التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: WHAT TO SAY AFTER WRITING THE NAME OF ALLĀH RASŪLULLAH THE SAHĀBAH AND THE ULAMĀ  (Read 48 times)

Tullab'ul Ilm

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What is Preferable to Say after Writing the Name of Allāh, Rasūlullāh, the Sahābah (Companions), and the Ulamā (Scholars)

Rasūlullāh صلى الله عليه وسلم said,

رَغِمَ أَنْفُ رَجُلٍ ذُكِرْتُ عِنْدَهُ فَلَمْ يُصَلِّ عَلَىَّ‏
“May the man before whom I am mentioned -and he does not send salutations upon me- be humiliated...” (at-Tirmīdhī 3545)

He صلى الله عليه وسلم also said,

الْبَخِيلُ الَّذِي مَنْ ذُكِرْتُ عِنْدَهُ فَلَمْ يُصَلِّ عَلَىَّ
“The stingy person is the one before whom I am mentioned, and he does not send salutations upon me.” (at-Tirmīdhī 3546)

Imām an-Nawawī (رحمه الله) listed a section in his Muqadimah (introduction) of his commentary on Sahīh Muslim entitled “al-Minhāj Sharhu Sahīh Muslim Ibnu’l Hajjāj”. He sets a guideline of the manners and etiquette that need to be observed when specific names are mentioned. He sets the guideline for the writers as well as the reader:

(فصل)
Fasl (Chapter)

“When the one who writes Hadīth passes by the mentioning of Allāh عز وجل, it is Mustahab (recommended) for him to write عز وجل (the Great and Almighty), تعالى (the Exalted), سبحانه وتعالى (to Whom be ascribed all perfection and majesty), تبارك وتعالى (Blessed and Exalted be He), جل ذكره (His mentioning is Majestic), تبارك اسمه (Blessed is His Name), جلت عظمته (His Greatness is Majestic), or what resembles this.

Like this, to write in its full
صلى الله عليه وسلم (may peace and blessings be upon him) when the Nabī is mentioned, not to make a sign for them or to limit it to one of them.

Like this, to say for the Sahābī (a Sahābah)
رضي الله عنه (May Allāh be pleased with him). If it is for a Sahābī son of another Sahābī he says رضي الله عنهما (May Allāh be pleased with them two).

Like this, he should ask Allāh to be pleased with (say
رضي الله عنه) and shower His Mercy upon (say رحمه الله (may Allāh have mercy upon him)) the rest of the Ulamā (scholars) and the latter (Ulamā).

He should write all of these down even if they were not written in the original text the writer quotes (or writes) from. For verily this is not a narration but it is a Du’ā. It befits the reader to read all of what we have mentioned, even if it was not mentioned in the text they read from. He should not be bored from repeating this. And the one who omits this is deprived from a great reward and passes a huge virtue.” (al-Minhāj Sharhu Sahīh Muslim Ibnu’l Hajjāj, 1/39)


Quoting from ash-Shaykh Ibnu’s Salāh and al-Khatīb (رحمهما الله), Imām Ibnu Kathīr (رحمه الله) states,

“He (Ibnu’s Salāh
رحمه الله) said,

“He should preserve the praise of Allāh and
الصلاة والسلام (peace and blessings) upon His Rasūl. He should not become bored if it is repeated. For verily, there is much benefit in it.”

He (
رحمه الله) said, “What is found in the handwriting of Imām Ahmad which does not contain the salutation is to be understood as him intending to relate it.”

Al-Khatīb (
رحمه الله) said, “It has reached me that he (Imām Ahmad رحمه الله) would send salutations upon the Nabī صلى الله عليه وسلم by pronouncing it and not by writing it.”

Ibnu’s Salāh (
رحمه الله) said, “He should write the الصلاة والتسليم (peace and blessings) with honour and not as a sign.” He said, “He should not shorten it to عليه السلام (may blessings be upon him), which means, he should write صلى الله عليه وسلم openly and fully.”” (Ikhtisār Ulūmu’l Hadīth 1/135-136)
Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) stated:

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Alim (scholar) recognizes the Jaahil (ignorant) it is because he was once Jaahil. The Jaahil does not recognize the Alim it is because he has never been an Alim." (Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmu'ul Fatawa, 13/235)