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Author Topic: THE BEST OF REMINDERS: THE DEATH OF RASŰLULLÂH & SOME OF HIS MAJOR COMPANIONS  (Read 237 times)

Asad'us Sunnah

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Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)

Asad'us Sunnah

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The Death of the Messenger of Allāh (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)*

Know that with Allāh’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) is the best example for all circumstances, and it is well known that there is no one from among the creation who is more beloved to Allāh than him (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).

Yet with that, Allāh did not delay his appointed time when he fulfilled his life. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) met death with agony. Bukhārī reported in his Sahīh1 from the hadīth of ‘Ā’ishah (radiyAllāhu ‘anhā) that she said: “There was a leather or wooden container filled with water in front of Allāh’s Messenger next to his bed at the time close to his death. He would dip his hand into the water and wipe his face with it saying: “lā ilaha ilā Allāh, indeed death has it’s agonies.”

In Sahīh al-Bukhārī2 from the hadīth of Anas (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) that he said: “When the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sickness worsened, he would fall unconscious. Fātimah (radiyAllāhu ‘anhā) said: ‘How distressed my father is.’ The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to her: “There will be no distress after this day.”

Ibn Mas’ud (radiyAllāhu 'anhu) reported: We gathered in the house of our mother ‘Ā’ishah (radiyAllāhu 'anhā) and Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) looked at us and we shed tears. He looked at us (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and tears welled up in his eyes. Then he said: “Welcome to you! May Allāh greet you with peace! May Allāh preserve you! May Allāh aid you! May Allāh unite you! May Allāh support you! May Allāh grant you success! May Allāh bring benefit with you! May Allāh raise you! May Allāh keep you safe! I exhort you to have fear of Allāh, I advise you by Allāh. I keep you in the trust of Allāh.” We said: “O Messenger of Allāh, when is your appointed time [death]?” He replied: “It is coming soon, for me to go to Allāh and to the Sidrat ul-Muntahā [Highest End of Paradise], the Eternal Garden, the Firdaws al-A’lā.” We said: “O Messenger of Allāh, what shall we shroud you with?” He said: “In this thobe which I am wearing now if you want, or in a Yemeni garment, or in white.” We said: “O Messenger of Allāh, who should lead the funeral prayer?” Then we began to cry. He said: “Go easy, may Allāh have mercy on you, may Allāh increase you in goodness for your Prophet. If you have washed and shrouded me, then place me on my bed here which will be my grave. Then leave for an hour, as the first to pray over me will be my close firend and beloved, Jibrīl, then Mikā’īl, then Isrāfīl, then the angel of death, then many other angels. Then come back in groups, pray over me and convey salāms. Do not harm me by praising me, crying or shouting. A man from my household should pray over me first, then their women, and then you after them. Convey the salutations to whoever is absent from my companions and upon those who follow my deen up until the Last Day. For I testify to you that I have conveyed the salutations of salām to whoever enters into Islām.”3

Jibrīl visited the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) three days before his death and said to him: “O Muhammad, Allāh has sent me to you to ask you about that which He is more knowledgeable than you regarding. How do you find yourself?” The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: “Jibrīl, I feel worried and distressed.” Then two days before his death Jibrīl visited him again and asked him the same question, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied with the same answer. Then Jibrīl visited him again a day before his death and asked him the same question, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied with the same answer.

Then the angel of death sought permission [from Jibrīl to take the Prophet’s soul, (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)] and Jibrīl said: “O Ahmad, this is the angel of death asking permission to take your soul and he has not sought permission from any human before you, and will not seek permission from any human after you.” The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: “Grant him permission.” The angel of death entered and stood in front of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said: “Allāh has sent me unto you and instructed me to obey you. So if you instruct me to take your soul I will do, and if not then I will refrain.”

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: “Would you do that O angel of death?” The angel of death said: “Likewise, I have been instructed to obey you.” Jibrīl said: “O Ahmad, Allāh misses you and longs for you.” Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: “Take my soul O angel of death.” Jibrīl ('alayhis-salām) said: “O Messenger of Allāh, this is my last visit to earth and you were my only need to come to the world.”4

Allāh’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died while leaning on ‘Ā’ishah’s (radiyAllāhu ‘anha) chest and wearing a harsh woollen garment and a thick izār. Fātimah (radiyAllāhu ‘anha): “O father, who has responded to the call of the Lord Who has invited him? O father, whose dwelling place is al-Firdaws [the Garden of Paradise]. O father, unto Jibrīl we convey the news [of your death] O my father. When the Prophet was buried, Fātimah said to Anas: “O Anas, are your content with yourself to throw dust over Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)!””5


Quote
Footnotes:

* The Remembrance of Death and the Afterlife pg. 24-34, Imām Ibnu Qudāmah al-Maqdīsī, Dār as-Sunnah Publishers.

1- Bukhārī, vol.8, p.106; Muslim, 418

2- Bukhārī, vol.8, p.113; Ahmad, vol.3, p.197; al-Dārimī, vol.1, p.40; Ibn Mājah, 1629

3- Ibn Sa'd, al- Ṭabaqāt Ṭabarānī, al-Du'ā’ al-Wāhidī, al-Tafsir—the isnād is very weak, refer to Sharh ul-Ihyā’, vol.10, p.290.

4- Reported by Ṭabarānī, al-Kabīr, 2890—from al-Husayn lbn ‘Ali (radiyAllāhu ‘anhā); relayed by al-Haythamī in al-Majma’ vol.9, p.35 and he said: 'It contains ‘Abdullāh lbn Maymūn al-Qadāh and his hadīth are not taken [dhahaba al-hadīth].’

5- The end part of the hadīth from Sahīh al-Bukhārī mentioned prior.
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)

Asad'us Sunnah

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The Death of Abū Bakr al-Siddiq (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu)

Abū’l-Malīh reported that Abū Bakr (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) when he was on his deathbed sent for ‘Umar (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) and said to him: ‘I advise you with something: Allāh has a right on you at night which He only accepts at night. He has a right at night which He does not accept during the day. He does not accept a voluntary act until an obligatory act has been performed. The scales on the Day of Judgement will be weighty due to following the truth in the worldly life. It is the right of the scales in which the truth will be weighed to be weighty. The scales are only light due to following falsehood in the worldly life. It is the right of the scales in which falsehood will be weighed to be light.

Do you not see that Allāh revealed the verses of hope with those of severity, and the verses of severity with those of hope so that the servant will be both in fear and in hope, not throwing himself into destruction with his own hands? Do not anticipate anything form Allāh except the truth. If you maintain this advice from me, and let death be the most beloved thing unto you, as it is sure to happen to you. If you do not pay heed to my advice then death is not the most beloved thing unto you.

And it was said that when Abū Bakr (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) was approaching death, his daughter ‘A’ishah (radiyAllhāu ‘anhā) said:


By your life, wealth will not be enough for a youth
When the pangs of death construct the chest

Abū Bakr (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) said to her: “Do not say this, rather say [what Allāh says]:

“And the agony of death has come in truth. This is what you used to shun!” [Qāf (50): 19]

Look at my two thobes, wash them and shroud me in them, as the living are in more need of the new than the dead.’
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)

Asad'us Sunnah

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The Death of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu)

Ibn ‘Umar (radiyAllāhu anhumā) said: “Umar was in my house after he was stabbed and he fell ill which led to his death. He said to me: ‘Put my cheek on the ground.’ I said: ‘You should not do that.’ He rested his head on my thigh and I said: ‘Shall I rest you on my lap or on the ground?’ I thought that it would harm him so I did not do it. He said: ‘Place my cheek on the ground here. Woe to me, my mother’s woe if my Lord does not have mercy on me.’

It was reported that when he was stabbed he was carried to his home and the people came to visit him and praise him. A young man came and said: ‘Glad tidings O leader of the believers, you have glad tidings from Allāh. For you accompanied Allāh’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and you have put forth for Islām that which you know. Then you assumed authority and were just, and now you have attained martyrdom!’ ‘Umar (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) replied: ‘I regarded that as being little, it is neither for me nor against me.’ Then he said: ‘O ‘Abdullāh Ibn ‘Umar, go to ‘Ā’ishah (radiyAllāhu ‘anhā), the mother of the believers and tell her that ‘Umar conveys salāms unto you, do not say “the leader of the believers” as this day I am not unto the believers a leader. Tell her that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb seeks your permission for him to be buried next to his companion [i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)].’ Ibn ‘Umar (radiyAllāhu ‘anhumā) went, conveyed the salām and sought her permission. He went to her home and found her sitting and weeping. Then Ibn Umar said: Umar conveys his salām unto you and he seeks permission to be buried next to his companion.’ ‘Ā’ishah (radiyAllāhu ‘anhā) said: ‘I wanted that place for myself, but this day I prefer him to have over than my own self.’ When ibn ‘Umar returned, ‘Umar asked him: ‘What happened?’ Ibn ‘Umar (radiyAllāhu ‘anhumā) said: ‘What you love O leader of the believers, she has granted permission.’ ‘Umar said: ‘All praise is due to Allāh, nothing was more beloved to me than that. When I die, carry my body [to the home of ‘Ā’ishah (radiyAllāhu ‘anhā), give greetings of peace and say: ‘‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb seeks permission’. If she grants permission for me then enter me, and if she refuses then return me to be buried in the grave yard of the Muslims.’

Muslim6 also solely reported in the hadīth of al-Miswar Ibn Makhramah: ‘Umar (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) said: ‘By Allāh, if I had the earth in gold I would spend all of it so as to saved from Allāh’s punishment before I see him.’

In another report: ‘By Allāh, if I had that over which the sun rises and sets, I would spend all out of fear of the Creator.’


Quote
Footnotes:
6- Rather Bukhārī in his Sahīh, vol.7, p.42. I did not see it in Sahīh Muslim!
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)

Asad'us Sunnah

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The Death of ‘Uthmān lbn ’Affān (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu)

Nā’ilah bint al-Farāfisah (radiyAllāhu ‘anhā), one of the wives of ‘Uthmān (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) that she said: “Uthmān fasted the day before he was killed. When it came time to break his fast he asked for fresh water but they did not bring it for him so he went to sleep without breaking his fast. When he awoke some servant women bought jars filled with fresh water. I asked them for some water and they gave me a cup. I then went to ‘Uthmān and woke him and said: ‘Here is some fresh water.’ He raised his head, saw that it was fajr and said: ‘I have awoken fasting and Allāh’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) has visited me tonight and given me fresh water saving: ‘Drink ‘Uthmān’ and I drank until I quenched my thirst. Then he said: ‘Have some more?’ So I drank until I quenched my thirst. Then he said: ‘Indeed, the people will rebel against you. If you fight them you will be victorious, and if you leave them then you will break your fast with us.’ She said: ‘Then they entered his house and killed him.’

Al-‘Alā’ lbn al-Fudayl from his father who said: ‘When ‘Uthmān lbn ‘Affān (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) was killed they searched his shelves and found a locked chest. They opened it and found a small vessel in it with a piece of paper inside it with something written on it. It said: “This is ‘Uthmān’s Bequest: In the Name of Allāh, the Most Beneficent, Most Merciful. Indeed the Paradise is truth, the Hellfire is truth. Allāh will resurrect those in the graves on the day about which there is no doubt. Allāh does not break His Promise. On it we live, die and will be resurrected insha’Allāh.’
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)

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The Death of ‘Alī ibn Abi Talib (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu)

Al-Sha‘bī said: ‘When ‘Alī (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) was struck with that blow he said: ‘What was done with the one who hit me?’ They said: We got him.’ ‘Alī said: ‘feed him from my food, give him my water to drink. If I live I will look at his affair, and if I die then strike him with one strike and no more.’ Then ‘Alī asked al-Hasan to wash him and said: ‘Do not go to excess in the shroud, for I heard Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) say: “Do not go to excess in the shrouding as they wear out quickly.”7

Walk with me [in the funeral procession] and do not walk either speedily or slowly. If it is good you will hasten it for me, and if it is bad then you will be relieved from me.’

It is reported that on the night in which ‘Alî (radiyAllāhu ‘anhumā) died, Ibn ul-Tayyāh came to him at fajr and called the adhān for salāh while ‘Alī was lying on the bed. He told him that fajr had commenced, but he remained lying down. Then he told him a third time, then he got up, walked and said:


Make your chest Firm for death.
As death is going to meet you.8
Do not be scared of death
When it comes to your valley.

Quote
Footnotes:

7- Abū Dāwūd, Hadīth no: 3154 and in the chain is Abū Mālik al-Janbī and he is weak in hadīth.

8- This couplet is al-Hazaj-Makhzūm as testified to by the experts in prosody, refer to Ibn ul-Mabrad, al-Kāmil, Hadīth no: 923 and Lisān ul-'Arab al-Muhīt, vol.1, p.1285, Hadīth no: 105. Ibn Manzūr stated: ‘These words are a kināyah [ambiguous implication] for getting prepared for something.”

I say: refer to Asās ul-Balāgha, p.125 and Tabaqāt Ibn Sa’d, vol.3, p.32
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)

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On Sayings of those Near Death among the Companions

When death approached al-Hasan Ibn ‘Alī (radiyAllāhu ‘anhumā) he said: ‘Take my bed out of the house and then leave.’ Then he said: ‘O Allah I trust myself with You.’

We mentioned prior the words of the Rightly Guided Caliphs (radiyAllāhu ‘anhum).

It was reported that Mu’ādh Ibn Jabal (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) said when death approached him: ‘Look if morning has come upon us yet.’ He came and it was said to him that morning had not yet broken. Later he was told when morning had broken and he said: ‘I seek refuge in Allāh from a night whose morning leads to the Hellfire.’ Then he said: ‘Welcome to death! The absent visitor, the beloved who has arrived. O Allāh if I feared You then today I hope in You. O Allāh You Know that I did not love the world or to remain in it for long. I used to fast on the very hot days, pray on winter nights and gather with scholars in the circles of remembrance.’

Abū Muslim said: ‘I went to see Abū’l-Dardā’ (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) while he was admonishing himself saying: ‘What would a man do on this hour? What would he do on such a day? Then he died, may Allāh have mercy on him.’

Salmān al-Fārisī (radiyAllāhu ‘anhu) drew near to his death he wept he was asked: ‘What has made you weep.'’ He replied: Allāh’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) instructed us to prepare with the provisions of a traveller,9 yet with me are these provisions.’ It was said: all that he had around him value amounted to little more than ten dirhams.

Al-Muzanī reported that10: ‘I went to see Muhammad Ibn Idrīs al-Shāfi‘ī at the time of his death11 and I said to him: How are you O Abū ‘Abdullāh?’ He replied: ‘I have become one who is departing from this world, leaving my brothers, seeking Allāh, meeting with by bad actions, so I do not know whether my soul is going to Paradise or to the Fire.’” Then al-Shāfi’ī recited some poetry,


When my heart became hard and my thoughts constricted,
I had hope in Your Pardon as a form of safety.
My sins are enormous,
yet when I compared it to Your Pardon,
Your Pardon was Greater.
You never cease to be a Possessor of Pardon,
and You still show good and pardon which is a favour and a honour12

Quote
Footnotes:

9- Ahmad, vol.5, p.438; Ibn Mājah, Hadīth no: 4104; Tabarânî, al Kabīr, Hadīth no: 6160, 6069, 9182; Hākim, vol.4, p.317; ‘Abdu’l-Razzāq, Hadīth no: 20632; Abu Nu‘aym, vol.1, pp.195, 196, 197, vol.2, p.237; Ahmad, al-Zuhd, p.28; al-Qadā’ī, Hadīth no: 728—it is sahīh

10- [TN]: Al-Bayhaqī, Manāqib ul-Shāfi’ī, vol.2, pp.294-95 via Abū ‘Abdullāh Ibn Shākir from al-Muzanī.

11- [TN]: Al-Shāfi’ī died in 204 AH and al-Muzanī was twenty-nine years old at that time.

12- Refer to Dīwān al-Shāfi’ī, pp 120, 121; al-Bayhaqī, Manāqib ul-Shāfi’ī, vol.2, p.111.
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullâh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Âlim (scholar) recognizes the Jâhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jâhil. The Jâhil does not recognize the Âlim since he has never been an Âlim." (Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 13/235)

 

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