التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: ADVICE TO IBNU ABBĀS BY RASŪLULLĀH (SALLALLĀHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM)  (Read 33 times)

Tullab'ul Ilm

  • Global Moderator
  • Full Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 128
  • فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ

ADVICE TO IBNU ABBĀS (RADIYALLĀHU ANHUMĀ) BY RASŪLULLĀH (SALLALLĀHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM)

IBNU RAJAB AL-HANBALĪ (RAHIMAHULLĀH)


The Hadīth

Explanation of the Hadīth

Allah's Preservation of His Worshipper is Divided into Two Kinds

A Worshipper's Knowledge of His Lord is Divided into Two Types

The Greatest Distress

Asking and Seeking Help

In Case of Calamities, Belief in Allah's Decrees Has Two Degrees

Difference Between Patience and Contentment

Victory Comes with Patience

Happiness Comes after Distresses

One Hardship Cannot Overcome Two Reliefs
Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) stated:

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Alim (scholar) recognizes the Jaahil (ignorant) it is because he was once Jaahil. The Jaahil does not recognize the Alim it is because he has never been an Alim." (Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmu'ul Fatawa, 13/235)

Tullab'ul Ilm

  • Global Moderator
  • Full Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 128
  • فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ
The Hadīth*

'Abdullah bin 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) said,

"One day, I was behind the Prophet (peace be upon him), who said, 'O boy, I shall teach you some words. Preserve Allah and Allah will preserve you. Preserve Allah and you will find Him with you. If you ask, ask Allah. If you seek help, seek the help of Allah. Be aware that if the nation gathered in order to benefit you, they will never benefit you, except by that which Allah ordained. If they gathered in order to harm you, they will never harm you, except by that which Allah ordained. Pens are lifted and papers are dried."1 (Recorded by At-Tirmidhy who said that it is an authentic, good hadith)

In a narration by others than At-Tirmidhy, it was related that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Preserve Allah and you will find Him with you. Be near to Allah at times of prosperity and He will be with you in times of distress. Be acknowledged that whatever you missed, would never have been realized and whatever you realized, you would never have missed. Be acknowledged that victory comes with patience, happiness comes after distresses, and that after hardships, there will be relief."2

This hadīth contains great advice and all-comprehensive pillars of religion. A scholar said, “I contemplated on this hadīth and it swept me away. I was about to lose my mind. What a great loss that many people do not know this hadīth and do not understand its meaning.”


Quote
Footnotes:

* Hadith Nineteen, Jami’ al-‘Ulum Wal-Hikam (A Collection of Knowledge & Wisdom), Ibn Rajab, Umm Al-Qura

1- Recorded by At-Tirmidhy in Kitāb Sifat Al-Qiyāmah (Book on Description of the Resurrection), no. 2516; also recorded by Imam Ahmad, vol. 1, p. 293.

2- Recorded by Imam Ahmad in Al-Musnad. vol. 1, pp. 303 and 307; and by At-Tabarāny in Al-Kabir, no. 11/23 (11243). It was authenticated by Al-Hākim, no. 3/542. Adh-Dhahabi said,."It is not authentic".
Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) stated:

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Alim (scholar) recognizes the Jaahil (ignorant) it is because he was once Jaahil. The Jaahil does not recognize the Alim it is because he has never been an Alim." (Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmu'ul Fatawa, 13/235)

Tullab'ul Ilm

  • Global Moderator
  • Full Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 128
  • فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ
Explanation of The Hadīth

The Prophet's (peace be upon him) saying, "Preserve Allah", means that one should preserve his covenant with Allah and pay attention to His rights, commands and prohibitions. One should adhere to the commands of Allah, avoid prohibited acts and never transgress the duties ordained by Him, or perform a deed which He prohibited. Whoever follows this is among those who preserve their covenant with Allah Who praised them saying,

which means, "(It will be said), "This is what you were promised, - (it is) for those oft-returning (to Allah) in sincere repentance, and those who preserve their covenant with Allah (by obeying Him in all that He has ordered, and worship none but Allah Alone, i.e., follow Allah's Religion, Islamic Monotheism)." Who feared the Most Beneficent (Allah) in the Ghaib (unseen): (i.e., in this worldly life before seeing and meeting Him), and brought a heart turned in repentance (to Him - and absolutely free from each and every kind of polytheism." (Qāf:32,33)

It has been interpreted that those who preserve their covenant with Allah are those who adhere to His commands and those who remember their sins in order to repent them.

The most important commands ordained by Allah which a Muslim should preserve is prayer. Allah ordered us to observe prayer as He says,

which means, "Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawat (the prayers) especially the middle Salāt (i.e. the best prayer - Asr)" (Al-Baqarah: 238)

Allah praised those who observe it, saying,

which means, "And those who guard their Salāt (prayers) well" (Al-Ma'ārij: 34)

One is also commanded to preserve his oaths, as Allah says,

which means, "And protect your oaths (i.e., do not swear often)" (Al-Mā'idah: 89)

Many people swear oaths, but they do not keep them. One should also pay attention to his mind and ideas, and keep himself against eating legally prohibited food.

which means, "Verily! The hearing and the sight and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allah)" (Al-Isrā': 36)

The most important prohibition which one should avoid is committing a sin through one's tongue or sexual organs. Allah says,

which means, "The men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allah often with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying, etc., more than 300 extra times over the remembrance of Allah during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or praying additional Nawāfīl prayers for night in the last part of night, etc.) Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e., Paradise)." (Al-Ahzāb: 35)

The Prophet's (peace be upon him) saying, "Allah will preserve you", means that if one adheres to the commands of Allah, Allah will preserve him. Reward is commensurate with deeds as Allah says,

which means, "And fulfill (your obligations to) My Covenant (with you) so that I fulfill (My Obligations to) your covenant (with Me)." (Al-Baqarah: 40)
Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) stated:

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Alim (scholar) recognizes the Jaahil (ignorant) it is because he was once Jaahil. The Jaahil does not recognize the Alim it is because he has never been an Alim." (Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmu'ul Fatawa, 13/235)

Tullab'ul Ilm

  • Global Moderator
  • Full Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 128
  • فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ
Allah's Preservation of His Worshipper is Divided into Two Kinds:

The first: Allah preserves him in his worldly affairs, such as his body, children, family and money. Whoever adheres to the commands of Allah when he is young and strong, Allah will preserve him when he is old and fragile, and will let him enjoy his hearing, sight, strength and mind.

Allah may preserve a person's offspring, because he is a good worshipper, as the following Qur'anic verse was interpreted,

which means, "And their father was a righteous man." (Al-Kahf: 82)

It has been said that the children were preserved because their father was a righteous man. Sa'id bin Al-Musayyib said to his son, I will increase my prayer for your sake, hoping that Allah will preserve you because of me. Then he recited the following verse,

which means, "And their father was a righteous man." (Al-Kahf: 82)

The second one is more honorable as Allah will preserve the religion and faith of the worshipper. Allah preserves him from falling into misleading dubious ideas and prohibited lusts. Allah will preserve his religion when he dies and He will take away his soul if the worshipper was a truly faithful person.

The Prophet's (peace be upon him) saying, "Preserve Allah and you will find Him with you," means that when a person adheres to the commands of Allah, Allah will support and guide him and even give him victory. Allah says,

which means, "Truly, Allah is with those who fear Him (keep their duty unto Him), and those who are Muhsinun (good-doers)." (An-Nahl: 128)

Qatadah said, "If a person adheres to piety, Allah will be with him. Once Allah is with him, he will never be defeated, as he has the never-sleeping Guard and the never-errant Guide. Allah will be with such people, especially as was the case with Moses and Aaron. Allah says,

which means, "He (Allah) said: "Fear not, verily! I am with you both, hearing and seeing."" (Ta-Ha: 46)

Prophet Moses also said,

which means, "Nay, verily! With me is my Lord; He will guide me." (Ash-Shu'ara': 62)

This special accompaniment means that Allah will support, preserve, help and grant victory to the person. There is also general accompaniment, as mentioned in Allah's saying,

which means, "There is no Najwa (secret counsel) of three, but He is their fourth (with His Knowledge, while He Himself is over the Throne, over the seventh heaven), nor of five but He is their sixth (with His Knowledge), not of less than that or more, but He is with them (with His Knowledge) wheresoever they may be." (Al-Mujadilah: 7)

This accompaniment means that Allah knows each and every thing about His worshippers and that He watches their deeds. Thus they should fear Him. Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Be near to Allah at times of prosperity and He will be with you in times of distress." If a worshipper feared Allah, adhered to His Commands, and performed the rights due to Him in times of prosperity, he will be near Allah. There will be a special relation between the worshipper and his Lord. Allah will be with him in times of distress and will save him from any calamities, because of such relation. Because of this special relation, Allah will be near him, love him and answer his supplications.
Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) stated:

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Alim (scholar) recognizes the Jaahil (ignorant) it is because he was once Jaahil. The Jaahil does not recognize the Alim it is because he has never been an Alim." (Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmu'ul Fatawa, 13/235)

 

Related Topics

  Subject / Started by Replies Last post
0 Replies
490 Views
Last post 28.07.2015, 01:26:59 AM
by Ummah
0 Replies
553 Views
Last post 19.04.2017, 03:18:26 PM
by Ummah
10 Replies
1054 Views
Last post 12.10.2018, 03:40:00 AM
by Tullab'ul Ilm
0 Replies
254 Views
Last post 15.10.2017, 12:37:04 PM
by Ummah
0 Replies
211 Views
Last post 23.03.2018, 08:05:04 AM
by Uswat'ul Hasana
0 Replies
245 Views
Last post 17.06.2018, 10:54:15 AM
by Julaybib
0 Replies
16 Views
Last post 07.02.2019, 02:50:41 AM
by Tullab'ul Ilm
0 Replies
26 Views
Last post 08.02.2019, 01:39:43 AM
by Tullab'ul Ilm
2 Replies
25 Views
Last post 13.02.2019, 09:18:58 PM
by Tullab'ul Ilm