربعاً أعتقه الله من النار
Whoever says when he enters upon the morning or evening اللهم إني أصبحت أشهدك، وأشهد حملة عرشك، وملائكتك وجميع خلقك بأنك أنت الله لا إله إلا أنت وأن محمداً عبدك ورسولك (O Allh! I have entered upon the morning while calling You, the bearers of Your Arsh (the Throne), Your Malikah, and the entirety of Your creation to witness that You are Allh whom there is no deity worthy of worship- except for, and that Muhammad is your slave and Rasl.) Allh will free a quarter of him from the Nr (fire). Whoever says it twice, Allh will free half of him from the Nr. Whoever says it thrice, Allh will three-fourths of him from the Nr. Whoever says it four times, Allh will free him from the Nr. At-Tirmidh said The Hadth is Hasan Sahh.

It is narrated from Abdullh bin Ghannm (Radiyallhu Anh) that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

من قال حين يصبح: اللهم ما أصبح بي من نعمة (أو بأحد من خلقك) فمنك وحدك لا شريك لك، لك الحمد، ولك الشكر فقد أدى شكر يومه، ومن قال مثل ذلك حين يمسي فقد أدى شكر ليلته
Whoever says when he enters upon the morning, اللهم ما أصبح بي من نعمة (أو بأحد من خلقك) فمنك وحدك لا شريك لك، لك الحمد، ولك الشكر (O Allh, whatever favour has come to me [or to one of Your creation], it is from You. You have no partners, to You is praise, and to you is thanks), then he will have carried out his thanks for that day, and whoever says this when he enters upon the evening, he will have carried out his thanks for that night. Recorded by Ab Dwd.

Abdullh bin Amr (Radiyallhu Anhum) said, Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) never failed to say these Dawt (pl. of Du; prayers) when entering upon the evening or entering upon the morning, اللهم إني أسألك العافية في الدنيا والآخرة، اللهم أسألك العفو والعافية في ديني ودنياي، وأهلي ومالي، اللهم استر عوراتي، وآمن روعاتي، اللهم احفظني من بين يدي ومن خلفي، وعن يميني وعن شمالي، ومن فوقي وأعوذ بعظمتك أن أغتال من تحتي (O Allh, I ask of You well-being in the Duny (the World) and in the khirah (Hereafter). O Allh I ask You for forgiveness and well-being in my Dn (religion) and in my Dunyaw (worldly) needs, and in my family and in my wealth. O Allh, conceal my private parts and protect me against frights. O Allh, guard me from in front of me and behind me, from my right and from my left, and from above me. And I take refuge in Your sublimity lest I be taken unawares from below me.)

Wak said, (Lest I be taken unawares from below) meaning
الخسف (being swallowed up in the Earth). Recorded by Ab Dwd, an-Nas and Ibnu Mjah. Al-Hkim said, The Isnd (chain of narration) is Sahh.

It is narrated from Talq bin Habb said that A man came to Ab Dard (Radiyallhu Anh) and said O Ab Dard! Your house has burnt down! He (Radiyallhu Anh) said, It did not burn down; Allh is not do such a thing (to me) because of some words which I heard from Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam). Whoever says it at the beginning of the day, no affliction will reach him until the evening, and whoever says it at the end of the day, no affliction will reach him until the evening. (It is)

اللهم أنت ربي لا إله إلا أنت، عليك توكلت وأنت رب العرش العظيم، ما شاء الله كان، وما لم يشأ لم يكن، لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله العلي العظيم، أعلم أن الله على كل شيء قدير، وأن الله قد أحاط بكل شيء علماً، اللهم إني أعوذ بك من شر نفسي ومن شر كل دابة أنت آخذ ناصيتي، إن ربي على صراط مستقيم (O Allh, You are my Lord whom there is no deity worthy of worship- except for. In You I put my trust, and You are the Lord of the Great Arsh (Throne). Whatever Allh wills occurs, and whatever He does not will to be does not occur. There is no right or power except with Allh al-Al () al-Adhm (). I know that Allh has power over everything, and that Allh encompasses everything with His Knowledge. O Allh, I seek refuge in You from the evil of myself, and from the evil of every animal on the earth whose forehead You hold. Verily, the Sirtu Mustakm (Straight Path) is with my Lord).
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

Izhr'ud Dn

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  • فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ
(4.) WHAT IS TO BE SAID ON GOING TO SLEEP
« Reply #8 on: 13.11.2018, 01:09:04 AM »
فيما يقال عند المنام
(4.) What is to be Said on Going to Sleep

Hudhayfah (Radiyallhu Anh) said that when Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) wanted to sleep, he would say,

باسمك اللهم أموت وأحيا (In Your name O Allh, I die and I live) And when he awoke from his sleep he would say: الحمد لله الذي أحيانا بعدما أماتنا وإليه النشور (Thanks be to Allh who has brought us to life after having caused us to die, and to Him is the Resurrection.) The Hadth is agreed upon (i.e. it was recorded by al-Bukhr and Muslim)

It is narrated from ishah (Radiyallhu Anh) that every night when the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam), went to his bed, he used to join his palms together and then blow on them. He used to recite into them,

قل هو الله أحد (Say: He is Allh the One; i.e. Sratul Ikhls), قل أعوذ برب الفلق (Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the Daybreak; i.e. Sratul Falaq),  and قل أعوذ برب الناس (Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of Mankind i.e. Sratun Ns) Then, he would wipe as much as he could of his body with them (with the palms of his hands), starting with his head and face and that which would come near to him from his body (he would wipe wherever his hands would reach from his body). He would do this three times. The Hadth is agreed upon.

It is narrated from Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) that a person came to him urging (trying to take hold of) the Sadqah (charity) night after night, while the Nab Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam had made him in charge of it. When it was the third night, he (Radiyallhu Anh) said, I am certainly going to take you to Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam). He said, (If you) leave me, I will teach you some words by which Allh will benefit you. They (Sahbah) were very keen upon (to learn) the good- he said, When you go to your bed, recite yatul Kurs (the Verse of the Throne), (which is),


اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ
Allh, whom there is no deity -worthy of worship- except for, the Ever-living, the Sustainer, the Self-sustainer...6 (al-Baqarah 2/255)

Until you complete it, for it will continue to be -from Allh- a right (protection) for you and no Shaytn (the devil) will approach you until you enter upon the morning.

Thus (when Ab Hurayrah narrated the incident to Raslullh), Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,


(صدقك وهو كذوب (ذاك شيطان
He has told you the truth while he is a great liar ((meaning:) that was a Shaytn). Recorded by al-Bukhr.

It is narrated from Ab Masd al-Ansr (Radiyallhu Anh) from the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) that he said,

من قرأ الآيتين من آخر سورة البقرة في كل ليلة كفتاه
He who recites the two yt (pl. of yah; verses) from the end of Sratul Baqarah7 at every night will find them sufficient for him. The Hadth is agreed upon (it was Related by al-Bukhr and Muslim).

Al (Radiyallhu Anh) said,

ما كنت أرى أحداً يعقل ينام قبل أن يقرأ الآيات الثلاث من آخر سورة البقرة
I do not consider that anyone with an intellect would sleep before reading the three yt from the end of Sratul Baqarah8 .

It is narrated from Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,


إذا قام أحدكم عن فراشه ثم رجع إليه، فلينفضه بصنفة إزاره ثلاث مرات، فإنه لا يدري ما خلفه عليه بعده، وإذا اضطجع فليقل: باسمك ربي وضعت جنبي وبك أرفعه، فإن أمسكت نفسي فارحمها، وإن أرسلتها فاحفظها بما تحفظ به عبادك الصالحين
If any of you gets up from his bed and then comes back to it, he should dust his bedding with the inner extremity of his garment three times, for he does not know what has come on to it since he left it. When he lies down he should say, باسمك ربي وضعت جنبي وبك أرفعه، فإن أمسكت نفسي فارحمها، وإن أرسلتها فاحفظها بما تحفظ به عبادك الصالحين (In Your name, O Lord, have I laid myself down on my side and by You shall I raise it up. If You take hold of my soul, then have mercy on it; and if You let it go, then guard it with that which You guard Your pious servants.) The Hadth is agreed upon.

Another narration says,

إذا استيقظ أحدكم فليقل: الحمد لله الذي عافاني في جسدي ورد علي روحي، وأذن لي بذكره
When one of you wakes up, he should say, الحمد لله الذي عافاني في جسدي ورد علي روحي، وأذن لي بذكره (Thanks be to Allh who has protected me in my body and returned to me my soul and permitted me to remember Him).

It is narrated from Al (Radiyallhu Anh) that Ftimah (Radiyallhu Anh) came to the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) to ask him for a servant, but she did not find him. She found ishah (Radiyallhu Anh) and informed her of it. Al (Radiyallhu Anh) said, Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to us while we had took hold of our beds (in our beds) and said,

ألا أدلكما على ما هو خير لكما من خادم، إذا أويتما إلى فراشكما، فسبحا ثلاثاً وثلاثين، واحمدا ثلاثاً وثلاثين، وكبرا أربعاً وثلاثين، فإنه خير لكما من خادم
Shall I not inform you of something which is better than a servant? When you go to your beds, make Tasbh (say سبحان الله (How far is Allh from every imperfection!)) thirty-three times, Tahmd (say الحمد لله (Praise be to Allh)) thirty-three times, and Takbr (say الله أكبر (Allh is the Greatest)) thirty-four times. Verily, (saying) it is better for you to than a servant

Al said, I did not leave (to say) these since I heard them from Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam). It was said to him, Not even on the night of (the Battle of) as-Siffn? He said, Not even on the night of (the Battle of) as-Siffn. The Hadth is agreed upon (it was recorded by al-Bukhr and Muslim).

It has reached us that whoever memorises these words, weakness will not overcome him in anything that concerns him such as work and its like.

It is narrated from Ummul Muiminn (the Mother of the Believers, i.e. the wife of Raslullh) Hafsah (Radiyallhu Anh) that when the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to want to go to sleep, he would place his right hand under his cheek and then three times- say,
اللهم قني عذابك يوم تبعث عبادك (O Allh, protect me from Your punishment on the day You resurrect Your servants). Recorded by Ab Dwd and at-Tirmidh said, The Hadth is Hasan Sahh. He (at-Tirmidh) also narrated it from the transmission of Hudhayfah (Radiyallhu Anh).

It is narrated from Anas (Radiyallhu Anh) that when the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to go to his bed, he used to say:

الحمد لله الذي أطعمنا وسقانا، وكفانا، وآوانا، فكم ممن لا كافي له ولا مؤوي (Thanks be to Allh who has fed us, given us to drink, met all our requirements and who has sheltered us. And how many are there who have no one to provide for them and give them shelter!) Recorded by Muslim.
   
It is narrated from Ibnu Umar (Radiyallhu Anhum) that he commanded a man to say when he goes to bed, اللهم أنت خلقت نفسي، وأنت تتوفاها، لك مماتها ومحياها، إن أحييتها فاحفظها، وإن أمتها فاغفر لها، اللهم إني أسألك العافية (O Allh, You have created my soul, and You will take it to Yourself. You possess its death and its life. If You make it live, then guard it; and if You make it die, then forgive it. O Allh, I ask of You well-being.) Ibnu Umar said, I heard this from Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam). Recorded by Muslim.

Ab Sad al-Khudr (Radiyallhu Anh) said that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,


من قال حين يأوي إلى فراشه: أستغفر الله العظيم الذي لا إله إلاهو الحي القيوم وأتوب إليه. ثلاث مرات، غفر الله ذنوبه وإن كانت مثل زبد البحر، وإن كانت عدد رمل عالج، وإن كانت عدد أيام الدنيا
Whoever says when he goes to his bed, أستغفر الله العظيم الذي لا إله إلاهو الحي القيوم وأتوب إليه (I seek forgiveness from Allh al-Adhm (the Mighty) whom there is no deity worthy of worship- except for, al-Hayy (the Living) al-Qayym (the Eternal), and I repent to Him.) three times, Allh will forgive his sins even if they are like the foam of the sea, the number of pieces of sands at lij (a place known for the sand which has accumulated), and even if it is the number of the days of this Duny (earth). At-Tirmidh said, The Hadth is Hasan Gharb.

It is narrated from Ab Hurayra (Radiyallhu Anh) that the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to say when he went to his bed, اللهم رب السموات، ورب الأرض، ورب العرش العظيم، ربنا ورب كل شيء، فالق الحب والنوى، ومنزل التوراة والإنجيل والفرقان، أعوذ بك من شر كل ذي شر أنت آخذ بناصيته، اللهم أنت الأول فليس قبلك شيء، وأنت الآخر فليس بعدك شيء، وأنت الظاهر فليس فوقك شيء، وأنت الباطن فليس دونك شيء، اقض عنا الدين، وأغننا من الفقر (O Allh, Lord of the Samwt (pl. of Sam; heavens), Lord of the Ardh (earth), Lord of the Great Arsh (Throne), Our Lord and Lord of everything, the Cleaver of the dry grain and of the date-stone, and He who has sent down the Tawrh (Torah), Injl (Gospel), and the Furqn (that which distinguishes right from wrong, i.e. the Qurn), I take refuge in You from the evil of anything which possesses evil which You have him by the forelock (i.e. You are in control of him). O Allh, You are al-Awwal (the First) -thus there is nothing before You-, You are al-khir (the Last), -thus there is nothing after You-, You are adh-Dhhir (the Outward), -thus there is nothing above You-, and You are al-Btin (the Inward), -thus there is nothing below You-, discharge the debts for us and free us from poverty.) Recorded by Muslim.

al-Bar bin zib (Radiyallhu Anh) said that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me,


إذا أتيت مضجعك فتوضأ وضوءك للصلاة، ثم اضجع على شقك الأيمن، وقل: اللهم أسلمت نفسي إليك، ووجهت وجهي إليك، وفوضت أمري إليك، وألجأت ظهري إليك رغبة ورهبة إليك، لا ملجأ ولا منجا منك إلا إليك، آمنت بكتابك الذي أنزلت، وبنبيك الذي أرسلت، فإن مت من ليلتك مت على الفطرة، واجعلهن آخر ما تقول
When you go to your bed, perform the ritual Wud (ablution) of the Salh (prayer), then lie down on your right side and say: اللهم أسلمت نفسي إليك، ووجهت وجهي إليك، وفوضت أمري إليك، وألجأت ظهري إليك رغبة ورهبة إليك، لا ملجأ ولا منجا منك إلا إليك، آمنت بكتابك الذي أنزلت، وبنبيك الذي أرسلت (O Allh, I have submitted my soul to You, directed my face to You, entrusted myself to You, and I fall back on You out of Raghbah (desire) of You Rahbah (fear) of You. There is no refuge and no place of safety from You except by turning to You. I have believed in Your book which You have revealed and in Your Nab (prophet) whom You have sent.) For verily, if you die that very night, you will have died upon the Fitrah (in professing the natural and true faith) -and make them the last words you say. The Hadth is agreed upon (it was recorded by al-Bukhr and Muslim).

Quote
Footnotes:

6- The yah in full reads,


اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ
Allh, whom there is no deity worthy of worship- except for, the Ever-living, the Sustainer, the Self-sustainer. Neither drowsiness nor sleep comes to Him. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth. Who is he who shall intercede with Him save by His permission? He knows what lies before them and what behind them and they comprehend none of His knowledge except that which He wishes. His throne encompasses the heavens and the earth, and He is not wearied by guarding them. He is the all-high, the all-exalted. (al-Baqarah 2/255)

7- The last two yt (pl. of yah) of Sratul Baqarah read,

آمَنَ الرَّسُولُ بِمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ رَبِّهِ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ كُلٌّ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِنْ رُسُلِهِ وَقَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا غُفْرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِنْ نَسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنَا رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا أَنْتَ مَوْلَانَا فَانْصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ
The Messenger believeth in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believeth in Allh, His angels, His books, and His messengers. We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His messengers. And they say: We hear, and we obey: (we seek) Thy forgiveness, our Lord, and to Thee is the end of all journeys. On no soul doth Allh place a burden greater than it can bear. It gets every good that it earns, and it suffers every ill that it earns. (Pray:) Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which Thou didst lay on those before us; Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. Thou art our Protector; Grant us victory over the unbelievers. (al-Baqarah 2/285-286)

8- The last three yt (pl. of yah) of Sratul Baqarah read,

لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَإِنْ تُبْدُوا مَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَوْ تُخْفُوهُ يُحَاسِبْكُمْ بِهِ اللَّهُ فَيَغْفِرُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيُعَذِّبُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ آمَنَ الرَّسُولُ بِمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ رَبِّهِ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ كُلٌّ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِنْ رُسُلِهِ وَقَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا غُفْرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِنْ نَسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنَا رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا أَنْتَ مَوْلَانَا فَانْصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ
To Allh belongeth all that is in the heavens and on earth. Whether ye show what is in your minds or conceal it, Allh Calleth you to account for it. He forgiveth whom He pleaseth, and punisheth whom He pleaseth, for Allh hath power over all things. The Messenger believeth in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believeth in Allh, His angels, His books, and His messengers. We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His messengers. And they say: We hear, and we obey: (we seek) Thy forgiveness, our Lord, and to Thee is the end of all journeys. On no soul doth Allh place a burden greater than it can bear. It gets every good that it earns, and it suffers every ill that it earns. (Pray:) Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which Thou didst lay on those before us; Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. Thou art our Protector; Grant us victory over the unbelievers. (al-Baqarah 2/284-286)
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

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فيما يقوله المستيقظ من نومه ليلاً
(5.) Regarding What is to be Said by the Person who Wakes up from His Sleep at Night

It is narrated from Ubdah Ibnus Smit (Radiyallhu Anh) that the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

من تعار من الليل فقال: لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك، وله الحمد، وهو على كل شيء قدير، الحمد لله، وسبحان الله، ولا إله إلا الله، والله أكبر، ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله العلي العظيم، ثم قال: اللهم اغفر لي، أو دعا، أستجيب له، فإن توضأ وصلى قبلت صلاته
He who is disturbed (wakes up) in the night and says: لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك، وله الحمد، وهو على كل شيء قدير، الحمد لله، وسبحان الله، ولا إله إلا الله، والله أكبر، ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله العلي العظيم (There is no deity worthy of worship- except for Allh alone, He does not have a partner, to Him is the dominion and praise, and He is able to do all things. How far is Allh from every imperfection and Praise be to Allh! There is no deity worthy of worship- except for Allh. Allh is the greatest. There is no right or power except with Allh al-Aliyy (the Supreme), al-Adhm (the Mighty). Then he says, اللهم اغفر لي (O Allh, forgive me!) or makes a Du (supplication), his prayer will be accepted. If he makes Wudh (ablution) and performs Salh (prayer), his Salh will be accepted. Recorded by al-Bukhr.

It is narrated from Ab Ummah (Radiyallhu Anh) that he said: I heard Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) say,

من أوى إلى فراشه طاهراً، وذكر الله تعالى حتى يدركه النعاس، لم ينقلب ساعة من الليل يسأل الله شيئاً من خير الدنيا والآخرة إلا أعطاه الله إياه
Whoever goes to his bed clean (i.e. in a state of having ablution) and mentions Allh Tal until sleep comes upon him, he does not wake up for an instant in the night and asks Allh for something of the good of this Duny (world) and the khirah (Hereafter) except that Allh grants it to him. Recorded by at-Tirmidh, and he said The Hadth is Hasan Gharb.

It is narrated from ishah (Radiyallhu Anh) that When Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) woke up at night, he would say, لا إله إلا أنت، سبحانك اللهم، أستغفرك لذنبي، وأسألك رحمتك، اللهم زدني علما ً، ولا تزغ قلبي بعد إذ هديتني، وهب لي من لدنك رحمة أنك أنت الوهاب (There is no deity worthy of worship- except for You. Glory be to You, o Allh. I seek forgiveness from You for my sin(s) and I ask You for Your mercy. O Allh, increase me in knowledge and do not cause my heart to swerve after You have guided me. And Grant me mercy from Yourself, verily, You are al-Wahhb (the Ever-Giving One)). Recorded by Ab Dwd.

It is narrated from Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) that the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

إذا استيقظ أحدكم فليقل: الحمد لله الذي رد علي روحي، وعافاني في جسدي
When one of you wakes up, let him say, الحمد لله الذي رد علي روحي، وعافاني في جسدي (Thanks be to Allh who has returned to me my soul and has protected me in my body).

It is also mentioned that Anas bin Mlik (Radiyallhu Anh) said,

أمرنا أن نستغفر بالليل سبعين استغفاره
We were commanded to seek forgiveness -seventy times- in the night.
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

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فيما يقوله من يفزع ويقلق في منامه
(6.) Regarding What the One who is Disturbed and Frightened in His Sleep Should Say:

It is narrated from Buraydah (Radiyallhu Anh) that he said, Khlid Ibnul Wald (Radiyallhu Anh) complained to the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, O Raslullh! I do not sleep at night because of insomnia! Thus, the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

إذا أويت إلى فراشك فقل: اللهم رب السموات السبع وما أظلت، ورب الأرضين السبع وما أقلت، ورب الشياطين وما أضلت، كن لي جاراً من شر خلقك كلهم جميعاً، أن يفرط أحد منهم علي، وأن يبغي علي، عز جارك، وجل ثناؤك، ولا غله غيرك، ولا إله إلا أنت
When you go to your bed say, اللهم رب السموات السبع وما أظلت، ورب الأرضين السبع وما أقلت، ورب الشياطين وما أضلت، كن لي جاراً من شر خلقك كلهم جميعاً، أن يفرط أحد منهم علي، وأن يبغي علي، عز جارك، وجل ثناؤك، ولا غله غيرك، ولا إله إلا أنت (O Allh, the Lord of the seven Samawt (pl. of Sam; heavens) and what they overshadow, the Lord of the seven Earths and that which they carry, and the Lord of the Shaytn (pl. of Shaytn; devils) and what they have misguided! Be a protector for me from the evil of all Your creatures together, lest one of them hasten with insolence against me or that he oppresses me. Your protection is strong and Your praise is glorious. There is none worthy of worship other than You and there is no deity -worthy of worship- except You.) Recorded by at-Tirmidh.

It is narrated from Amr bin Shuayb, from his father from his grandfather that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to teach them words (to say when they were) frightened (in their sleep):

أعوذ بكلمات الله التامة، من غضبه وشر عباده، ومن همزات الشياطين وأن يحضرون (I take refuge in the perfect words of Allh from His anger and from the evil of His servants, and from the whispers of the Shaytn (pl. of Shaytn; devils) and from their presence.)9 (Related by Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi)

Abdullh bin Umar (Radiyallhu Anh) used to teach this to those of his children who were able to comprehend (it). And he used to (write it down and) hang it upon (the necks of) those who did not understand (it, i.e. for those who were too small to learn it). Related by Ab Dwd and at-Tirmidh, and he said The Hadth is Hasan.


Quote
Footnotes:

9- Allh Tala states,


وَقُلْ رَبِّ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ هَمَزَاتِ الشَّيَاطِينِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ رَبِّ أَنْ يَحْضُرُونِ
And say O my Lord! I seek refuge with Thee from the suggestions of the Evil Ones. And I seek refuge with Thee O my Lord! lest they should come near me. (al-Muminn 23/97-98)
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

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(7.) What is to be Done by a Person who Saw a Dream

Ab Salamah bin Abdur Rahmn said: I heard Ab Qatdah bin Rab say: I heard Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) say,

الرؤيا من الله والحلم من الشيطان، فإذا رأى أحدكم شيئاً يكرهه فلينفث عن يساره ثلاث مرات إذا استيقظ، وليتعوذ بالله من شرها، فإنها لن تضره إن شاء الله
The (good) dream is from Allh and the (bad) dream is from the Shaytn. When one of you has seen (in a dream) something he dislikes, he should spit on his left side three times when he wakes up, and he should seek refuge in Allh from its evil. For verily, it will not harm him Inshllh (Allh willing).

Ab Salamah said, I would see dreams, which were heavier upon me than a mountain, but when I heard this Hadth I did not care about them. In another version he said, I used to see dreams which would make me worry until I heard Ab Qatdah saying, And I used to have dreams which would make me ill until I heard Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) say,

الرؤيا الصالحة من الله، فإذا رأى أحدكم ما يحب، فلا يحدث به إلا من يحب، وإن رأى ما يكره، فلا يحدث به، ولينفث عن يساره (ثلاثاً) ، وليتعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم من شر ما رأى فإنها لن تضره
Good dreams are from Allh. So when one of you sees something (in a dream) which he likes he should not narrate it except to those whom he loves. And if he sees something (in a dream) which he dislikes he should not narrate it, he should spit on his left (three times), and he should seek refuge in Allh from the outcast Shaytn (devil); from the evil of what he saw -for verily, it will not harm him. The Hadth is agreed upon (narrated Related by al-Bukhr and Muslim).

Muslim related from Jbir (Radiyallhu Anh) from Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) that he said,

إذا رأى أحدكم الرؤيا يكرهها فليبصق عن يساره ثلاثاً وليستعذ بالله من الشيطان ثلاثاً، وليتحول عن جنبه الذي كان عليه
When one of you sees a dream which he dislikes, he should spit on his left three times, he should seek refuge in Allh from the Shaytn three times, and he should change the side on which he was.

It is also mentioned from the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) that a man narrated to him his dream, so he said,

خيراً رأيت، وخيراً يكون
What you have seen is good, and it will be good.

In a narration (he said,)

خير تلقاه وشر توقاه، وخير لنا وشر على أعدائنا، والحمد لله رب العالمين
What you will meet is good, and you will be protected from evil, it is good for us and evil for our enemies, and all praise belongs to Allh, the Rabb (Lord) of the lamn (universes).
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

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في فضل العبادة بالليل
(8.) Regarding the Virtue of Ibdah (Worship) at Night

Allh Tal said,

يا أيها المزمل قم الليل إلا قليلا
O thou folded in garments! Stand (to prayer) by night, but not all night. (al-Muzzammil 73/1-2)

Until His statement,

ناشئة الليل هي أشد وطئا وأقوم قيلا
The rising by night is a time when impression is more keen and speech more certain.10 (al-Muzzammil 73/6)

And He Tal stated,

ومن الليل فتهجد به نافلة لك عسى أن يبعثك ربك مقاما محمودا
And as for the night keep awake a part of it as an additional prayer for thee: soon will thy Lord raise thee to a Station of Praise and Glory! (al-Isr 17/79) (and)

ومن الليل فاسجد له وسبحه ليلا طويلا
And part of the night, prostrate thyself to Him; and glorify Him a long night through. (ad-Dahr 76/26)

It is narrated in the Sahhayn (al-Bukhr and Muslim) from Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) from the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallan) that he said,

ينزل ربنا كل ليلة إلى السماء الدنيا حين يبقى ثلث الليل الآخر، فيقول: من يدعوني فأستجب له، ومن يسألني فأعطيه، ومن يستغفرني فأغفر له
Our Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when the last third of the night remains. So He says: Who is calling upon Me so that I may answer it? Who is asking Me so that I may give it him? Who is asking Me for forgiveness so that I may forgive him?

It is narrated from Amr bin Abasah (Radiyallhu Anh) that he heard the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallan) say,

أقرب ما يكون الرب من العبد في جوف الليل الآخر، فإن استطعت أن تكون ممن يذكر الله في تلك الساعة فكن
The Lord is nearest to the slave in the latter-middle part of the night. So, if you are able to be among those who remember Allh at that hour, then be so. At-Tirmidh said, The Hadth is Hasan and Sahh.

Jbir (Radiyallhu Anh) said I heard the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallan) say,

إن في الليل لساعة لا يوافقها رجل مسلم يسأل الله عز وجل خيراً من أمور الدنيا والآخرة إلا أعطاه إياه، وذلك كل ليلة
Verily in the night there is an hour in which no Muslim man -who corresponds to it- asks Allh Azza wa Jalla for good from the matters of this world and the khirah (Hereafter), except that He gives it to him. This (hour) is every night. Muslim recorded it.

Allh Tal stated,

والمستغفرين بالأسحار
() and who pray for forgiveness in the early hours of the morning (li Imrn 3/17)

It is mentioned from Anas bin Mlik (Radiyallhu Anh) that he said:

أمرنا أن نستغفر بالليل سبعين استغفارة.
We were commanded to make Istighfr (seek forgiveness) seventy times in the night.


Quote
Footnotes:

10- The yt (pl. of yah; verses) in full read,


يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ قُمِ اللَّيْلَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا نِصْفَهُ أَوِ انْقُصْ مِنْهُ قَلِيلًا أَوْ زِدْ عَلَيْهِ وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْآنَ تَرْتِيلًا إِنَّا سَنُلْقِي عَلَيْكَ قَوْلًا ثَقِيلًا إِنَّ نَاشِئَةَ اللَّيْلِ هِيَ أَشَدُّ وَطْئًا وَأَقْوَمُ قِيلًا
O thou folded in garments! Stand (to prayer) by night, but not all night,-half of it,- or a little less, or a little more; and recite the Quran in slow, measured rhythmic tones. Soon shall We send down to thee a weighty Word. Truly the rising by night is a time when impression is more keen and speech more certain. (al-Muzzammil 73/1-6)
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

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في تتمة ما يقول إذا استيقظ
(9.) In Conclusion: What One Says When He Wakes Up

It is narrated from Ab Hurayrah (Radiyallhu Anh) from the Nab (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) that he said,

إذا استيقظ أحدكم فليقل: الحمد لله الذي رد علي روحي وعافاني في جسدي، وأذن لي بذكره
When one of you wakes up he should say: الحمد لله الذي رد علي روحي وعافاني في جسدي، وأذن لي بذكره (All Praise is due to Allh who returned my soul to me, restored my health in my body, and allowed me to remember Him). This is a Sahh Hadth.

It is also narrated from him that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

ما من رجل ينتبه من نومه فيقول: الحمد لله خلق النوم واليقظة. الحمد لله الذي بعثني سالماً سوياً، أشهد أن الله يحي الموتى وهو على كل شيء قدير - إلا قال: صدق عبدي
There is not a man who wakes up from his sleep and says, الحمد لله خلق النوم واليقظة. الحمد لله الذي بعثني سالماً سوياً، أشهد أن الله يحي الموتى وهو على كل شيء قدير (All Praise is due to Allh who created sleep and being awake. All Praise is due to Allh who resurrected me peacefully and unimpaired. And He is powerful over all things.) except that He Tal says, My slave has told the truth.

Anas bin Mlik (Radiyallhu Anh) said that Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

من قال - يعني إذا خرج من بيته-  : بسم الله، توكلت على الله. لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله تعالى، يقال له كفيت، ووقيت، وهديت. وتنحى عنه الشيطان فيقول لشيطان آخر: كيف لك برجل قد هدي وكفي ووقي؟
Whoever says - meaning when he leaves his house-, بسم الله، توكلت على الله. لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله تعالى (In the name of Allh, I put my trust in Allh; there is no might or power except with Allh), it will be said to him, You have been sufficed, protected, and guided. The Shaytn (devil) will abandon him and say to another Shaytn, How can you deal with a man who has been guided, sufficed, and protected? Recorded by Ab Dwd, an-Nas, and at-Tirmidh who said, The Hadth is Hasan Sahh.

Umm Salamah (Radiyallhu Anh) said,

ما خرج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من بيتي (قط) إلا رفع طرفه إلى السماء فقال: اللهم إني أعوذ بك أن أضل أو أضل أو أزل أو أزل، أو أظلم أو أظلم، أو أجهل أو يجهل علي
Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) never [ever] left my house except that he would raise his sight to the sky and say, اللهم إني أعوذ بك أن أضل أو أضل أو أزل أو أزل، أو أظلم أو أظلم، أو أجهل أو يجهل علي (O Allh! I seek refuge in You that I may stray or be led astray, I slip or be caused to slip, I oppress or I am oppressed, or that I behave foolishly or am behaved foolishly against). The Four (Ab Dwd, at-Tirmidh, an-Nas, and Ibnu Mjah) recorded it. At-Tirmidh said, It is Hasan Sahh."
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

Izhr'ud Dn

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في دخول المنزل
(10.) Regarding Entering the House

Jbir bin Abdullh Radiyallhu Anhum said, I heard the Nab Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam say,

إذا دخل الرجل بيته، فذكر الله تعالى عند دخوله، وعند طعامه، قال الشيطان: لا مبيت لكم ولاعشاء، وإذا دخل فلم يذكر الله تعالى عند دخوله، قال الشيطان: أدركتم المبيت، وإذا لم يذكر الله تعالى عند طعامه قال: أدركتم المبيت والعشاء
When a man enters his house and mentions Allh Tal upon entering and when (eating his) food, the Shaytn says (to his companions), You have no place to spend the night and no evening meal; but when he enters without remembering Allh Tal while entering, the Shaytn says (to his companions), You have found a place to spend the night; and when he does not remember Allh Tal upon (eating his) food, he says, You have found a place to spend the night and an evening meal. Recorded by Muslim.

Ab Mlik al-Ashar Radiyallhu Anh said that Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

إذا ولج الرجل بيته فليقل: اللهم إني أسألك خير المولج، وخير المخرج، بسم الله ولجنا، بسم الله خرجنا، وعلى الله ربنا توكلنا. ثم ليسلم على أهله
When a man enters into his house he should say, اللهم إني أسألك خير المولج، وخير المخرج، بسم الله ولجنا، بسم الله خرجنا، وعلى الله ربنا توكلنا (O Allh, I ask You for the best entrance and the best exit. In the name of Allh we have entered, in the name of Allh we have came out, and in Allh our Rabb (Lord) we have put our trust.) Than he should greet his family. Recorded by Ab Dwd.

Anas bin Mlik Radiyallhu Anh also said, Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam said to me,

يا بني إذا دخلت على أهلك فسلم يكن بركة عليك وعلى أهل بيتك
O my little son! When you enter upon your family give Salm (greetings, i.e. say as-Salmu Alaykum) so that it may be a Barakah (blessing) upon you and your household. At-Tirmidh said, The Hadth is Hasan Sahh.
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

 

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