التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: USLUS SUNNAH, AL-HUMAYD  (Read 81 times)

Asad'us Sunnah

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USLUS SUNNAH, AL-HUMAYD
« on: 16.03.2019, 04:31:28 AM »


Uslus Sunnah (The Foundations of the Sunnah)

al-Humayd (d.219H)


بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Imm Ab Bakr Abdullh Ibnuz Zubayr al-Humayd (d219H)

He is Abdullh Ibnuz Zubayr bin s bin Ubaydullh bin Usmah, Ab Bakr, al-Qurash al-Asad al-Humayd al-Makk, Shaykh of the Harm, and the author of al-Musnad.

He narrated hadth from al-Fudhayl Ibnul Iydh and Sufyn bin Uyaynah -and he did so with frequency and he excelled- and Wak and ash-Shfi, and others.

Imm al-Bukhr narrated the first Hadth in his Sahh from him. His students also include adh-Dhuhl, Ab Zurah ar-Rz, Ab Htim ar-Rz, Ab Bakr Muhammad bin Idrs al-Makk, his scribe, and many besides them.


قال أَحْمَد بْن حَنْبَل: الحميدي عندنا إمام.

Imm Ahmad bin Hanbal said: al-Humayd -according to us- is an Imm. (Tahdhbul Kaml f Asmir Rijl 14/513)

وَقَال أَبُو حاتم: أثبت النَّاس فِي ابْن عُيَيْنَة الحميدي، وهُوَ رئيس أَصْحَاب ابْن عُيَيْنَة، وهُوَ ثقة إمام.

Ab Htim said: The most reliable of people (in narrating) from Ibnu Uyaynah is al-Humayd. He is the head of his companions (students), and he is a reliable Imm. (Tahdhbul Kaml f Asmir Rijl 14/513)

عَنْ يعقوب بْن سُفْيَان: حَدَّثَنَا الحميدي، ومَا لقيت أنصح للإسلام وأهله منه.

Yaqb bin Sufyn said: Al-Humayd narrated to us, and I did not meet anyone more sincere to Islm and its people than him. (Tahdhbul Kaml f Asmir Rijl 14/514)

Hkim said: When al-Bukhr would find a Hadth with al-Humayd, he would not go beyond it to others.

Harb al-Kirmn, al-Llk, Ibnu Taymiyyah, and others described him as an Imm in the Sunnah.

His writings are: al-Musnad, ar-Raddu Alan Numn, at-Tafsr and ad-Dall.

He died in the year of 219H. May Allh show mercy on his soul.
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

Asad'us Sunnah

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Re: USLUS SUNNAH, AL-HUMAYD
« Reply #1 on: 18.03.2019, 02:44:04 AM »

Uslus Sunnah (The Foundations of the Sunnah)

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bishr bin Ms narrated to us [saying]: al-Humayd narrated to us, saying:

mn (Belief) in al-Qadar (the Divine Decree)

1- In our view, the Sunnah is that a man must believe in al-Qadar, its good and bad, its sweetness and bitterness, and to know that what befalls him would not have missed him, and that what missed him would not have touched him. And that all of this is a decree from Allh Azza wa Jalla.

mn is Speech and Action, it Increases and Decreases

2- And that mn is speech and action, it increases and decreases. And speech does not benefit without action, nor do action or speech benefit without (proper) Niyyah (intention), nor do speech, action, or intention benefit except with the Sunnah.

Praising the Sahbah (Ridhwnallhi Alayhim)

3- Invoking mercy upon all of the companions of Muhammad (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam), for Allh Azza wa Jalla said,

وَالَّذِينَ جَاءُوا مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلِإِخْوَانِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالْإِيمَانِ
And those who come after them say O our Rabb! Forgive our brethren they were our predecessors in faith. (al-Hashr 49/10).

Thus, one will not believe except by seeking forgiveness for them. Whoever insults or belittles them or even a single one of them is not upon the Sunnah. And he has no right in the Fay (spoils). More than one informed us about this from Mlik bin Anas that he said,

قسم الله - تعالى - الفئ فقال : ﴿لِلْفُقَرَاءِ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ الَّذِينَ أُخْرِجُوا مِنْ دِيَارِهِمْ﴾ - ثم قال - : ﴿وَالَّذِينَ جَاءُوا مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلِإِخْوَانِنَا﴾ الآية [الحشر:  ۸-۱۰]، فمن لم يقل هذا لهم فليس ممن جعل له الفئ

Allh Tal divided the Fay, so He said in the yah the poor emigrants, those who were driven out of their homes then He said, and those who come after them say oh our Lord forgive us and our brethren. (al-Hashr 49/8-10). And whoever does not say this concerning them then he is not from those for whom there is Fay.

The Qurn is the Speech of Allh Tal

4- The Qurn is the Speech of Allh. I heard Sufyn (bin Uyaynah) saying,

القرآن كلام الله، ومن قال مخلوق فهو مبتدع، لم نسمع أحدا يقول هذا

The Qurn is the Speech of Allh, and whoever says it is created is a Mubtadi (an innovator). And we have not heard anyone saying this.

The View of Sufyn regarding mn

I also heard Sufyn saying,

الإيمان قول وعمل ويزيد وينقص

mn is speech and action, it increases and decreases.

So his brother Ibrhm bin Uyaynah said to him, O Ab Muhammad! Do not say that it decreases. So he got mad and said,


اسكت يا صبي، بل حتى لا يبقى منه شيء

Be quiet o lad! Rather it decreases until there is nothing left of it.

The Muminn (Believers) seeing their Rabb on Yawmul Qiymah (the Day of Judgement)

5- And affirmation of ar-Ruyah (seeing Allh) after death.

Affirming the Sift (Attributes)

6- And (affirming) what the Qurn and the Hadth stated such as,

وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ يَدُ اللَّهِ مَغْلُولَةٌ غُلَّتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ
The Jews say Allhs Hand is tied up. (al-Midah 5/64)

And such as:

وَالسَّمَاوَاتُ مَطْوِيَّاتٌ بِيَمِينِهِ
And the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand. (az-Zumar 39/67)

And what is similar to this from the Qurn and the Hadth. We do not add to it nor explain it. We stop where the Qurn and Sunnah stop, and we say:

الرَّحْمَنُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَى
The Most Merciful rose over the Throne. (Ta-Ha 20/5)

And whoever claims other than this is a denier (of Allhs Sift [Attributes]) and a Jahm.

The difference between Ahlus Sunnah and the Khawrij

7- And that we do not say as the Khawrij do, Whoever commits a major sin has committed disbelief. And we do not make Takfr (declare a person a Kfir) because of a sin that they commit. Kufr is only in abandoning the five which Raslullh (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) said regarding,

بني الإسلام على خمس: شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمد رسول الله [صلى الله عليه وسلم]، وإقام الصلاة، وإيتاء الزكاة، وصوم رمضان، وحج البيت
Islm is built upon five: Bearing witness that there is no deity -worthy of worship- except Allh and Muhammad is Allhs Messenger [Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam], to establish the Salh (prayer), to give the Zakh, to fast in Ramadhn, and to make Hajj to the house (Kabah).

When is the Hujjah (proof) established on the one who leaves the pillars of Islm, or some of them?

* As for three of them, then do not dispute with the one who abandons them: The one who does not give the testimony of faith; does not pray; and does not fast; for none of these are delayed from its time nor does it suffice one to make them up after deliberately neglecting to perform them at their time.

* As for Zakh, whenever he gives it, it suffices him, while he is sinful in withholding it.

* And as for Hajj, then for whoever it is obligatory and he is capable of performing it, then it becomes obligatory for him, but it is not obligatory for him in that very year such that he has no other choice. Whenever he performs it, then he has fulfilled it, and he is not sinful in delaying it as he would be in delaying Zakh for Zakh is the right of the poor Muslims which he has withheld from them, so he is sinful until it reaches them. As for Hajj: it is between him and his Rabb, it is fulfilled whenever he performs it. If he dies while he is able to perform it without having performed Hajj, he asks to be returned to the Duny to perform Hajj, and it is obligatory on his family to perform Hajj on his behalf, and we hope that would fulfill it on his behalf, just as if he had a debt and it was repaid on his behalf after he died.

End of the Rislah and all praise is due to Allh, the Lord of the Universes
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

 

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