التوحيد at-Tawhid

Author Topic: QUESTION: THE RULING OF THE PEOPLE OF OUR ERA; ARE THEY KUFFR OR MURTADDN?  (Read 130 times)

Izhr'ud Dn

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بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Quote from: Question
February 16 2016, 23:57

Salamu Alaykum. You are well Inshallah I read a Fatawa from the ISIS and wanted to send it to you thinking that it may also concern you. The reason being it is stated in it that Shaykh'ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah ruled the Nusayris as Murtad even though they had abundant Kufr. Baghdadi and his folks take this as Dalil (evidence) and rule the Shiites, the Rafidhis and the Shabihas as Murtad. Are they Murtad or Kafir?

Their main argument regarding their claim is the following Fatwa (religiously verdict) of Shaykhul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah.


وَسُئِل رَحِمَهُ الله عن طائفة من رعية البلاد كانوا يرون مذهب النصيرية، ثم أجمعوا على رجل، واختلفت أقوالهم فيه‏.‏ فمنهم من يزعم أنه إله، ومنهم من يزعم أنه نبى مرسل، ومنهم من ادعى أنه محمد بن الحسن يعنون المهدى وأمروا من وجده بالسجود له وأعلنوا بالكفر بذلك، وسب الصحابة، وأظهروا الخروج عن الطاعة، وعزموا على المحاربة‏.‏ فهل يجب قتالهم وقتل مقاتلتهم‏؟‏ وهل تباح ذراريهم وأموالهم أم لا‏؟‏

Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) was asked regarding a group of people who are upon the Nusayri Madhab (doctrine); they all gathered around a man of whom they had a variety of opinions about. Some among them claimed he is Ilah (deity), some among them claimed he is a Nabi (prophet) who was sent (by Allah), others among them claimed he is Muhammad bin Hasan, meaning the Mahdi. They ordered that anyone who should meet the (so-called) Mahdi should perform Sajdah (prostrate) before him. By doing so they revealed their Kufr (disbelief), and they Sabb (cursed) the Sahabah (companions). They revealed their refusal to Taah (obedience) and their determination to fight. So, is it Waajib (obligatory) to fight with them and kill their warriors? Is it permitted (to hold as captives) their children and (to take) their property (as booty) or not?

فأجاب‏:‏
الحمد لله، هؤلاء يجب قتالهم ما داموا ممتنعين حتى يلتزموا شرائع الإسلام؛ فإن النصيرية من أعظم الناس كفرًا بدون اتباعهم لمثل هذا الدجال، فكيف إذا اتبعوا مثل هذا الدجال‏؟‏‏!‏ وهم مرتدون من أسوأ الناس ردة، تقتل مقاتلتهم، وتغنم أموالهم‏.‏.. و‏[‏النصيرية‏]‏ لا يكتمون أمرهم، بل هم معروفون عند جميع المسلمين، لا يصلون الصلوات الخمس، ولا يصومون شهر رمضان، ولا يحجون البيت، ولا يؤدون الزكاة، ولا يقرون بوجوب ذلك، ويستحلون الخمر وغيرها من المحرمات، ويعتقدون أن الإله علي بن أبى طالب


Shaykhul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) responded by stating:

Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah). It is Waajib to fight with these Nusayris as long as they resist, until they accept the law of Islam. It is because the Nusayriyyah are from the worst disbeliever among the people even before they subjected to such Dajjal (Anti-Christ) then how would it be after they subjected to such Dajjal? They are from the worst Murtaddun (apostates) among the people regarding the Riddah (apostasy); their fighters will be killed and their property will be taken as Ghanimah (booty) The Nusayriyyah do not conceal their matter (i.e. their beliefs), rather, it is Maruf (well known) by all the Muslimin. They neither pray the five prayers, or fast during the month of Ramadhan, nor do they perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the Bayt (House of Allah; Qabah). Also they neither pay Zakaat (obligatory charity), nor do they admit it (i.e. paying Zakaat) to be Waajib. They permit (drinking) Khamr (alcoholic beverages) and others among the prohibited things. They believe that Ali bin Abu Talib (radiyallahu anh) is Ilah!
(Majmuul Fatawa, 28/553-554)

Click on the link for the response.
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

 

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