التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: IHSÂN AND IKHLÂS  (Read 11 times)

Asad'us Sunnah

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IHSÂN AND IKHLÂS
« on: 15.03.2019, 04:01:00 AM »
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Ihsân & Ikhlâs

Shaykh’ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah Modified*

“Righteous action is the doing of good (Ihsân, which is a causative construction meaning to make something good), i.e., the doing of righteous deeds, and righteous deeds are those which Allâh has ordered us to do. That which Allâh has ordered us to do is that which he has put in the law (Sharî’ah), and that is what is in accordance with the Qur’ân and the Sunnah of His Prophet (Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam).

Allâh has informed us that whoever purifies his intentions for the sake of Allâh, and practices Ihsân in his actions is deserving of reward and in safety from punishment. For this reason, the Imâm’s of the Salaf (the righteous first generations), used to combine these two concepts, as in the statement of al-Fudhayl Ibn’ul Iyâdh (Radiyallâhu Anh) in relation to the meaning of Allâh’s statement: “That He might test you, which of you are best in action.” (al-Mulk 67/2) he said: “The most sincere and the most correct.” It was said to him: “O, father of Alî! What is the meaning of the most sincere (of actions) and the most correct?” He said: “Verily, any action, though it may be correct, which is not done with sincerity, is not accepted; if it is done with sincerity, but is not correct, it is also not accepted, unless and until it is both done with sincerity, and is correct. The sincere action is the one done purely for the sake of Allâh, and the correct action is the one which is in accordance with the Sunnah.”

It has also been narrated by Ibnu Shâhîn and al-Lâlâkâ’î from Sa’îd Ibn’ul Jubayr that he said: “No statement is accepted without action. And no statement and action is accepted without (pure) intention. And no statement and action and intention are accepted unless it is in accordance with the Sunnah. This statement has also been narrated from Hasan al-Basrî who used the word “is not valid” instead of “is not accepted”. In this; (there) is a rejection of the position of the sect called the Murji’ah, who hold that mere verbal statement (i.e., the profession of faith) is sufficient. Rather, he informs us that statement and action are both necessary, since Îmân (faith) is: profession and action. Both are necessary, as we have explained at length elsewhere.”


Quote
Footnotes:

* Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong, Ibn Taymiyya, al-Firdous Publications, pages 64-65.
Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) stated:

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The Alim (scholar) recognizes the Jaahil (ignorant) it is because he was once Jaahil. The Jaahil does not recognize the Alim it is because he has never been an Alim." (Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmu'ul Fatawa, 13/235)

 

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