التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: THE SEVEN DESTRUCTIVE SINS  (Read 44 times)

Asad'us Sunnah

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THE SEVEN DESTRUCTIVE SINS
« on: 15.02.2019, 02:52:21 AM »
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ
The Seven Destructive Sins*

What are the Seven Destructive Sins

In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,


«اجْتَنِبُوا السَّبْعَ الْمُوبِقَات»

(Avoid the seven great destructive sins.) The people inquired, 'O Allah's Messenger! What are they' He said,

الشِّرْكُ بِاللهِ، وَقَتْلُ النَّفْسِ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ، وَالسِّحْرُ، وَأَكْلُ الرِّبَا، وَأَكْلُ مَالِ الْيَتِيمِ، وَالتَّوَلِّي يَوْمَ الزَّحْفِ، وَقَذْفُ الْمُحْصَنَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ الْغَافِلَات

(To join others in worship along with Allah, to kill the life which Allah has forbidden except for a just cause, magic, to consume Riba, to consume an orphan's wealth, to turn away from the enemy and flee from the battlefield when the battle begins, and to accuse chaste women, who never even think of anything that would tarnish their chastity and are good believers.)

Another Hadith that mentions False Witness

Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik said, "The Messenger of Allah mentioned the major sins, or was asked about the major sins. He said,


«الشِّرْكُ بِاللهِ، وَقَتْلُ النَّفْسِ، وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْن»

(Associating others with Allah in worship, killing the life, and being undutiful to the parents.) He then said,

«أَلَا أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِأَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ؟» قال : «قَوْلُ الزُّورِ أَوْ شَهَادَةُ الزُّورِ»

(Should I tell you about the biggest of the major sins The false statement - or the false testimony.) "Shu`bah - one of the narrators of the Hadith - said, "Most likely, in my opinion, he said, "False testimony."" The Two Sahihs recorded this Hadith from Shu`bah from Anas. Another Hadith In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that `Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Bakrah said that his father said, "The Prophet said,

«أَلَا أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِأَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ؟»

(Should I inform you about the greatest of the great sins) We said, `Yes, O Allah's Messenger !' He said,

«الِإشْرَاكُ بِاللهِ، وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْن»

(To join others in worship with Allah and to be undutiful to one's parents.) He was reclining, then he sat up and said;

«أَلَا وَشَهَادَةُ الزُّورِ، أَلَا وَقَوْلُ الزُّور»

(And I warn you against false testimony and false speech.) and he continued repeating it until we wished that he would stop.''

Another Hadith that mentions killing the Offspring

In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, "I asked, `O Allah's Messenger! What is the greatest sin' [(in one narration) the biggest sin]' He said,


«أَنْ تَجْعَلَ للهِ نِدًّا وَهُوَ خَلَقَك»

(To make a rival for Allah while He Alone created you.) I said, `Then' He said,

«أَنْ تَقْتُلَ وَلَدَكَ خَشْيَةَ أَنْ يَطْعَمَ مَعَك»

(To kill your offspring for fear that he might share your food with you.) I said, `Then' He said,

«أَنْ تُزَانِيَ حَلِيلَةَ جَارِك»

(To commit adultery with your neighbor's wife.) He then recited,

[وَالَّذِينَ لاَ يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَـهَا ءَاخَرَ]

(And those who invoke not any other god along with Allah), until,

[إِلاَّ مَن تَابَ]

(Except those who repent).''

Another Hadith from `Abdullah bin `Amr

Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin `Amr said that the Prophet said,


«أَكْبَرُ الْكَبَائِرِ: الِإشْرَاكُ بِاللهِ، وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْنِ أَوْ قَتْلُ النَّفْسِ شعبة الشاك وَالْيَمِينُ الْغَمُوس»

(The greatest sins are: To join others in worship with Allah, to be undutiful to one's parents - or to take a life) Shu`bah was uncertain of which one - (and the false oath). Recorded by Al-Bukhari, At-Tirmidhi, and An-Nasai.

Another Hadith by `Abdullah bin `Amr about Causing one's Parents to be Cursed

`Abdullah bin `Amr said that the Messenger of Allah said,


«إِنَّ مِنْ أَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ أَنْ يَلْعَنَ الرَّجُلُ وَالِدَيْه»

(Among the worst of the major sins is for a man to curse his own parents.) They said, "How can one curse his own parents'' He said,

«يَسُبُّ الرَّجُلُ أَبَا الرَّجُلِ، فَيَسُبُّ أَبَاهُ، وَيَسُبُّ أُمَّهُ فَيَسُبُّ أُمَّه»

(One curses another man's father, and that man curses his father in retaliation, or he curses someone's mother and that man curses his mother.) This is the wording of Muslim. At-Tirmidhi said, "Sahih.'' It is recorded in the Sahih that the Messenger of Allah said,

«سِبَابُ الْمُسْلِمِ فُسُوقٌ، وَقِتَالُهُ كُفْر»

(Cursing a Muslim is a sin and fighting him is Kufr.)

Quote
Footnotes:

* Abridged Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Darussalam Publishers, an-Nisa 31
Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) stated:

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Alim (scholar) recognizes the Jaahil (ignorant) it is because he was once Jaahil. The Jaahil does not recognize the Alim it is because he has never been an Alim." (Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmu'ul Fatawa, 13/235)

 

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