التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: IHSN AND IKHLS  (Read 126 times)

Izhr'ud Dn

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IHSN AND IKHLS
« on: 15.03.2019, 04:01:00 AM »
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Ihsn & Ikhls

Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah Modified*

Righteous action is the doing of good (Ihsn, which is a causative construction meaning to make something good), i.e., the doing of righteous deeds, and righteous deeds are those which Allh has ordered us to do. That which Allh has ordered us to do is that which he has put in the law (Sharah), and that is what is in accordance with the Qurn and the Sunnah of His Prophet (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam).

Allh has informed us that whoever purifies his intentions for the sake of Allh, and practices Ihsn in his actions is deserving of reward and in safety from punishment. For this reason, the Imms of the Salaf (the righteous first generations), used to combine these two concepts, as in the statement of al-Fudhayl Ibnul Iydh (Radiyallhu Anh) in relation to the meaning of Allhs statement: That He might test you, which of you are best in action. (al-Mulk 67/2) he said: The most sincere and the most correct. It was said to him: O, father of Al! What is the meaning of the most sincere (of actions) and the most correct? He said: Verily, any action, though it may be correct, which is not done with sincerity, is not accepted; if it is done with sincerity, but is not correct, it is also not accepted, unless and until it is both done with sincerity, and is correct. The sincere action is the one done purely for the sake of Allh, and the correct action is the one which is in accordance with the Sunnah.

It has also been narrated by Ibnu Shhn and al-Llk from Sad Ibnul Jubayr that he said: No statement is accepted without action. And no statement and action is accepted without (pure) intention. And no statement and action and intention are accepted unless it is in accordance with the Sunnah. This statement has also been narrated from Hasan al-Basr who used the word is not valid instead of is not accepted. In this; (there) is a rejection of the position of the sect called the Murjiah, who hold that mere verbal statement (i.e., the profession of faith) is sufficient. Rather, he informs us that statement and action are both necessary, since mn (faith) is: profession and action. Both are necessary, as we have explained at length elsewhere.


Quote
Footnotes:

* Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong, Ibn Taymiyya, al-Firdous Publications, pages 64-65.
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

 

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